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spalding_s_baseball_guide_-_1913 [2020/02/07 23:07] (current)
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 +<hr class="​full">​
 +<​center><​b>​EDITED BY</​b></​center>​
 +<​center><​b>​JOHN B. FOSTER</​b></​center>​
 +<​center>​PRICE 10 CENTS</​center>​
 +<​center>​PUBLISHED BY</​center>​
 +<​center>​AMERICAN SPORTS PUBLISHING CO.,</​center>​
 +<​center>​AMERICA'​S NATIONAL GAME</​center>​
 +<​center>​By A. G. SPALDING</​center>​
 +<​center>​PRICE,​ $2.00 NET</​center>​
 +<p>A book of 600 pages, profusely illustrated with over 100 full
 +page engravings, and having sixteen forceful cartoons by Homer C.
 +Davenport, the famous American artist.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The above work should have a place in every public library in
 +this country, as also in the libraries of public schools and
 +private houses.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The author of "​America'​s National Game" is conceded, always,
 +everywhere, and by everybody, to have the best equipment of any
 +living writer to treat the subject that forms the text of this
 +remarkable volume, viz., the story of the origin, development and
 +evolution of Base Ball, the National Game of our country.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Almost from the very inception of the game until the present
 +time&​mdash;​as player, manager and magnate&​mdash;​Mr. Spalding has
 +been closely identified with its interests. Not infrequently he has
 +been called upon in times of emergency to prevent threatened
 +disaster. But for him the National Game would have been syndicated
 +and controlled by elements whose interests were purely selfish and
 +<​p>​The book is a veritable repository of information concerning
 +players, clubs and personalities connected with the game in its
 +early days, and is written in a most interesting style,
 +interspersed with enlivening anecdotes and accounts of events that
 +have not heretofore been published.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The response on the part of the press and the public to Mr.
 +Spalding'​s efforts to perpetuate the early history of the National
 +Game has been very encouraging and he is in receipt of hundreds of
 +letters and notices, a few of which are here given.</​p>​
 +<​p>​ROBERT ADAMSON, New York, writing from the office of Mayor
 +Gaynor, says:&​mdash;"​Seeing the Giants play is my principal
 +recreation and I am interested in reading everything I can find
 +about the game. I especially enjoy what you [Mr. Spalding] have
 +written, because you stand as the highest living authority on the
 +<​p>​BARNEY DREYFUSS, owner of the Pittsburg National League
 +club:&​mdash;"​It does honor to author as well as the game. I have
 +enjoyed reading it very much."</​p>​
 +<​p>​WALTER CAMP, well known foot ball expert and athlete,
 +says:&​mdash;"​It is indeed a remarkable work and one that I have
 +read with a great deal of interest."</​p>​
 +<​p>​JOHN B. DAY, formerly President of the New York
 +Nationals:&​mdash;"​Your wonderful work will outlast all of us."</​p>​
 +<p>W. IRVING SNYDER, formerly of the house of Peck &amp;
 +Snyder:&​mdash;"​I have read the book from cover to cover with great
 +<​p>​ANDREW PECK, formerly of the celebrated firm of Peck &amp;
 +Snyder:&​mdash;"​All base ball fans should read and see how the game
 +was conducted in early years."</​p>​
 +<​p>​MELVILLE E. STONE, New York, General Manager Associated
 +Press:&​mdash;"​I find it full of valuable information and very
 +interesting. I prize it very highly."</​p>​
 +<​p>​GEORGE BARNARD, Chicago:&​mdash;"​Words fail to express my
 +appreciation of the book. It carries me back to the early days of
 +base ball and makes me feel like a young man again."</​p>​
 +<​p>​CHARLES W. MURPHY, President Chicago National League
 +club:&​mdash;"​The book is a very valuable work and will become a
 +part of every base ball library in the country."</​p>​
 +<​p>​JOHN F. MORILL, Boston, Mass., old time base ball star.&​mdash;"​I
 +did not think it possible for one to become so interested in a book
 +on base ball. I do not find anything in it which I can
 +<​p>​RALPH D. PAINE, popular magazine writer and a leading authority
 +on college sport:&​mdash;"​I have been reading the book with a great
 +deal of interest. 'It fills a long felt want,' and you are a
 +national benefactor for writing it."</​p>​
 +<​p>​GEN. FRED FUNSTON, hero of the Philippine war:&​mdash;"​I read the
 +book with a great deal of pleasure and was much interested in
 +seeing the account of base ball among the Asiatic whalers, which I
 +had written for Harper'​s Round Table so many years ago."</​p>​
 +<​p>​DEWOLF HOPPER, celebrated operatic artist and
 +comedian:&​mdash;"​Apart from the splendid history of the evolution
 +of the game, it perpetuates the memories of the many men who so
 +gloriously sustained it. It should be read by every lover of the
 +<​p>​HUGH NICOL, Director of Athletics, Purdue University, Lafayette,
 +Ind.:&​mdash;"​No one that has read this book has appreciated it more
 +than I. Ever since I have been big enough, I have been in
 +professional base ball, and you can imagine how interesting the
 +book is to me."</​p>​
 +<​p>​MRS. BRITTON, owner of the St. Louis Nationals, through her
 +treasurer, H.D. Seekamp, writes:&​mdash;"​Mrs. Britton has been very
 +much interested in the volume and has read with pleasure a number
 +of chapters, gaining valuable information as to the history of the
 +<​p>​REV. CHARLES H. PARKHURST, D.D., New York:&​mdash;"​Although I am
 +not very much of a '​sport,'​ I nevertheless believe in sports, and
 +just at the present time in base ball particularly. Perhaps if all
 +the Giants had an opportunity to read the volume before the recent
 +game (with the Athletics) they might not have been so grievously
 +<​p>​BRUCE CARTWRIGHT, son of Alexander J. Cartwright, founder of the
 +Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, the first organization of ball
 +players in existence, writing from his home at Honolulu, Hawaiian
 +Islands, says:&​mdash;"​I have read the book with great interest and
 +it is my opinion that no better history of base ball could have
 +been written."</​p>​
 +<​p>​GEORGE W. FROST, San Diego, Calif.:&​mdash;"​You and '​Jim'​ White,
 +George Wright, Barnes, McVey, O'​Rourke,​ etc., were little gods to
 +us back there in Boston in those days of '74 and '75, and I recall
 +how indignant we were when you 'threw us down' for the Chicago
 +contract. The book is splendid. I treasure it greatly."</​p>​
 +<​p>​A.J. REACH, Philadelphia,​ old time professional
 +expert:&​mdash;"​It certainly is an interesting revelation of the
 +national game from the time, years before it was so dignified, up
 +to the present. Those who have played the game, or taken an
 +interest in it in the past, those at present engaged in it,
 +together with all who are to engage in it, have a rare treat in
 +<​p>​DR. LUTHER H. GULICK, Russell Sage Foundation:&​mdash;"​Mr.
 +Spalding has been the largest factor in guiding the development of
 +the game and thus deserves to rank with other great men of the
 +country who have contributed to its success. It would have added to
 +the interest of the book if Mr. Spalding could have given us more
 +of his own personal experiences,​ hopes and ambitions in connection
 +with the game."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Pittsburg Press</​i>:&​mdash;"​Historical incidents abound and
 +the book is an excellent authority on the famous sport."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Philadelphia Telegraph</​i>:&​mdash;"​In this book Mr. Spalding
 +has written the most complete and authoritative story of base ball
 +yet published."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​New York Herald</​i>:&​mdash;"​If there is anyone in the country
 +competent to write a book on base ball it is A.G. Spalding who has
 +been interested in the game from its early beginnings."</​p>​
 +<​p>​I.E. Sanborn, Chicago <​i>​Tribune</​i>:&​mdash;"'​America'​s National
 +Game' has been added to the <​i>​Tribune'​s</​i>​ sporting reference
 +library as an invaluable contribution to the literature of the
 +national pastime."</​p>​
 +<​p>​O.C. Reichard, Chicago <​i>​Daily News</​i>:&​mdash;"​It is cleverly
 +written and presents information and dates of great value to the
 +newspaper man of to-day!"</​p>​
 +<​p>​George C. Rice, Chicago <​i>​Journal</​i>:&​mdash;"​I have read the
 +book through, and take pleasure in stating that it is a complete
 +history of the game from the beginning until the present time."</​p>​
 +<​p>​Sherman R. Duffy, Sporting Editor <​i>​Chicago
 +Journal</​i>:&​mdash;"​It is a most interesting work and one for which
 +there was need. It is the most valuable addition to base ball
 +literature that has yet been put out."</​p>​
 +<​p>​Joseph H. Vila, New York <​i>​Sun</​i>:&​mdash;"​I have read it
 +carefully and with much interest. It is the best piece of base ball
 +literature I have ever seen, and I congratulate you on the
 +<​p>​Tim Murnane, Sporting Editor <​i>​Boston Globe</​i>:&​mdash;"​You
 +have given to the world a book of inestimable value, a classic in
 +American history; a book that should be highly prized in every home
 +library in the country."</​p>​
 +<​p>​Francis C. Richter, Editor <​i>​Sporting Life</​i>,​
 +Philadelphia:&​mdash;"​From a purely literary standpoint, your work
 +is to me amazing. Frankly, I would not change a line, for the
 +reason that the story is told in a way to grip the reader and hold
 +his interest continually."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Los Angeles Times</​i>​ (editorial):&​mdash;"​Spalding'​s book has
 +been out six months and ninety thousand copies have been sold. We
 +understand there will be other editions. America has taken base
 +ball seriously for at last two generations,​ and it is time enough
 +that the fad was given an adequate text book."</​p>​
 +<​p>​Caspar Whitney, Editor <​i>​Outdoor America</​i>,​ and one of the
 +leading authorities in the world on sport:&​mdash;"​You have made an
 +invaluable contribution to the literature of the game, and one none
 +else could have made. Moreover, you've done some very interesting
 +writing, which is a distinct novelty in such books&​mdash;​too often
 +dull and uninteresting."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​New York World</​i>:&​mdash;"​Albert G. Spalding, who really
 +grew up with the sport, has written '​America'​s National Game,'
 +which he describes as not a history, but the simple story of the
 +game as he has come to know it. His book, therefore, is full of
 +living interest. It is a volume generously illustrated and abounds
 +in personal memories of base ball in the making."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​New York Sun</​i>:&​mdash;"​There is a mass of interesting
 +information regarding base ball, as might be expected, in Mr.
 +Spalding'​s '​America'​s National Game.' It is safe to say that before
 +Spalding there was no base ball. The book is no record of games and
 +players, but it is historical in a broader sense, and the author is
 +able to give his personal decisive testimony about many disputed
 +<​p><​i>​Evening Telegram</​i>,​ New York:&​mdash;"​In clear, concise,
 +entertaining,​ narrative style, Albert G. Spalding has contributed
 +in many respects the most interesting work pertaining to base ball,
 +the national game, which has been written.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​There is so much in it of interest that the temptation not to
 +put it down until it is completed is strong within the mind of
 +every person who begins to read it. As a historical record it is
 +one of those volumes which will go further to straighten some
 +disputed points than all of the arguments which could be advanced
 +in good natured disputes which might last for months."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Providence</​i>​ (R. I.) <​i>​Tribune</​i>:&​mdash;"​The pictures of
 +old time teams players and magnates of a bygone era will interest
 +every lover of the game, and no doubt start many discussions and
 +recollections among the old timers."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​New York Evening Mail</​i>:&​mdash;"​Were it possible to
 +assemble the grand army of base ball fans in convention, their
 +first act probably would be to pass a vote of thanks to Mr. A.G.
 +Spalding for his work '​America'​s National Game'​."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Columbus</​i>​ (Ohio) <​i>​Dispatch</​i>:&​mdash;"​Never before has
 +been put in print so much of authentic record of this distinctly
 +national game, and it will be long, if ever, until so thoroughly
 +interesting and useful a volume is published to cover the same
 +<​p><​i>​New Orleans Picayune</​i>:&​mdash;"​The pictures of old time
 +teams, players and magnates of a bygone era will interest every
 +lover of the game. Homer Davenport, America'​s great cartoonist, has
 +contributed drawings in his inimitable style of various phases of
 +the game."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Indianapolis Star</​i>:&​mdash;"​From cover to cover, the 542
 +pages are filled with material for '​fanning bees,' which the
 +average '​fan'​ never before encountered. It is an interesting volume
 +for anyone who follows the national pastime and a valuable addition
 +to any library."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Buffalo News</​i>:&​mdash;"​No book on base ball has ever been
 +written that is superior to this one by A.G. Spalding. The book is
 +admirably written, yet without any frills. Many of the more notable
 +incidents recounted in this book are having wide publication by
 +<​p><​i>​Brooklyn Times</​i>:&​mdash;"​The book is practically a
 +compendium of the salient incidents in the evolution of
 +professional base ball. Mr. Spalding is pre-eminently fitted to
 +perform this service, his connection with the game having been
 +contemporaneous with its development,​ as player, club owner and
 +league director."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Washington</​i>​ (D. C.) <​i>​Star</​i>:&​mdash;"​This work appeals
 +with peculiar force to the public. Mr. Spalding'​s name is almost
 +synonymous with base ball. He has worked to the end of producing a
 +volume which tells the story of the game vividly and accurately.
 +Taken altogether, this is a most valuable and entertaining
 +<​p><​i>​New York American</​i>:&​mdash;"​One of the best selling books
 +of the season has been '​America'​s National Game,' by A.G. Spalding.
 +The first edition of five thousand copies has been sold out (in two
 +months) and a second edition of five thousand is now on the press.
 +As a Christmas gift from father to son, it is most
 +<​p><​i>​Cincinnati Enquirer</​i>:&​mdash;"​As a veteran of the diamond,
 +well qualified to do so, Mr. Spalding has committed to print a
 +professional'​s version of the distinctly American game. This well
 +known base ball celebrity has a store of familiar anecdotes
 +embracing the entire period of the game as now played and the
 +reader will find it most interesting."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Teacher and Home, New York</​i>:&​mdash;"​Every live father of a
 +live boy will want to buy this book. It is said of some of the
 +'best sellers'​ that they hold one to the end. This book holds the
 +reader with its anecdote, its history, its pictures; but it will
 +have no end; for no home&​mdash;​no American home&​mdash;​will be
 +complete hereafter without it."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Buffalo Times</​i>:&​mdash;"​A.G. Spalding, with whose name
 +every American boy is familiar, has been prevailed upon to commit
 +to print events which were instrumental in guiding the destinies of
 +the National League during the trying period of its early days. To
 +write upon base ball in a historical manner, and yet not fall into
 +the habit of quoting interminable statistics, is a feat that few
 +could accomplish."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Cincinnati Times-Star</​i>:&​mdash;"'​America'​s National Game,'
 +A.G. Spalding'​s great book upon the diamond sport, is now upon the
 +market and receiving well merited attention. It tells the story as
 +Mr. Spalding saw it, and no man has been in position to see more.
 +When '​Al'​ Spalding, the sinewy pitcher of nearly forty years ago,
 +came into the arena, the game was young, and through all the
 +changing seasons that have seen it mature into full bloom, its
 +closest watcher and strongest friend has been the same '​Al'​
 +<​p><​i>​Cincinnati Time-Star</​i>:&​mdash;"​The book is at once a
 +history, a cyclopaedia and a most entertaining volume."</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​New York American</​i>:&​mdash;"'​America'​s National Game' tells
 +for the first time the history of the national game of base
 +<​p><​i>​Portland Oregonian</​i>:&​mdash;"​The book is of rare interest
 +and has such personal value in the story line that one hardly knows
 +where to begin in making quotations from it&​mdash;​all the stories
 +told are so admirable."</​p>​
 +<​p>​JOHN T. NICHOLSON, Principal Public School 186, New
 +York:&​mdash;"​It'​s a great book."</​p>​
 +<​p>​REV. W.A. SUNDAY, Evangelist:&​mdash;"​No one in America is better
 +qualified to talk of base ball, from its inception to its present
 +greatness, than A.G. Spalding."</​p>​
 +<​p>​WM. L. VEECK and ED. W. SMITH, of the Chicago
 +<​i>​American</​i>:&​mdash;"​We have found much enjoyment in reading the
 +book, and it is very valuable in our work."</​p>​
 +<​p>​W.H. CONANT, Gossamer Rubber Co., Boston, Mass.:&​mdash;"​I have
 +read the book with great pleasure and it produced a vivid
 +reminiscence of the striking events in base ball, so full of
 +interest to all lovers of the game."</​p>​
 +<​p>​JOSEPH B. MACCABE, Editor East Boston (Mass.)
 +<​i>​Argus-Advocate</​i>,​ and ex-President Amateur Athletic
 +Union:&​mdash;"​I want to express my gratitude, as a humble follower
 +of manly sport, for the compilation of this historic work."</​p>​
 +<​p>​JOHN A. LOWELL, President John A. Lowell Bank Note Company,
 +Boston, Mass.:&​mdash;"​I have read the book with great interest and
 +it certainly is a valuable compilation of facts relating to the
 +history of base ball, the great national game of America. I prize
 +it very highly."</​p>​
 +<​p>​WM. F. GARCELON, Harvard Athletic Association,​ Cambridge,
 +Mass.:&​mdash;"​I think '​America'​s National Game' is not only
 +intensely interesting but most valuable, as giving the history of
 +the game. Better still, my nine year old boy is looking forward to
 +the time when he can get it away from me."</​p>​
 +<​p>​GUSTAV T. KIRBY, President of the Amateur Athletic
 +Union:&​mdash;"​Not only as a historical sketch of this great
 +national game, but also as a technical dissertation on base ball as
 +it was and is, this book will not only be of interest but of
 +benefit to all of us Americans who are interested in
 +sport&​mdash;​and what American is not interested in sport?&​mdash;​and
 +being interested in sport, chiefly in base ball."</​p>​
 +<​p>​EVERETT C. BROWN, Chicago, ex-president of the Amateur Athletic
 +Union of the United States:&​mdash;"​It is very seldom that any
 +history of any sport or anything pertaining to athletics approaches
 +the interest with which one reads a popular work of fiction, but I
 +can truthfully say that I have read the story of the great national
 +game with as much interest as I have read any recent work of
 +<​p>​THOMAS F. GRAHAM, Judge Superior Court, San
 +Francisco:&​mdash;"'​America'​s National Game' contains matter on the
 +origin and development of base ball&​mdash;​the greatest game ever
 +devised by man&​mdash;​that will be of the utmost interest to the
 +base ball loving people, not only of this, but of every English
 +speaking country; and I am sure it will perpetuate the name of A.G.
 +Spalding to the end of time."</​p>​
 +<​center>​Thirty-seventh Year</​center>​
 +<​center>​EDITED BY</​center>​
 +<​center>​JOHN B. FOSTER</​center>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​INT">​INTRODUCTION</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_2">​EDITORIAL COMMENT</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_3">​NEW FACES IN THE OLD LEAGUE</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_4">​THE UMPIRES</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_5">​BASE BALL WRITERS OF THE SOUTH</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_6">​BASE BALL WORTH WHILE?</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_7">​THE SPALDING BASE BALL HALL OF FAME</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_8">​JOHN TOMLINSON BRUSH</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_9">​THE WORLD'​S SERIES OF 1912</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_10">​NATIONAL LEAGUE SEASON OF 1912</​a></​p>​
 +<​p><​a href="#​RULE4_11">​AMERICAN LEAGUE SEASON OF 1912</​a></​p>​
 +<a name="​INT"><​!-- INT --></​a>​
 +<p>In preparing this issue of SPALDING'​S OFFICIAL BASE BALL GUIDE
 +for the season of 1913, it has occurred to the Editor that the
 +season of 1912, and the period which followed its completion, have
 +been filled, with a great deal of unusual and uncommon
 +<p>In the first place the personnel of the National League, the
 +oldest Base Ball organization in the world, has been greatly
 +changed by reason of death and purchase of one franchise. New
 +owners have brought new faces into the game, and when the National
 +League starts on this year's campaign there will be some younger
 +but equally as ambitious men at the heads of some of the clubs.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The players have effected an organization. That, too, is an
 +incident of interest, for it is well within the memory of the Base
 +Ball "​fans"​ of this day what happened when another organization was
 +perfected in the past. For this organization it may be said that
 +the members promise that it will be their object to bring about
 +better deportment on the part of their own associates and that they
 +will work their best for the advancement of Base Ball from a
 +professional standpoint. If they do this they will be of benefit to
 +the sport. If they work from selfish motives it is inevitable that
 +eventually there will be a clash, as there was in the past.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The last world'​s series which was played was the greatest
 +special series of games which has been played in the history of the
 +national pastime. There may have been single games and there may
 +have been series which have attracted their full measure of
 +interest from the Base Ball "​fans,"​ but there never has been a
 +special series so filled with thrills and excitement as that
 +between the New York and Boston clubs. The GUIDE this year enters
 +into the subject thoroughly with photographs and a story of the
 +games and feels that the readers will enjoy the account of the
 +<​p>​Some innovations have been attempted in this number of the GUIDE
 +which should interest Base Ball readers. Attention is called to the
 +symposium by prominent Base Ball writers which brings up a subject
 +of interest in regard to future world'​s series. There are other
 +special articles, including something about the Base Ball writers
 +of the South, who have decided to organize a chapter of their
 +<​p>​The year 1912 was one of progress and advancement on the part of
 +Base Ball throughout the world. To-day it not only is stronger than
 +ever as America'​s national game but it is making fast progress in
 +other countries because of the attractiveness of the pastime.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Editor of the GUIDE wishes its thousands of readers an even
 +more enjoyable Base Ball year in 1913 than they had in 1912. This
 +publication is now one of worldwide circulation,​ and carries the
 +gospel of Base Ball, not only across the Atlantic ocean, but across
 +the Pacific ocean as well. One of these days it may be its province
 +to report a series for the international championship,​ and then
 +Base Ball will have become the universal game of the world, a place
 +toward which it is rapidly tending.</​p>​
 +<​center>​THE EDITOR.</​center>​
 +<a name="​RULE4_2"><​!-- RULE4 2 --></​a>​
 +<​h2>​EDITORIAL COMMENT</​h2>​
 +<​center>​BY JOHN B. FOSTER.</​center>​
 +<​p>​Two more nations have been conquered by the national game of the
 +United States; a whole race has succumbed to the fascinations of
 +the greatest of all outdoor sports. Both France and Sweden have
 +announced their intention of organizing Base Ball leagues. That of
 +Sweden is well under way. Indeed, they have a club in Stockholm and
 +there are more to follow, while the French, who have gradually been
 +awakening to the joys of athletic pastime in which they have
 +hitherto chosen to participate in other ways, hope to have a new
 +league by the expiration of the present summer.</​p>​
 +<​p>​There is no doubt as to their intention to play Base Ball. They
 +are making efforts to procure suitable players from the United
 +States to coach them and the French promoters of the sport are
 +determined that their young men shall be given every opportunity to
 +take advantage of the game of which they have heard so much, and
 +have seen so little.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Last year in the GUIDE it was the pleasure of the editor to call
 +attention to the fact that the Japanese had so thoroughly grasped
 +Base Ball that they were bent on some day playing an American team
 +for the international championship. It is not probable that such a
 +series will take place within the next five years, but not
 +improbable that it will take place within the next decade. When the
 +Japanese learn to bat better, and with more effect, they will
 +become more dangerous rivals to the peace of mind of the American
 +players. They have grasped the general theory of the game amazingly
 +well, and they field well, but they have yet to develop some of
 +those good old fashioned "clean up" hitters in which the "​fans"​ of
 +the United States revel.</​p>​
 +<​p>​This season it comes to the attention of the editor of the GUIDE
 +that more progress has been made in China in regard to Base Ball
 +than in any fifty years preceding. True, there was not much Base
 +Ball in the fifty years preceding, but now there is. There is a
 +league at Hong Kong. There are Base Ball teams at Shanghai and
 +other cities.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Dr. Eliot, former president of Harvard, who recently returned
 +from a trip around the world, holds that Base Ball has done more to
 +humanize and civilize the Chinese than any influence which has been
 +introduced by foreigners, basing his statement on the fact that the
 +introduction of the sport among the younger Chinese has exerted a
 +tremendous restraint upon their gambling propensities.</​p>​
 +<p>It is a rather queer fact that where the civilizations are older
 +in the countries of the Occident there is a greater tendency to
 +gamble, especially among the young, than there is in the newer
 +America. Doubtless this is largely due to the lack of athletic
 +pastime. The young of those countries know little or nothing about
 +simple amusements which are so popular in the United States, and
 +acquire from their elders their knowledge of betting and taking
 +part in games of chance, two evils which unquestionably have done
 +much to degrade the race as a whole.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Base Ball has caught the fancy of the younger generation and the
 +boys. Once they get a ball and a bat in their hands they are better
 +satisfied with them than with all the gambling devices which have
 +been bequeathed to them by a long and eminent line of
 +<p>So it would appear that the introduction of the national game of
 +the United States into China is likely to exert a humanizing
 +influence which shall go further than legislation or sword, and if
 +only the missionaries had grasped earlier the wishes and the
 +tendency of the younger element of the Chinese population, the
 +country might be further along than it is with its progressive
 +<p>In the Philippine Islands the younger generation simply has gone
 +wild over Base Ball. Progress has been noted in the GUIDE from time
 +to time of the increase of interest but it is now at such a pitch
 +that the boys of the islands, wherever Base Ball has been
 +introduced, simply have deserted everything for it. They will play
 +nothing else. The cockfights and the gambling games, which were
 +also a part of the amusement of the younger men, have been given
 +up. The little fellows who wear not much more than a breechclout
 +play Base Ball. They have picked up many of the American terms and
 +one of the most amusing of experiences is to stand outside the
 +walls of old Manila and hear the little brown boys call: "Shoot it
 +over. Line it out," and the like, returning to their native
 +language, and jabbering excitedly in Filipino whenever they arrive
 +at some point of play in which their command of English fails
 +<​p>​Twenty years from now a league including cities of the
 +Philippines,​ China and Japan, is by no means out of the question,
 +and it may be that the introduction of Base Ball into all three
 +countries will result in a better understanding between the peoples
 +and perhaps bring all three races to a better frame of mind as
 +relates to their personal ambitions and rivalries.</​p>​
 +<p>In connection with the widespread influence which Base Ball is
 +having on both sides of the world, on the shores of the Pacific
 +Ocean and on those of the Atlantic Ocean the editor would like to
 +call attention to the theory which has been advanced by Mr. A.G.
 +Spalding, the founder of the GUIDE, as to the efficacy of Base Ball
 +for the purpose of training athletes, that has a worldwide
 +<​p>​Mr. Spalding contends that Base Ball has lent no small
 +assistance to the athletes of the United States in helping them to
 +win premier honors at the Olympic Games since their reintroduction.
 +Mr. Spalding was the first American Commissioner to the Olympic
 +Games appointed to that post, the honor being conferred upon him in
 +1900, when the late President McKinley gave him his commission to
 +represent the United States at Paris in 1900. Mr. Spalding, with
 +his analytical mind has reasoned out a theory which is undoubtedly
 +of great accuracy, and which is further corroborated by an
 +interview given out in London&​mdash;​strangely enough on the same
 +day that Mr. Spalding gave utterance to his ideas in Los
 +Angeles&​mdash;​by Mr. J.E. Sullivan, American Commissioner to the
 +Olympic Games at Stockholm last year, while returning to the United
 +States after witnessing the triumphs of the Americans. Mr. Spalding
 +<​p>"​I cannot say that I am at all surprised at the result at
 +Stockholm. History has been repeating itself in this way ever since
 +the celebration of the Olympic games was inaugurated at Athens.
 +America won the victory there in 1896; she triumphed again at Paris
 +in 1900; our athletes defeated the contestants at St. Louis in
 +1904; the victory was ours at London in 1908, and it was a foregone
 +conclusion that we would win at Stockholm.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​But there is food for thought in this uninterrupted succession
 +of triumphs. Why do our athletes always win? All other things being
 +equal, the contestants in the country holding the event should
 +naturally come to the front. Their numbers are always greater than
 +those from any other country and the home grounds influence is
 +strong. However, that advantage has not in any case prevented
 +American success.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​Therefore there must be a cause. What is it? Measured by scale
 +and tape, our athlete'​s are not so much superior as a class. The
 +theory of 'more beef' must be discarded. We may not lay claim to
 +having all the best trainers of the world. We must look to some
 +other source for American prowess.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​I may be a prejudiced judge, but I believe the whole secret of
 +these continued successes is to be found to the kind of training
 +that comes with the playing of America'​s national game, and our
 +competitors in other lands may never hope to reach the standard of
 +American athletes until they learn this lesson and adopt our
 +<​p>"​The question, 'When should the training of a child begin?'​ has
 +been wisely answered by the statement that it should antedate his
 +birth. The training of Base Ball may not go back quite that far,
 +but it approaches the time as nearly as practicable,​ for America
 +starts training of future Olympian winners very early in life.
 +Youngsters not yet big enough to attend school begin quickening
 +their eyesight and sharpening their wits and strengthening their
 +hands and arms and legs by playing on base ball fields ready at
 +hand in the meadows of farms, the commons of villages and the parks
 +of cities all over the land. Base ball combines running, jumping,
 +throwing and everything that constitutes the athletic events of the
 +Olympian games. But above all, it imparts to the player that degree
 +of confidence in competition,​ that indefinable something that
 +enables one athlete to win over another who may be his physical
 +equal but who is lacking the American spirit begotten of base
 +<​p>"​An analysis of the 1912 Olympian games shows that the American
 +showed to best advantage in contests where the stress of
 +competition was hardest. In the dashes they were supreme; in the
 +hurdles they were in a class by themselves, and in the high jump
 +and pole vault there was no one worthy of their steel. Whenever
 +quick thinking and acting was required, an American was in front.
 +Does not this fact prove that the American game of base ball
 +enables the player to determine in the fraction of a second what to
 +do to defeat his contestant?"</​p>​
 +<​center>​WHAT A SEASON OF BASE BALL COSTS</​center>​
 +<p>It may not be out of place to say a few words in regard to the
 +greatly increased cost of Base Ball. There are some sensational
 +writers whose hobby is to inform the public about the great
 +receipts in Base Ball. Usually they exaggerate from twenty-five to
 +thirty-five per cent.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Now as to the expense of Base Ball. Figures at an approximate
 +for the National League will be offered. Railroad expenses for
 +mileage alone $300,000, including spring training trips. Hotel
 +bills $65,000. Sleeping cars and meals en route, $80,000. Salaries
 +to players, $480,000. Total, $875,000. Add to this $30,000 for the
 +salaries of umpires and their traveling expenses. That makes
 +<​p>​Now not a penny has been appropriated thus far for the salaries
 +of the president of the National League, the secretary and
 +expenditures of the office nor for the salaries of the business
 +departments of the various clubs, nor for ground rents, taxes and a
 +dozen and one other things, to say nothing of that well-known old
 +item "wear and tear."</​p>​
 +<​p>​The receipts of Base Ball barely cover these expenditures. The
 +alleged profits of Base Ball mostly are fanciful dreams of those
 +who know nothing of the practical side of the sport and are stunned
 +when they are made acquainted with the real financial problems
 +which confront club owners.</​p>​
 +<​p>​But the money that is contributed to the support of the game
 +almost immediately finds its way back into public channels. Less
 +than thirty per cent. of Base Ball clubs realize what a business
 +man would call a fair return on the amount invested.</​p>​
 +<p>A well-known writer on economic topics interviewed owners of
 +Base Ball clubs as to their income and outgo. One of the best known
 +of the National League men took the writer into his office and
 +spread the cash book of the club's business before him.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​You may go through it if you wish," said the owner, "but here
 +is the balance for the last day of the year."</​p>​
 +<p>It read as follows: Receipts, $250,505; expenditures,​
 +<​p>"​That'​s answer enough for me," said the writer. "I am through
 +with any more essays on the affluence of Base Ball '​magnates.'​ I
 +think it would be better to extend them the hand of charity than
 +the mailed fist."</​p>​
 +<​center>​THE NEW ORGANIZATION OF PLAYERS</​center>​
 +<​p>​The formation of an organization on the part of the major league
 +ball players during the closing days of the season of 1912 was
 +looked upon with some misgivings by those who remember only too
 +well what happened when a prior organization of ball players was
 +<p>In the present instance those foremost in perfecting the
 +organization have also been foremost in asserting that the players'​
 +organization'​s principal aim is to co-operate with the club
 +<p>If this object is followed with fidelity and to its ultimate
 +conclusion there is no necessity to fear any grave disturbances,​
 +but there is a dread&​mdash;​that dread which is the fear of the
 +child that has had its hands burned by the flame, that a selfish
 +coterie of players might obtain control of the organization,​ set up
 +a policy of unscrupulous defiance and destructive opposition and
 +retard for a moment the higher development of the game.</​p>​
 +<​p>​There is no organization,​ either of unscrupulous Base Ball
 +players or unscrupulous club owners, which will ever find it
 +possible to destroy organized Base Ball. The results that organized
 +Base Ball have brought about will never be annihilated although
 +grave injury could be temporarily wrought by a force defiant to tie
 +unusual demands made by the sport to perpetuate itself
 +<p>It is simply out of the question to control Base Ball as one
 +would control the affairs of a department store. Base Ball has its
 +commercial side, but its commercial side cannot maintain it with
 +success. There must be a predominant factor based upon the
 +encouragement that brings forth admiration for a high class sport.
 +This factor can only be fostered by the ability to maintain not
 +one, but a group of high class teams.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Any ball player imbued with the idea that the "​stars"​ should be
 +grouped together in the city best able to pay the highest salaries
 +simply is an enemy to his career and to those of his fellow
 +<​p>​Without some handicap to assist in the equalizing of the
 +strength of Base Ball nines of the professional leagues there will
 +be no prosperity for the leagues or the clubs individually. No
 +better evidence may be cited to prove this than the fact,
 +repeatedly demonstrated that in the smaller leagues Base Ball
 +enthusiasts in the city best able to pay the largest salaries
 +frequently withdraw their support of the team because "it wins all
 +the time."</​p>​
 +<​p>​To-day Base Ball, in its professional atmosphere, is nearer an
 +ideal sport, a better managed sport, and a more fairly and
 +equitably adjusted sport, than it ever has been, which is manifest
 +proof of its superior evolution. Had results been otherwise it
 +would have retrograded and possibly passed out of existence.
 +Carefully comparing its management with that of all other sports in
 +history the Editor of the GUIDE believes that it is the best
 +managed sport in the world.</​p>​
 +<p>It is true that improvements can be made. It is evident that
 +there are still commercialized owners not over capitalized with a
 +spirit of sport. It is undeniable that there are ball players not
 +imbued with a high tone of the obligations,​ which they owe to their
 +employers and to the public, but it is as certain as the existence
 +of the game that progress has been made, and that it has not ceased
 +to move forward.</​p>​
 +<​p>​For that reason players and owners must be guided by a sense of
 +lofty ideals and not be led astray by foolish outbursts over
 +trivial differences of opinion, easily to be adjusted by the
 +exercise of a little common sense.</​p>​
 +<​center>​BASE BALL PLAYED IN SWEDEN</​center>​
 +<p>In connection with the subject of "Base Ball For All the World,"​
 +for which the GUIDE expounds and spreads the gospel, the Editor
 +would submit a very interesting letter received by him from Sweden.
 +it reads as follows:</​p>​
 +<​p>​Westeras,​ Sweden, Sept. 14, 1912.</​p>​
 +<p>To the Editor of the GUIDE:</​p>​
 +<p>We hereby have the pleasure of sending you two copies of the
 +rules, translated and issued by the Westeras Base Ball Club, into
 +Swedish from the Spalding Base Ball Guide.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The work of getting the book out has been somewhat slow on
 +account of that the work of translating,​ proofreading,​ etc., all
 +had to be done on our spare time, but it is done now, and I think
 +we have succeeded pretty well, everything considered. The books
 +will be distributed by a well-known book firm, Bjork &amp; Boyeson,
 +Stockholm, and will soon be available in all the bookstores in
 +<p>We got some advance copies out just in time for the Olympic
 +Games, and I had the pleasure of presenting some copies to
 +Commissioner Col. Thompson, Manager Halpin and others of the
 +American Olympic Committee.</​p>​
 +<p>As you know, so did we have a game of Base Ball at Stockholm
 +with one of the Finland teams, and as it may be of some interest to
 +you to know the preliminaries to the game, I am writing to relate
 +how it happened.</​p>​
 +<p>In trying to arrange for some amusements in the evenings at the
 +Stadium, the Olympic Committee wrote us if we would be willing to
 +take part in a game of Base Ball at Stadium some evening during the
 +Stadium week. As our club this year was in poor condition, on
 +account of some of our best players being out on military duties,
 +we hesitated at first, but then decided to risk it, knowing very
 +well that whoever we would play against, they would not rub in to
 +us too hard. We pointed out to the Olympic Committee that it would
 +not be very hard to get a team of Base Ball players picked out from
 +the American athletes taking part in the contests, but as they
 +would not be prepared for Base Ball, suits and other needed
 +articles had to be provided for. We were then told to get necessary
 +things ordered, and so we did. We ordered suits from a tailor in
 +this town, after a pattern that I got from Spalding'​s this spring.
 +The suits were of gray flannel, with blue trimmings for our team
 +and red trimmings for the American. I also ordered bats and gloves,
 +and with the things our club already had, we were very well
 +<​p>​The Olympic Committee, Stockholm, then received a letter from
 +the Olympic Committee, New York, saying that if a game of Base Ball
 +could be arranged for during the Olympian Games, they would bring
 +two teams along on the Finland. The Olympic Committee cabled to
 +come along, and sent us a copy of Mr. Sullivan'​s letter. I knew, of
 +course, that if the game could be played by two American teams, it
 +would be a much better game than if our team took part, and told
 +the Olympic Committee, and wanted to withdraw, but as they did not
 +know for sure how it would be, told us to go ahead with the
 +arrangements just the same, and so we did, and by the time the
 +Finland arrived, everything had been arranged for.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Olympic Committee has selected the evening, 7 P.M., of the
 +10th of July, for the game, and thought that this would be suitable
 +to the Americans, but as some of the players had to take part in
 +the contests, Mr. Halpin would not risk them then, so it was
 +finally decided that a game should be played the 15th, the
 +Americans to play six innings between themselves and then six
 +innings against us.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Well,​ we had a game at the training grounds. We played six
 +innings, and Mr. Halpin was kind enough to let us have a pitcher
 +and catcher from his men. The score was 9 to 3, and it could just
 +as well been 9 to 0, perhaps. Well, at any rate, it was the first
 +Base Ball game, as far as I know, that ever took place in Europe
 +between an American team and a European team, with England possibly
 +<​p>​Mr. Halpin said that the Americans were going to play a game the
 +next morning between themselves, but that game did not come off.
 +There was probably no time for it, as the Finland left Stockholm
 +the same day. Very likely the American boys were somewhat
 +disappointed in not being able to play between themselves, as
 +anticipated,​ and perhaps I should not have pushed our game ahead,
 +but as long as there was a Base Ball team in Sweden, it would have
 +been strange if it had not played, and it gave our boys a chance to
 +see how the game should be played, and they certainly did take it
 +in. Had the game been played as it was intended and advertised, on
 +the 10th in the Stadium, there would very likely have been a bigger
 +crowd present, and the game would also have been more talked about
 +in the papers, but then we will have to be satisfied as it is.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Our club has been practicing all summer, twice a week, and on
 +the 24th of August we gave an exhibition game here at Westeras,
 +between two teams from our club, the suits made for the Olympic
 +Games coming in very handy. I send you herewith a clipping from a
 +local paper describing the game, and also a picture of the two
 +teams with myself and the umpire included.</​p>​
 +<p>At our game here we distributed the "​Description of Base Ball,"
 +written by you and translated into Swedish, and it came of good
 +use. Next year we intend to have our teams appear in the nearby
 +cities around here, so as to give people a chance to see the game,
 +and it will not be long before they will start it in Stockholm, so
 +I think the game is bound to be popular here also,</​p>​
 +<​p>​Mr. George Wright, of Boston, was the umpire at the Stockholm
 +games, and as he was very kind to us, we would like to send him the
 +picture of the club, and hope that you will forward us his
 +<p>I am, for Westeras Base Ball Club,</​p>​
 +<​p>​Yours truly,</​p>​
 +<​p>​EDWIN JOHNSON,</​p>​
 +<​p>​Electrical Engineer.</​p>​
 +<​center>​THE NEW NATIONAL AGREEMENT</​center>​
 +<​p>​Unlimited satisfaction must be had by all who are connected with
 +Base Ball over the greatly improved conditions by which the season
 +of 1913 is begun under the new National Agreement. While it perhaps
 +might be exaggerated boastfulness to affirm that Base Ball, as a
 +professionally organized sport, has attained perfection, it is not
 +out of reason&​mdash;​ indeed, quite within reason&​mdash;​to observe
 +that Base Ball never had such a well balanced and perfect
 +organization as that by which it is regulated at the present
 +<​p>​The principal fact of congratulation lies in the safeguards and
 +provisions which have been thrown around the players of the minor
 +leagues and in the equitable and just measures which have been
 +agreed upon to provide for their future.</​p>​
 +<p>As a general rule it may be taken for granted that the players
 +of the major leagues can take care of themselves. That is to say,
 +their positions, if they are expert in their calling, and
 +conscientious in their deportment, really take care of them.</​p>​
 +<p>No club owner, unless he is maliciously or foolishly inclined,
 +will jeopardize the interests of his team by acting in a wilfully
 +unjust manner toward a player who is cheerfully and uprightly
 +offering his services. We may hear of occasional exceptions to this
 +condition of things, but if these occasional exceptions chance to
 +arise, it is inevitably certain that the owner in the long run will
 +suffer to a greater degree than the player with whom he deals
 +<p>It is the history of Base Ball that more inequitable treatment
 +has arisen by fifty per cent in the minor leagues than has had its
 +origin in the major leagues. The reason for this existed almost
 +wholly in the inability of Base Ball as a whole to bring the minor
 +league owners to a realization of the injury that they might be
 +doing and to extend such punishment and insist upon such regulation
 +as were necessary to change this undesirable condition.</​p>​
 +<p>By the organization of the National Association of Base Ball
 +clubs the minor leagues, for the first time in their history,
 +placed themselves in a position where they could demand proper
 +enforcement of regulations for the government of the sport, and by
 +their alliance with the major league clubs, under the articles of
 +the National Agreement, a general working basis was effected
 +whereby compliance with rules could be insisted upon.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The result of this admirable condition of affairs is that wisdom
 +and equity now rule where there once existed chaos and at times
 +something akin to anarchy in sport.</​p>​
 +<p>At no time in the history of the game, which is so dear to the
 +hearts of the American people, has the general legislative and
 +executive body been so well equipped by the adoption of pertinent
 +and virile laws to insist upon justice to all concerned as at the
 +present moment.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The new National Agreement is an improvement upon the old and
 +the old was a long, long step in advance of anything which had
 +preceded it. The mere fact that club owners and leagues were so
 +willing to adopt a system better than its predecessor wholly
 +confutes the absurd assertions of the radical element that there is
 +no consideration shown for the player.</​p>​
 +<p>To the contrary, every consideration has been shown to the
 +player, but the latter must not confound with the consideration
 +shown to him the idea that his interests are the only interests at
 +stake in Base Ball. The man who is willing to furnish the sinews of
 +war has as good standing in court as the player who furnishes the
 +base hits and the phenomenal catches.</​p>​
 +<p>So perfect is the system which is being attempted to be set in
 +force by the new National Agreement that the young man who now
 +essays to play professional Base Ball may be assured of steady
 +advancement in this profession and a generally improving condition
 +if he will be as honest by his employer as he expects his employer
 +to be honest by him.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The graduated system of assisting players, step by step, from
 +the least important leagues to the most important is the most
 +perfect plan of its kind that has ever been devised. There may be
 +flaws in it, but if there are they will be remedied, and if
 +modifications are necessary to make it more perfect there is no
 +doubt that such modifications will be agreed upon.</​p>​
 +<p>As proof of what the new National Agreement may do, although it
 +has barely had time to be considered, the editor of the GUIDE would
 +submit the following for consideration:</​p>​
 +<​p>​Ever since the National Agreement was organized the members have
 +always striven to aid the players in their efforts to gain the top
 +rank in the great national game. They have had a hard proposition
 +in handling all of the cases that have been brought to their
 +attention, but their decisions in all cases were absolutely fair
 +and impartial. Then the matter of the new agreement occasioned many
 +hours of laborious work on the part of the members of the
 +Commission, and when the instrument was finally announced it meant
 +that all of the parties to such an agreement were satisfied and
 +that there could be no improvement. There was one detail that
 +covered a wide field, and that was in the matter of players;
 +drafted by the two big leagues and later sent back to the minors.
 +Under the old National Agreement it was possible to pick up a
 +player by means of the annual draft from one of the Class C leagues
 +and just before the opening of the season send him back to the club
 +from whence he came without ever having given him a chance to land
 +with a club in some higher organization.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Realizing that such players were not given a chance to advance
 +in the Base Ball profession, this matter was thoroughly thrashed
 +out and the new ruling under which all of the National Agreement
 +clubs operate was adopted. Now it is possible for a player in any
 +of the smaller leagues to be drafted by a major league club, and
 +when the latter party does not care to retain possession of such a
 +player he is first offered to the Class AA clubs. All of these
 +clubs must waive on him before he can be dropped farther down in
 +the list, and if such should be the case he would then be offered
 +to the Class A clubs. In that way the player, although he is not
 +fast enough to remain in the two major leagues, is always given a
 +chance to advance, for if any of the clubs in those classes higher
 +than that from which he came had grabbed him he was bound to
 +receive an increase in salary. That meant that he had his chance to
 +advance, and that was the sole purpose of the National Agreement in
 +drafting such a rule.</​p>​
 +<​p>​During the past drafting season there were sixty-nine players
 +drafted by the two major league clubs, and of that number
 +twenty-seven have already been sent back to the minor leagues. The
 +Class AA and A clubs claimed all of these twenty-seven,​ and it is
 +more than likely that there will also be many more who will be
 +given trials by the big league clubs during the spring training
 +season and who may later be turned back to the minors. Of the
 +twenty-seven players thus far sent back seventeen of them advanced
 +in their profession, a tribute to the sagacity, wisdom and
 +impartiality of the members of the National Commission. The
 +decision, as announced by Chairman Herrmann of the National
 +Commission pertaining to this return of drafted players, is as
 +   ​Clubs. ​  ​| ​  ​League. ​      | Players. |  Drafted ​ |  Drafted By
 +            |                 ​| ​         |   ​From ​   |
 +Louisville ​ |American Asso.   ​|Stansbury |Louisville |St. Louis N.L.
 +Chattanooga |Southern Asso.   ​|Balenti ​  ​|Chattanooga|St. Louis A.L.
 +Sacramento ​ |Pacific Coast    |Berghammer|Lincoln ​   |Chicago N.L.
 +Sacramento ​ |Pacific Coast    |Orr       ​|Sacramento |Phila. A.L.
 +Sacramento ​ |Pacific Coast    |[1]Young ​ |Harrisburg |New York A.L.
 +Sacramento ​ |Pacific Coast    |Drohan ​   |Kewanee ​   |Washington.
 +Indianapolis|American Asso.   ​|Berghammer|Lincoln ​   |Chicago N.L.
 +Indianapolis|American Asso.   ​|Cathers ​  ​|Scranton ​  |St. Louis N.L.
 +Indianapolis|American Asso.   ​|Metz ​     |San Antonio|Boston N.L.
 +Indianapolis|American Asso.   ​|Kernan ​   |Oshkosh ​   |Chicago A.L.
 +New Orleans |Southern Asso.   ​|Bates ​    ​|Newp'​t News|Cleveland.
 +New Orleans |Southern Asso.   ​|Wilson ​   |Knoxville ​ |Cleveland.
 +New Orleans |Southern Asso.   ​|Betts ​    |San Antonio|Cleveland.
 +New Orleans |Southern Asso.   ​|Drohan ​   |Kewanee ​   |Washington.
 +New Orleans |Southern Asso.   ​|Williams ​ |Newark, O  |Washington.
 +Portland ​   |Pacific Coast    |Williams ​ |Newark, O  |Washington.
 +Portland ​   |Pacific Coast    |Drohan ​   |Kewanee ​   |Washington.
 +Portland ​   |Pacific Coast    |Bates. ​   |Newp'​t News|Cleveland.
 +Portland ​   |Pacific Coast    |Grubb ​    ​|Morristown |Cleveland.
 +Portland ​   |Pacific Coast    |Wilson ​   |Knoxville ​ |Cleveland.
 +Portland ​   |Pacific Coast    |Betts ​    |San Antonio|Cleveland.
 +Milwaukee ​  ​|American Asso.   ​|Beall ​    ​|Denver ​    ​|Cleveland.
 +St. Paul    |American Asso.   ​|Berghammer|Lincoln ​   |Chicago N.L.
 +St. Paul    |American Asso.   ​|Miller ​   |Harrisburg |Pittsburgh.
 +St. Paul    |American Asso.   ​|Booe ​     |Ft. Wayne  |Pittsburgh.
 +St. Paul    |American Asso.   ​|House ​    ​|Kewanee ​   |Detroit.
 +St. Paul    |American Asso.   ​|Drohan ​   |Kewanee ​   |Washington.
 +St. Paul    |American Asso.   ​|Beall ​    ​|Denver ​    ​|Cleveland.
 +St. Paul    |American Asso.   ​|Balenti ​  ​|Chattanooga|St. Louis A.L.
 +St. Paul    |American Asso.   ​|Agnew ​    ​|Vernon ​    |St. Louis A.L.
 +Omaha       ​|Western League ​  ​|Wilson ​   |Knoxville ​ |Cleveland.
 +Omaha       ​|Western League ​  ​|Williams ​ |Newark, O  |Washington.
 +Omaha       ​|Western League ​  ​|Betts ​    |San Antonio|Cleveland.
 +Omaha       ​|Western League ​  ​|Drohan ​   |Kewanee ​   |Washington.
 +Buffalo ​    ​|Internat'​l League|Schang ​   |Buffalo ​   |Phila. A.L.
 +Buffalo ​    ​|Internat'​l League|Dolan ​    ​|Rochester ​ |Phila. A.L.
 +Buffalo ​    ​|Internat'​l League|Cottrell ​ |Scranton ​  ​|Chicago N.L.
 +Buffalo ​    ​|Internat'​l League|Clymer ​   |Minneapolis|Chicago N.L.
 +Columbus ​   |American Asso.   ​|Drohan ​   |Kewanee ​   |Washington.
 +Rochester ​  ​|Internat'​l League|Dolan ​    ​|Rochester ​ |Phila. A.L.
 +Montreal ​   |Internat'​l League|Connelly ​ |Montreal ​  ​|Washington.
 +Toledo ​     |American Asso.   ​|Hernden ​  ​|[2] ​       |St. Louis.
 +Toledo ​     |American Asso.   ​|Stevenson |Oshkosh ​   |St. Louis N.L.
 +Toledo ​     |American Asso.   ​|Bates ​    ​|Newp'​t News|Cleveland.
 +Toledo ​     |American Asso.   ​|Wilson ​   |Knoxville ​ |Cleveland.
 +Denver ​     |Western League ​  ​|Heckinger |Racine ​    ​|Chicago N.L.
 +Denver ​     |Western League ​  ​|Drohan ​   |Kewanee ​   |Washington.
 +<p>1: Subject to investigation as to whether New York American
 +League Club has title.</​p>​
 +<p>2: Subject to investigation as to whether St. Louis American or
 +National League Club has title to this player and how secured.</​p>​
 +<​center>​A WORLD'​S SERIES PROBLEM</​center>​
 +<​p>​Much discussion arose after the finish of the last world'​s
 +series as to whether the adjustment of dates had worked
 +satisfactorily. The contention was that playing off a tie game on
 +the ground where the game had been scheduled might work some
 +inconvenience to "​fans"​ and result in an inequitable allotment of
 +dates, simply to conform to custom.</​p>​
 +<p>It was asserted that the importance of the series demanded that
 +it be a home-and-home affair, dates to alternate regularly,
 +regardless of all ties or drawn games. To obtain opinion that is
 +sound and practical the Editor of the GUIDE sent forth the
 +following letter:</​p>​
 +<​p>​NEW YORK, January 31, 1913.</​p>​
 +<​p>​During the recent world'​s series it so happened that a tie was
 +played in one of the cities, which compelled both teams to remain
 +in that city for another date. Before the series was over this
 +arrangement resulted in one club having five games on its home
 +grounds and the other club having but three games on its home
 +<p>It has seemed to some that it is unjust. It is also contended
 +that it is unfair to the patrons of the game to schedule a contest
 +and then not play in the city specified after some had traveled
 +many miles to see it.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Will you please give the GUIDE your opinion as to whether a
 +change would be advisable?</​p>​
 +<​p>​Very truly yours,</​p>​
 +<​p>​JOHN B. FOSTER, <​i>​Editor Spalding'​s Official Base Ball
 +<​p>​Answers were received to the request for a "​symposium of
 +opinion"​ as follows:</​p>​
 +<​p>"​So far as having any effect on the chances of the two teams is
 +concerned, I don't think having to play more games on one ground
 +than on the other makes any material difference. Where cities are
 +sufficiently near each other for games to be alternated daily, it
 +would perhaps be fairer to spectators to do so, irrespective of
 +ties; yet it seems to me that a tie on one grounds should be played
 +off the next day in the same city."</​p>​
 +<​p>​W.B. HANNA, <​i>​New York Sun.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​In my opinion the arrangement on tie games in the post-season
 +contests is a poor one. I saw the result of it in the series
 +between the Cubs and White Sox last fall. Two tie games were played
 +and the confusion and inconvenience it caused the fans was
 +deplorable. It is unjust to the followers who support Base Ball. It
 +is also unjust, in a small way, to the club which has to play two
 +or more games on its opponent'​s field. Players when away from their
 +home grounds, in a fall series, are more or less under a nervous
 +strain. If there was confusion, inconvenience and difficulty in a
 +local series as a result of a tie game, the folly of the
 +arrangement must appear more absurd when towns like New York and
 +Boston are involved. Dates should alternate, tie or not tie."</​p>​
 +<​p>​OSCAR C. REICHOW, <​i>​Chicago Daily News.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​We are in receipt of your favor of the 31st nlt., and wish to
 +thank you for the opportunity presented.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​It is our opinion that a tie game was played and it should be
 +considered as a game. Either side had an opportunity to win and any
 +advantage that the home club might have had was lost when it failed
 +to break the tie.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​It is, therefore, our belief that this game should have been
 +played in the other city.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​As to it being unfair to the patrons who had traveled so far to
 +see the scheduled contest, there is no doubt that they were
 +afforded a sufficient amount of amusement and excitement for their
 +trouble, in witnessing a closely played contest."</​p>​
 +<p>J. G. T. SPINK, <​i>​St. Louis Sporting News.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​It seems to me that the game should be alternated between the
 +contending cities regardless of ties. The tie game gave Boston five
 +games on the home grounds, while the Giants had only three.
 +Besides, many persons, who traveled to see the games in New York,
 +were inconvenienced."</​p>​
 +<​p>​JOHN E. WHEELER, <​i>​New York Herald.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​I think that the scheduled programme should be played through
 +irrespective of the results of the respective games, and any extra
 +playing or playing-off should be done after the originally set
 +schedule is completed."</​p>​
 +<p>H. P. BORCHELL, <​i>​Sports Editor New York Times.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​I believe it would be inadvisable to change the method that now
 +prevails. While the situation which arose last season did seem
 +unjust to the New York club, I think the very fact that Boston had
 +five games on its home grounds, and the Giants but three on their
 +own diamond, was an answer to those ill-advised skeptics who are
 +always ready to raise the cry of hippodroming.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​That same situation is not likely to again arise for a long
 +time, and I believe the rule as it stands is a guarantee to the
 +public of the strict honesty of the world'​s championship
 +<​p>​DAMON RUNYON, <​i>​The New York American.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​A change in the rules regarding world series games would he
 +fairer to the patrons of the sport. Here in Chicago this past fall
 +two ties were played and, as a result, there was considerable
 +confusion over the ticket arrangements. How much more is the case
 +when two cities are involved? A condition which allows five games
 +to be played in one city and only three in another is scarcely fair
 +to the two teams. By making a schedule calling for alternate games
 +in each city, irrespective of ties, everybody&​mdash;​fans and
 +players&​mdash;​would get an even break."</​p>​
 +<​p>​MALCOLM MACLEAN, <​i>​Base Ball Editor Chicago Evening
 +<​p>"​I think it might be fairer to both world'​s series contenders to
 +play a regular schedule, regardless of the fact that any tie games
 +may arise in the series. Under the old system of playing the tie
 +off in the city where the tie game is played, it brings about a
 +great deal of confusion. Many fans make arrangements to see a game
 +on a certain day and are greatly disappointed when the game is
 +played in a different city. Of course, the old rule of playing the
 +play-off game on the same grounds as the tie game, is fair to both
 +contesting clubs, as it is merely a matter of chance where a tie
 +game is played."</​p>​
 +<​p>​FRED. G. LIEB, <​i>​New York Press.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​The rules regarding the manner of scheduling games for the
 +world'​s series should not be changed. There are times when they
 +apparently work a hardship to one team or the followers of one
 +club, but, after all, they help to throw the necessary safeguards
 +around the contests. As for the argument for not playing off a tie
 +game on the same grounds, thus disarranging the dates and
 +inconveniencing the fans, patrons of the world'​s series games are
 +accustomed to this, since bad weather frequently cuts into the
 +event and causes postponements.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​In a way it does not appear fair that one club should have the
 +privilege of playing five games at home to three games at home for
 +its opponents. The rule of playing off a tie game on the same
 +grounds is a fixture in Base Ball. As to the other game, this was a
 +question of the luck of the toss of the coin.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​The fans have to trust to luck as to the number of games they
 +will see in a world'​s series, this depending upon the number of
 +games played and possibly upon the toss for a seventh battle. In
 +1905 the fans of Philadelphia saw only two games in a world'​s
 +series with New York. In 1910 only two games were played here in
 +the series with Chicago.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​Any time a club has three games on its own grounds in a series
 +where four victories decide the issue either it or its followers
 +have not much chance to raise an objection."</​p>​
 +<​p>​WILLIAM G. WEART, <​i>​The Evening Telegraph.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​It was, of course, to the disadvantage of the Giants to be
 +obliged to play five of the eight games in the post-season series
 +last fall on the grounds of their opponents, but this came as a
 +result of one tie game on the Boston grounds and being outlucked on
 +the toss to determine where the deciding game should be played.
 +This tie game unquestionably caused much inconvenience to patrons
 +because of the change in the schedule made necessary because of
 +<​p>"​It is not clear to me, however, just now these things can be
 +remedied without disturbing the balance of an even break for both
 +teams more violently than was the case last fall.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​I do not believe there will be another series just like the one
 +of 1912, and so, in my opinion, an immediate change in the
 +conditions governing these series would not be advisable. It is not
 +clear to me just what changes could be made. One club or the other
 +is bound to have the advantage of an extra game on its own grounds,
 +providing seven games are necessary. The championship in nine out
 +of ten contests will be decided in seven games or less.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​Then,​ as to having the games played according to an arbitrarily
 +fixed schedule, so as not to inconvenience patrons&​mdash;​that would
 +be out of the question, being open to the objection that it would
 +then be possible to have every game that figures in the result of
 +the series played on the home grounds of one of the contestants.
 +For instance, tie games or unfavorable weather which would prevent
 +a game being played in one city, would throw all the games to the
 +other city where there might be no tie games nor unfavorable
 +weather. That would mean four straight, if it so happened that the
 +home team won the games, and the loser would never have gotten
 +action on its own grounds. That would be considerably worse than
 +five to three.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​So it looks to me as if the patrons would have to take their
 +chances in the future as they have in the past."</​p>​
 +<​p>​JAMES C. O'​LEABT,​ <​i>​Boston Globe.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​It seems to me that it would be better to alternate (in case of
 +a tie), as a team able to tie its opponent on a hostile field would
 +be entitled to consideration for this performance. I am very
 +certain, however, that the players of both clubs in the recent
 +world'​s series were satisfied with an arrangement which minimized
 +the amount of traveling they were called upon to do.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​Persons who had seen a five-inning tie game terminated by rain
 +would hardly be satisfied. It seems to me that the rule as to
 +alternating ball parks should be applied strictly, but only in case
 +the tie game involved went nine innings or more."</​p>​
 +<​p>​FRANCIS EATON, <​i>​Sports Editor Boston Journal.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​To me the feasible thing to do appears to be to insert a clause
 +in stipulations covering all short series of a special character,
 +such as intercity, inter-league and world'​s series, making it
 +compulsory for the teams to alternate between the cities or grounds
 +of the competing clubs."</​p>​
 +<​p>​PURVES T. KNOX, <​i>​New York Evening Telegram.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​Why wouldn'​t it be a good scheme to toss up for the deciding
 +game only in cases where an equal number of games had been played
 +in each city, and, in cases where one city had seen more games than
 +the other, to play the deciding game in the city which had seen the
 +fewer games?</​p>​
 +<​p>"​I do not believe it advisable to change the commission'​s rule
 +regarding postponed games. The rule now provides that, in case of a
 +postponement,​ the clubs shall remain in the city in which the game
 +was scheduled until it is possible to play. If this rule were
 +changed and there happened to be a week of bad weather, as in 1911,
 +the teams and many fans might be forced to travel back and forth
 +from one town to another for a week without participating in or
 +seeing a single game; and it might happen some time that the jump
 +would be between St. Louis and Boston."</​p>​
 +<p>R. W. LARDNER, <​i>​Chicago Examiner.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​A change in the rule governing the playing-off of tie games in
 +the world'​s series should be made. The teams ought to appear in
 +each city on the dates named in the schedule drawn up before the
 +series starts, unless the weather interferes."</​p>​
 +<​p>​WILLIAM H. WRIGHT, <​i>​New York Tribune.</​i></​p>​
 +<​p>"​Drawn games are as unavoidable as rainy days in world'​s series,
 +but not as frequent. They operate the same in their effect on the
 +contest for the world'​s pennant and in causing confusion among the
 +patrons by disarranging the schedule. It would be manifestly unjust
 +if, after a rain postponement,​ the competing teams did not remain
 +and play the game off before playing elsewhere. That might result
 +in playing all of the games in one city. Since drawn games are
 +treated like postponed games in the regular season, and are of
 +infrequent occurrence in world'​s series, any other arrangement than
 +the present does not seem advisable. The patrons, who should be
 +considered always, would be among the first to object if each team
 +did not have an equal show to win. In the last series only four
 +games that counted were played in Boston and three in New York and
 +if New York had won the toss for the deciding game the situation
 +would have been reversed. It would be manifestly fairer to play the
 +seventh game if necessary in some neutral city."</​p>​
 +<p>L. E. SANBORN, <​i>​Chicago Tribune.</​i></​p>​
 +<a name="​RULE4_3"><​!-- RULE4 3 --></​a>​
 +<​center>​BY JOHN B. FOSTER.</​center>​
 +<​p>​Not for some time has there been such a turning over of the
 +leaves of history in the National League as during 1912-13, and
 +because of this there are many new faces peering out of the album.
 +There have also been changes in the minor circuits and one
 +prominent change in the American League.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The death of John T. Brush removed from Base Ball a dean of the
 +National League. Wise in the lore of the game, a man more of the
 +future than of the present, as he always foresaw that which some of
 +his contemporaries were less alert in perceiving, it meant no easy
 +task to be his successor.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Prior to the death of Mr. Brush there was a great deal of
 +curious and some idle speculation as to his ultimate successor in
 +case of decease, or, in the event of his retirement because of
 +bodily weariness. One or two went so far as to say that upon his
 +death Andrew Freedman would return to prominence in Base Ball,
 +because he was the real owner of the New York club. Once and for
 +all the writer would like to put the personal stamp of absolute
 +denial on the repeated statements made by certain individuals in
 +New York and Chicago that Andrew Freedman retained the control of
 +the New York club after John T. Brush was reported to have
 +purchased it.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Mr. Freedman retained nothing of the kind. Not that Mr. Brush
 +objected to him as a partner, but when Mr. Brush purchased the
 +stock he purchased the control outright, although he did request
 +Mr. Freedman to hold a few shares and not give up his personal
 +interest in Base Ball, for Mr. Freedman had a great liking for the
 +game in spite of his stormy career. The assertions that Mr.
 +Freedman was the real owner and Mr. Brush the nominal owner were
 +made with malicious intent, of which the writer has proof, and
 +through a desire, if possible, to combat the popularity and the
 +success of the Giants.</​p>​
 +<​p>​This digression has been made to call attention to the fact that
 +while rumor was plentiful as to the future control of the Giants
 +Mr. Brush was carefully "​grooming"​ a young man&​mdash;​his
 +son-in-law, Mr. H. Hempstead&​mdash;​to take his place.</​p>​
 +<p>To a few it was known that Mr. Hempstead was acquiring such
 +experience and information as would be necessary to assume the
 +control of an undertaking which has grown so big as the
 +organization of the Giants in New York. The business details of the
 +club have quadrupled and the cares and anxieties of the man at the
 +head have increased in proportion.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Giants, as successful as they have been under the control of
 +John T. Brush and John J. McGraw, the men who have been the
 +executive heads in both the business and the playing departments of
 +the game, are as susceptible to reverses as if they were the
 +lowliest club in the organization. It is only by constant and
 +severe application that the club's affairs may be kept at the best
 +<​p>​Mr. Hempstead brings to Base Ball the advantage of youth, a keen
 +business sagacity developed beyond his years, coolness, a
 +disposition that is sunny and not easily ruffled, and a reputation
 +for unvarying fairness and the highest type of business and sport
 +ideals. Quite a list of qualities, but they are there.</​p>​
 +<p>If characteristics of that description fail to maintain the high
 +standard of the New York club, then it will be due to the fact that
 +our standards of business deportment have turned topsy-turvy.</​p>​
 +<​p>​William H. Locke is the new president and part owner of the
 +Philadelphia club. He and Mr. Hempstead are the "​junior"​ presidents
 +of the league. There is no necessity for the Editor of the GUIDE to
 +enter into any long and fulsome praise as to William H. Locke.</​p>​
 +<​p>​His career speaks for itself and he speaks for himself. A young
 +man of the finest attributes, he has brought nothing to the mill of
 +Base Ball to grind except that which was the finest and the
 +cleanest grain.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The writer has known Mr. Locke almost, it seems, from boyhood
 +and esteems him for his worth, not only as one who has administered
 +the affairs of Base Ball with skill and intelligence,​ but as one
 +who wrote of Base Ball with understanding and excellent taste, for
 +it must not be forgotten that Mr. Locke is a newspaper graduate
 +into the ranks of the great sport the affairs of which fill a
 +little corner of the hearts of so many of America'​s citizens.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Perhaps no young man ever left a newspaper office to become a
 +Base Ball president with more good wishes behind him than William
 +H. Locke. He served his apprenticeship as secretary of the
 +Pittsburgh club and he served it well. He is a high class,
 +delightful young man, every inch of him, and Philadelphia will soon
 +become as proud of him as Pittsburgh is now.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Still another newspaper writer has been claimed from the desk by
 +the National League. He is Herman Nickerson, formerly sporting
 +editor of the Boston Journal, who is now the secretary of the
 +Boston National League club.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​Nick"​ is known from one end of the National League circuit to
 +the other as one of the most solid and substantial of the writing
 +force, and also as one of the most demure and modest. In addition
 +to his great fund of information on Base Ball topics he is an
 +author, and "The Sword of Bussy,"​ a book which was published during
 +the winter, is even more clever than some of the author'​s best Base
 +Ball yarns, and that is saying a great deal in behalf of a man
 +wedded to Base Ball.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Another change in the National League was the selection of Frank
 +M. Stevens of New York, as one of the Board of Directors of the New
 +York National League club.</​p>​
 +<​p>​This brings into Base Ball one of New York's cleverest and
 +brightest young business men, one who is forging so rapidly to the
 +front in business circles in the big metropolis that many an older
 +head goes to him for advice. Mr. Stevens knows a lot about Base
 +Ball, which is of even greater importance in the game, and is not
 +afraid to swing any venture that will put with fairness a
 +championship team into the big city. He is a son of Harry M.
 +Stevens, whom everybody knows, rich and poor alike.</​p>​
 +<p>In the American League the death of Mr. Thomas D. Noyes,
 +president of the Washington club, a young man who left behind
 +naught but friends, left a vacancy in the organization which was
 +filled by the selection of Mr. Benjamin S. Minor.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The new president of the club has had practical experience in
 +Base Ball and perhaps plenty of it, as almost everybody has had in
 +Washington, but he is a wideawake, progressive and ambitious man,
 +who is of just the type to keep Base Ball going, now that it has
 +struck its gait in the national capital, and the future of the
 +sport looks all the brighter for his connection with it.</​p>​
 +<a name="​RULE4_4"><​!-- RULE4 4 --></​a>​
 +<​h2>​THE UMPIRES</​h2>​
 +<​p>​The umpires are always with us, and the umpire problem has been
 +a vexation of Base Ball since the beginning of Base Ball time, yet
 +neither the umpires, the public, the club owners nor the league
 +officials need be discouraged,​ for it was fully proved in 1912 that
 +umpiring, as a fine art, has advanced a step nearer perfection. We
 +may well doubt that perfection in its every quality shall ever be
 +achieved, but we may all feel sanguine that it is possible to
 +realize better results.</​p>​
 +<p>It is true that some men make better umpires than others,
 +exactly as some men make better ball players than others, but it is
 +also true that if the men who find it the hardest task to become
 +the most expert umpires would be given a little more encouragement
 +they might be a little more successful.</​p>​
 +<p>To the staff of umpires of the National League and the American
 +League it is but fair to render a compliment for their work of last
 +season. Some of them made mistakes but the general average of work
 +on the part of the judges of play was excellent.</​p>​
 +<​p>​There was less tendency on the part of the umpires to render
 +their decisions without being in a position to follow the play
 +correctly. They were occasionally willing to concede that they
 +might have been wrong when an analysis of the play was brought to
 +their attention and they were firm in asserting discipline without
 +becoming overheated on their own account.</​p>​
 +<p>To the mind of the Editor of the GUIDE, in the general light of
 +observation,​ the most serious blunders committed by the umpires in
 +1912 were in making decisions before the play took place. This did
 +happen and more than once. To illustrate, by an example, the Editor
 +of the GUIDE had exhibited to him some photographs taken during
 +1912 in which a player had been "waved out" before he actually had
 +arrived at the base. Granting the desire of the umpires to be alert
 +and ready to render decisions promptly, it is equally apparent that
 +giving decisions in advance of the completion of plays is likely to
 +imbue the spectators with an idea that the umpire is either
 +partisan or incompetent.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Young umpires, in their haste to "make good" in the major
 +leagues, are apt to overdo rather than fail to be on time.</​p>​
 +<​p>​While it is not a pleasant subject to discuss, it is a fact that
 +some umpires had been accustomed to use the very language to
 +players on the field that they were presumed in their official
 +capacity as umpires to correct. The writer knows of instances where
 +this took place.</​p>​
 +<p>It has ever been the policy of the GUIDE to stand for clean and
 +high class Base Ball. Twenty per cent. more women attend ball games
 +now than did ten years ago. Eighty per cent. more women spectators
 +are likely to attend five years from now. To encourage their
 +attendance every effort should be made to eliminate all disgraceful
 +conversation on the field. Wherever it may be ascertained that an
 +umpire has used profane or vulgar language on the field the editor
 +of the GUIDE believes that he should be fined and punished as
 +sternly as an offending player.</​p>​
 +<p>It is contended that the position of the umpire has been
 +rendered more arduous by reason of the world'​s series. The argument
 +is advanced that the players are more intractable,​ by reason of
 +their eagerness to play in the post-season games. That argument
 +would be stronger were it not for the fact that some of the worst
 +disturbances emanate from the players of the clubs that have no
 +chance to play in the world'​s series.</​p>​
 +<p>As a general rule two good reasons may be advanced for disputes
 +on the part of players.</​p>​
 +<​p>​First:​ Desire to "cover up" the player'​s own blunder.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Second:​ General "​cussedness."</​p>​
 +<​p>​There are players who make honest objection on the excitement of
 +the moment from sheer desire to win, but their lapses from Base
 +Ball etiquette are so few and far between that their transgressions
 +usually may be forgiven with some grace.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Editor of the GUIDE would offer one suggestion to league
 +presidents and umpires; it is this: whenever two possible plays
 +occur in conjunction,​ instruct the chief umpire always to turn to
 +the spectators and inform them which player is out.</​p>​
 +<​p>​For instance, if a player is at bat and another on the bases and
 +two are out and an attempt is made to steal second, as the chief
 +umpire calls the batter out on strikes the public should be clearly
 +informed that the batter is out. If the play looks close at second
 +base the crowd frequently believes the runner has been called out
 +and resents it accordingly. In line with the same play, when the
 +runner is called out and the fourth ball at the same time is called
 +on the batter, the chief umpire should turn to the spectators and
 +to the press box and make it clearly understood that the batter has
 +been given a base on balls. It saves a great deal of annoyance and
 +fault finding.</​p>​
 +<p>By the way, although it has been said elsewhere, the Editor of
 +the GUIDE would beg the indulgence of repetition by stating that
 +the work of the umpires during the world'​s series of 1912 was one
 +of the finest exhibitions of its kind ever seen on a ball field,
 +and somehow it seemed as if the players, would they but deport
 +themselves during all series as they did during the world'​s series
 +might find that there are more good umpires in the world after all
 +than bad ones.</​p>​
 +<a name="​RULE4_5"><​!-- RULE4 5 --></​a>​
 +<​p>​While the Base Ball writers of the cities which comprise the
 +Southern Association have no organized membership similar to the
 +Base Ball Writers'​ Association of the major leagues and the
 +organizations which are best known as the class AA leagues, they
 +are a clever, hard-working group of young men, who have labored in
 +season and out of season, not only to build up Base Ball but to
 +build it up on the right lines.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Experience of more than a quarter of a century has most
 +abundantly proved that the standard of Base Ball has steadily been
 +elevated. It needs no compilation of fact nor any dogmatic
 +assertion on the part of the Editor of the GUIDE to attest that
 +fact. It is a present condition which speaks for itself. The
 +general tone of the players is far higher than it was and there has
 +come into evidence a marked improvement in the spirit of the men
 +who own Base Ball clubs. In the earlier history of the sport there
 +was a tendency to win by any means that did not actually cross the
 +line of dishonesty. Later there came a season when the commercial
 +end of the game tended to encroach upon the limits of the pastime.
 +This has been repressed in the last two seasons and to-day the
 +morale of Base Ball is of a higher type than it ever has been in
 +the history of the pastime.</​p>​
 +<p>It is a high class sport in the main, managed by high class, men
 +for high class purposes.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Going through the early stages of building up a successful
 +league, which, by the way, is the severest of all tasks, and even
 +now at intervals confronted with changes in the league circuit, the
 +Southern writers have steadily been sowing the seeds of high class
 +Base Ball and they have seen results prior to this date, for Base
 +Ball has become popular and has been handsomely and loyally
 +supported in sections in which fifteen years ago it would have been
 +considered impossible to achieve such results.</​p>​
 +<p>It is true that business reverses and adverse conditions have
 +had at times their effect upon Base Ball in the South and possibly
 +may produce similar results again, but the admirable offset to this
 +fact is that none of these conditions at any time has daunted the
 +spirit and the resolution of the young men who have zealously been
 +preaching the cause of clean and healthy Base Ball.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Very likely to their zeal, their courage, their tact and their
 +ability it is possible to ascribe the increase in good ball players
 +which is making itself manifest in the South. More high class and
 +attractive athletes are coming from the Southern states in these
 +days than ever was the case before. Base Ball is very glad to have
 +them. When a representative major league team is made up of players
 +who represent every section in the Union, engaged for their skill,
 +it seems as if Base Ball has become nearer an ideal and a national
 +pastime than ever before in the history of the sport.</​p>​
 +<p>To the Southern writers the members of the Base Ball Writers
 +Association and those of the organizations patterned on like lines
 +send greeting.</​p>​
 +<a name="​RULE4_6"><​!-- RULE4 6 --></​a>​
 +<​h2>​BASE BALL WORTH WHILE?</​h2>​
 +<​p>​One of the foremost divines in the East who has a deep concern
 +in Base Ball and Base Ball players is Rev. Dr. Reisner, pastor of
 +the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, of New York City. Throughout
 +the season he attends the games and is greatly interested in the
 +work of the players. He knows Base Ball well, and in addition to
 +that he knows the environment of Base Ball players and their
 +character and endeavor as well as any person in the United
 +<p>It is Dr. Reisner'​s custom each year to preach a sermon to the
 +Base Ball players and their friends in his church in New York, and
 +the building always is filled to listen to his discourse. In view
 +of the interest which he takes in the national game and because of
 +his excellent knowledge as to the general details of the sport, the
 +Editor of the GUIDE asked him to say a few words to the ball
 +players of the United States through the medium of this
 +publication,​ and he has graciously consented to do so in the
 +following pithy and straightforward talks:</​p>​
 +<​center>​BY THE REV. CHRISTIAN F. REISNER, NEW YORK.</​center>​
 +<​p>​The Bible is the Spalding book of rules for the game of life.
 +James B. Sullivan, beloved by all athletes, gave me these rules for
 +athletes: "​Don'​t drink, use tobacco or dissipate. Go to bed early
 +and eat wholesome food!" The boozer gets out of the game as
 +certainly as the bonehead.</​p>​
 +<p>I have interviewed scores of the most noted players. Every one
 +had a religious training. Many are church members. All avoid
 +old-time drinking, as our fathers did smallpox.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Mathewson belongs to the high type now being generally
 +duplicated. He is a modern masculine Christian. Base Ball demands
 +brains as well as brawn. Minds muddled by licentiousness and liquor
 +are too "​leady"​ for leaders. Hotheadedness topples capable
 +<p>I am proud to style scores of Base Ball players, I know, as
 +gentlemen. They are optimists. Defect is unrecognized. Team work
 +makes them brotherly. Bickerings break a Baseballist. Every member
 +of the team gives himself wholly to the game. Jeers are as harmless
 +as cheers.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Every minute he does his best. He sleeps only at night. To do
 +these things the player must follow Bible rules. If he keeps it up
 +life's success is certain. Governor Tener and Senator Gorman proved
 +it. No wonder "​Billy"​ Sunday wrote me "I would not take a million
 +dollars for my experience on the ball field."</​p>​
 +<p>It taught him how to knock the Devil out of the box.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Base Ball is invaluable to America. It thrills and so rests
 +tired nerves. It brings the "​shut-in"​ man into God's healing
 +out-o'​-doors. While yelling he swallows great draughts of
 +lung-expanding,​ purifying air and forgets the fear of "​taking
 +<p>He is pulled out of self-centeredness,​ while shouting for
 +another. He stands crowd jostling good-naturedly or gets his
 +cussedness squeezed out. He chums up with any one with easy
 +comments and so gets out of his shell and melts again into a real
 +<​p>​Base Ball absolutely pulls the brain away from business. It
 +emphasizes the value of decency and gives healthy and high toned
 +recreation to millions. If kept clean its good-doing cannot be
 +measured. Nothing is worth while that does not do that.</​p>​
 +<a name="​RULE4_7"><​!-- RULE4 7 --></​a>​
 +<​p>​(From Spalding'​s Official Base Ball Record.)</​p>​
 +<​p>​New faces enter into the Spalding Base Ball "Hall of Fame" this
 +year. The object of this "Hall of Fame" is not necessarily to
 +portray the very top men of each department of the national game,
 +for it frequently happens in these days, when players take part in
 +only a few innings now and then, that they become entitled to
 +mention in the records, although they do not bear the real brunt of
 +the work.</​p>​
 +<p>In the "Hall of Fame" will be found the men who might well be
 +termed the "​regulars."​ Day in and day out they were on the diamond,
 +or ready to take their place on the diamond, if they were not
 +<​center>​NATIONAL LEAGUE.</​center>​
 +<​p>​First of all, Daubert has earned his place at first base for the
 +season of 1912. Threatening in other years to become one of the
 +group of leading players, he performed so well in the season past
 +that there is no doubt as to his right.</​p>​
 +<​p>​There is a new player at second base. The regularity with which
 +Egan of Cincinnati performed for the Reds earned him a place as the
 +banner second baseman.</​p>​
 +<p>At third base the honor goes to J.R. Lobert, the third baseman
 +of the Philadelphia club. In this particular instance Lobert was
 +crowded, not for efficiency, but in the number of games played by
 +Byrne, third baseman of Pittsburgh, and Herzog, third baseman of
 +New York. In the matter of chances undertaken on the field, Herzog
 +surpassed both Lobert and Byrne, but, in justice to Lobert, the
 +honor seems to be fairly deserved by him.</​p>​
 +<​p>​John H. Wagner, the brilliant veteran of the Pittsburgh club,
 +fought his way to the position of shortstop in 1912. His fielding
 +was better than that of his rivals and at times he played the
 +position as only a man of his sterling worth can play.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Owing to the fact that the able secretary of the National
 +League, John A. Heydler, has compiled two methods of comparing
 +pitchers, the "Hall of Fame" in the National League this year will
 +include two faces. They are those of Hendrix of the Pittsburgh club
 +and Tesreau of the New York club. The former won the greater
 +percentage of games under the old rule in vogue of allotting
 +percentage upon victories. Tesreau, however, under a new rule which
 +classifies pitchers by earned runs, easily led the league. The
 +editor of the RECORD is very much inclined toward Mr. Heydler'​s
 +earned run record; in fact, has suggested a record based upon the
 +construction of making every pitcher responsible for runs and
 +computing his average upon the percentage of runs for which he is
 +responsible. That places Tesreau in the front row, with Mathewson
 +<​p>​There are two catchers who run a close race for the "Hall of
 +Fame" in 1912. They are Meyers of New York and Gibson of
 +Pittsburgh. Meyers caught by far the larger number of games, and,
 +basing the work of catcher upon the average chances per game, seems
 +to lead his Pittsburgh rival. Both men are sterling performers, and
 +Meyers is an instance of the greatest improvement on the part of a
 +catcher of any member of the major leagues.</​p>​
 +<​p>​For the position of leading outfielder, all things considered,
 +Carey of Pittsburgh is selected for the "Hall of Fame." Not only
 +did he play in the greatest number of games of any outfielder, but
 +his general work in the outfield was sensational.</​p>​
 +<​p>​For the position of leading batsman the "Hall of Fame" honors
 +Zimmerman, the powerful batter of the Chicago club. His work with
 +the bat in 1912 approached in many ways that of the high class and
 +powerful batters of old. He batted steadily, with the exception of
 +one very slight slump, and his work as batter undoubtedly was of
 +tremendous assistance to Chicago. Zimmerman did not shine alone as
 +the best batter, as he was also the leading maker of home runs and
 +the best two-base hitter of the season. That gives him a triple
 +<​p>​The best three-base hitter of the league was the quiet Wilson of
 +Pittsburgh. Though not so high in rank as a batsman as some of his
 +contemporaries,​ there was none in the organization who could equal
 +his ability to get to third base on long hits.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Bescher,​ as in 1911, earned in 1912 the position of leading base
 +runner in the National League. He stole more bases than any other
 +player of the league, and was also the best run getter&​mdash;​that
 +is to say, scored more runs than any other player.</​p>​
 +<​center>​AMERICAN LEAGUE.</​center>​
 +<​p>​First of all comes Gandil for first base. His greater number of
 +games played and his steady work at first almost all of the season,
 +as he did not join the Washingtons at the beginning of the season,
 +places him in the "Hall of Fame" at first base.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Rath is a newcomer to the Chicago club, but by all around good
 +work he earned the place at second base. Not so heavy a batter as
 +some of his rivals, he covered a great amount of ground for the
 +Chicagos and steadied the infield throughout the year.</​p>​
 +<​p>​For the position of shortstop, McBride of Washington is the
 +logical selection. Day in and day out he was one of the most
 +reliable shortstops in the American League.</​p>​
 +<p>At third base John Turner of the Cleveland club retains the
 +honor which he earned for himself in 1911, and he is one of the few
 +players who is a member of the "Hall of Fame" two years in
 +<p>In the outfield, for all around work, the place of honor goes to
 +Amos Strunk, the young player of the Philadelphia club. He was in
 +center field and in left field, and he was a busy young man for
 +most of the year.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Pitching at a standard higher than the American League had seen
 +for years, Wood of Boston is given the "Hall of Fame" honor as
 +pitcher. His average of winning games was very high, and he was
 +compelled to fight hard for many of his victories.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The man who caught him seems entitled to be considered the
 +leading catcher. He is Cady of Boston, although for hard work
 +Carrigan, also of Boston, gives him a close race.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Once more Cobb is the leading batsman of the American League.
 +There was none to dispute his right to the title. He was also
 +leading batsman in 1911 and is another American League player who
 +holds a position in the "​Hall"​ two years in succession.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The leading home run batter of the American League was Baker of
 +Philadelphia. He earned the same title in 1911. It is a double
 +"Hall of Fame" distinction for him.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Jackson of Cleveland enters the "Hall of Fame" by being the
 +leading batter for three-base hits.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Speaker of Boston becomes a member of the high honor group by
 +being the leading batter of two-base hits.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Lewis of Boston is the leading batter of sacrifice hits.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Collins of Philadelphia was the best run getter.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Last,​ but by no means least, of all, Milan, the clever
 +outfielder of Washington, is the best base stealer of the year, and
 +better than all the rest, earns his distinction in joining the
 +"Hall of Fame" by establishing a new record of stolen bases.</​p>​
 +<a name="​RULE4_8"><​!-- RULE4 8 --></​a>​
 +<​center>​BY JOHN B. FOSTER.</​center>​
 +<​p>​John Tomlinson Brush was born in Clintonville,​ N.Y., on June 15,
 +1845. He died November 26, 1912, near St. Charles, Mo., on his way
 +to California from New York, for his health. Left an orphan at the
 +age of four years, he went to live at the home of his grandfather,​
 +in Hopkinton, where he remained until he was seventeen years old.
 +At this age he left school and went to Boston, where he obtained a
 +position in a clothing establishment,​ a business with which he was
 +identified up to his death. He worked as a clerk in several cities
 +in the East, and finally went to Indianapolis in 1875 to open a
 +clothing store. The store still occupies the same building, and Mr.
 +Brush continued at the head of the business until his death. It was
 +in the early '80s that he first became interested in Base Ball in
 +Indianapolis,​ and he made himself both wealthy and famous as a
 +<p>In 1863 Mr. Brush enlisted in the First New York Artillery, and
 +served as a member of this body until it was discharged, at the
 +close of the civil war. He was a charter member of George H. Thomas
 +Post, G.A.R.; a thirty-third degree Scottish Rite Mason, and was
 +also prominently identified with several social and commercial
 +organizations of Indianapolis,​ notably the Columbia Club,
 +Commercial Club, Board of Trade, and the Mannerchor Society. In New
 +York Mr. Brush took up membership in the Lambs' Club and the
 +Larchmont Club. For several years he made his headquarters at the
 +Lambs' Club.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Mr. Brush is survived by his widow, Mrs. Elsie Lombard Brush,
 +and two daughters, Miss Natalie Brush and Mrs. Harry N. Hempstead.
 +His first wife, Mrs. Agnes Ewart Brush, died in 1888.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Mr. Brush'​s career in Base Ball, a sport to which he was
 +devotedly attached, and for which he had the highest ideals and
 +aims, began with the Indianapolis club of the National League.</​p>​
 +<p>It has been somewhat inaccurately stated that he entered Base
 +Ball by chance. This was not, strictly speaking, the case. Prior to
 +his first immediate association with the national game he was an
 +ardent admirer of the sport, although not connected with it in any
 +capacity as owner. He was what might be called, with accurate
 +description,​ a Base Ball "​fan"​ in the earlier stages of
 +<p>An opportunity presented itself by which it was possible to
 +procure for the city of Indianapolis a franchise in the National
 +League. Mr. Brush was quick to perceive the advantages which this
 +might have in an advertising way for the city with which he had
 +cast his lot and subscribed to the stock.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Like many such adventures in the early history of the sport
 +there came a time when the cares and the duties of the club had to
 +be assumed by a single individual and it was then that he became
 +actively identified as a managing owner, as the duty of caring for
 +the club fell upon his shoulders.</​p>​
 +<​p>​From that date, until the date of his death, he was actively
 +interested in every detail relating to Base Ball which might
 +pertain to the advancement of the sport, and his principal effort
 +in his future participation in the game was to see that it advanced
 +on the lines of the strictest integrity and in such a manner that
 +its foundation should be laid in the rock of permanent success.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Naturally this was bound to bring him into conflict with some
 +who looked upon Base Ball as an idle pastime, in which only the
 +present moment was to be consulted.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The earliest environment of Base Ball was not wholly of a
 +substantial nature. It was a game, intrinsically good of itself, in
 +which the hazards had always been against the weak. There was not
 +that consideration of equity which would have been for its best
 +interests, but this was not entirely the fault of the separate
 +members of the Base Ball body, but the result of conditions, in
 +which those whose thought was only for the moment, overshadowed the
 +best interests of the pastime.</​p>​
 +<​p>​There was an inequity in regulations governing the sport by
 +which the clubs in the smaller cities were forced, against the will
 +of their owners, to be the weaker organizations,​ and possibly this
 +was less due to a desire upon the more fortunate and larger clubs
 +to maintain such a state of affairs, than to the fact that the
 +organization generally had expanded upon lines with little regard
 +to the future.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The first general complaint arose from the players who composed
 +the membership of the smaller clubs. They demurred at the fact that
 +they were asked to perform equally as well as the players of the
 +clubs in the larger cities at smaller salaries. Not that they did
 +not try to do their best, for this they stoutly attempted under all
 +conditions. It was the effect of a discrimination which was the
 +result of the imperfect regulations that existed relative to the
 +management of the game.</​p>​
 +<​p>​This attitude of the players resulted at length in the formation
 +of a body known as the Brotherhood. To offset not the Brotherhood,​
 +but the cause which led to its formation, Mr. Brush devised the
 +famous classification plan. Imperfectly understood in what it
 +intended to do for the players, it was seized upon as a reason for
 +the revolt of the players and the organization of the Brotherhood
 +<p>At heart it was the idea of Mr. Brush so to equalize salaries
 +that the players of all clubs should be reimbursed in an equitable
 +manner. As always had been the case, and probably always is likely
 +to be, the players who received the larger salaries were in no mood
 +to share with their weaker brothers any excess margin of pay which
 +they thought that they had justly earned, and it was not a
 +difficult matter for them to obtain the consent of players who
 +might really have benefited by the plan to co-operate with them on
 +the basis of comradeship.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The motives of Mr. Brush were thoroughly misconstrued by some,
 +and, if grasped by others, they were disregarded,​ because they
 +conflicted with their immediate temporary prosperity.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The dead Base Ball organizer had looked further ahead than his
 +time. His plan was born under the best of intentions, but it
 +unfortunately devolved upon the theory that players would be
 +willing to share alike for their common good. Later in life,
 +through another and unquestionably even better method, he succeeded
 +in bringing forth a plan which attained the very end for which he
 +sought in the '80s, but in the second resort, by a far more
 +efficacious method.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Brotherhood League came into existence and rivaled the
 +National League. The players of the National League and the
 +American Association deserted to join the Brotherhood League, upon
 +a platform that promised Utopia in Base Ball. Unquestionably it was
 +the idea of the general Brotherhood organization that the National
 +League would abandon the fight and succumb, but the National League
 +owners were built of sterner stuff.</​p>​
 +<​p>​They fought back resolutely and hard and while for a time they
 +were combated by a fickle opinion, based upon sentiment, it
 +developed within two months that the public had learned thoroughly
 +the reasons for the organization of the new league and declined to
 +lend it that support which had been predicted and expected.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Meanwhile,​ Base Ball had received a setback greater than any
 +which had befallen the sport in an organized sense from a
 +professional standpoint.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Brotherhood League was a pronounced and emphatic failure.
 +This is not the verdict of personal opinion, but a record which is
 +indelibly impressed upon Base Ball history.</​p>​
 +<p>It was the theory of the Brotherhood League that it, in part,
 +should be governed by representative players, but the players would
 +not be governed by players. Discipline relaxed, teams did pretty
 +much as they pleased, and the public remained away from the games.
 +It may be added with truth that the National League games were not
 +much better patronized, but that was due to the prevalent apathy in
 +Base Ball affairs throughout the United States.</​p>​
 +<​p>​When the Brotherhood League was formed and withdrew so many
 +players from the National League the latter organization undertook
 +to strengthen itself where it could and when Brooklyn and
 +Cincinnati applied for membership in the circuit both were
 +<​p>​The New York National League club had lost many of its players
 +and, upon the substitution of Cincinnati for Indianapolis in the
 +National League circuit, procured from Mr. Brush many players of
 +note, among them Rusie, Glasscock, Buckley, Bassett and Denny.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Relative to the withdrawal of Indianapolis from the circuit it
 +may be said that Mr. Brush flatly refused to give up his club,
 +asserting stoutly that he was perfectly able to continue the fight,
 +but when he felt that the exigencies of the occasion demanded that
 +Cincinnati become a member, he agreed to give up the franchise,
 +providing that he be permitted to retain his membership in the
 +National League, and transfer such of his players as New York
 +desired to the latter city. It has been alleged that he demanded an
 +exorbitant price from New York for the transfer of the players.</​p>​
 +<​p>​This is untrue. He asked the price of his franchise, the value
 +of his players, and the worth of giving up a Base Ball year in a
 +city in which there was to be no conflicting club and, as he had
 +expressed full confidence in his ability to make a winning fight
 +for the National League, it was agreed that his rights to be
 +considered could not be overlooked. To retain his National League
 +membership he accepted stock in the New York club.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Toward the close of the Base Ball season the Brotherhood League
 +dealt what it believed to be a death blow to the National League by
 +the purchase of the Cincinnati franchise. It proved to be a
 +boomerang, for before the first day of January, 1891, the
 +Brotherhood League had passed out of existence. The backers of the
 +organization,​ tired of the general conduct of the sport, were only
 +too willing to come to an acceptable agreement and retire.</​p>​
 +<​p>​A.G. Spalding, John T. Brush, Frank De Hass Robison, Charles H.
 +Byrne and A.H. Soden were prominent members of the National League
 +to bringing this result about. Of these, Mr. Spalding and Mr. Soden
 +survive, but have retired from active participation in Base Ball
 +<p>It was through this settlement, resulting upon the Base Ball
 +war, that Mr. Brush'​s activities were turned toward Cincinnati. The
 +National League had a franchise in that city, but no one to operate
 +it. Mr. Brush agreed to take up the franchise and attempt to
 +operate and rebuild that club. That, however, is a detail which
 +relates purely to the continuance of a major league circuit.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The next most noticeable achievement in Mr. Brush'​s Base Ball
 +career and, to the mind of more than one, the greatest successful
 +undertaking in the history of the game, was a complete revolution
 +in the distribution of financial returns. By his success in
 +effecting this Mr. Brush brought about the very purpose which he
 +had sought to attain by his classification plan.</​p>​
 +<​p>​But the method was better, for the instruments of this
 +readjustment of conditions were the owners and not the players.
 +Briefly, it was the following:</​p>​
 +<​p>​There was still war in Base Ball between the American
 +Association and the National League. Recognizing that the best
 +method to bring about a cessation of this war was to effect an
 +amalgamation of the conflicting forces Mr. Brush sought, with the
 +assistance of others, to weld both leagues into one. He was aided
 +in this task, though indirectly, because A.G. Spalding was actively
 +out of Base Ball, by that gentleman, Frank De Hass Robison,
 +Christopher Von der Abe, and Francis C. Richter, editor of
 +"​Sporting Life" of Philadelphia. The writer also essayed in the
 +task in an advisory capacity.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The amalgamation was brought about, though not without some
 +opposition; indeed, much opposition. It was conceded at that time
 +that a twelve-club league, which was the object sought, was
 +cumbersome and unwieldy, but there was no other plan of possible
 +accomplishment which suggested itself.</​p>​
 +<​p>​But the principal consideration and the result accomplished in
 +this consolidation of leagues was that all gate receipts should be
 +divided, share and share alike, so far as general admissions were
 +<​p>​That was the greatest and most far-reaching achievement in the
 +history of Base Ball. Prior to that time the principle of a fixed
 +guarantee for each game played had given each home club a
 +stupendous bulk of the sums paid by the public toward the
 +maintenance of the sport. The inevitable outcome of such an
 +arrangement was that the clubs in the larger cities completely
 +overshadowed the clubs in the smaller cities.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The teams in the cities of less population were expected to try
 +to place rival organizations on the field that would equal in
 +playing strength those of New York, Boston and Chicago, but they
 +were unable to do so unless their owners were willing to go on year
 +after year with large deficits staring them in the face.</​p>​
 +<​p>​When Mr. Brush and his associates succeeded in placing Base Ball
 +upon a plane of absolute fairness, so far as the proper
 +distribution of the returns of the sport could be made between
 +clubs, Base Ball began to prosper, and, for the first time in all
 +its history, the owners of so-called smaller clubs felt that they
 +could go forward and try to rival their bigger fellows with equally
 +strong combinations.</​p>​
 +<​p>​More than that, and which to the ball player is most important
 +of all, it "​jumped"​ the salaries of the players in the smaller
 +clubs until they were on equal terms with their fellow players in
 +the larger clubs, so that Mr. Brush helped to accomplish by this
 +plan the very aim which he had at heart when he proposed the
 +classification plan&​mdash;​a just, impartial and equal reimbursement
 +to every player in the game, so far as the finances of each club
 +would permit&​mdash;​and without that bane to all players, a salary
 +<​p>​Thus,​ while it is always probable that some players may receive
 +more than others, based upon their preponderance of skill, it is
 +now a fact that two-thirds of the major league ball players of the
 +present day owe their handsome salaries to the system which John T.
 +Brush so earnestly urged and for which he fought against odds which
 +would have daunted a man with less fixity of purpose.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Having brought forth this new condition in Base Ball, which was
 +so just that its results almost immediately began to make
 +themselves manifest, the owner of the Cincinnati club devoted his
 +time and his energies to the endeavor to place a championship club
 +in Cincinnati. He never was successful in that purpose, although
 +his ill fortune was no greater than that of his predecessors.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The time came that Mr. Brush learned that the New York Base Ball
 +Club could be purchased. He obtained the stock necessary to make
 +him owner of the New York organization from Mr. Andrew Freedman,
 +but before he did so another Base Ball war had begun between the
 +National League and the American League, a disagreement starting
 +from the simplest of causes, but which, like many another such
 +disagreement,​ resulted in the most damaging of conditions to the
 +prosperity of the pastime.</​p>​
 +<p>As had been the case in the prior war brought about by the
 +organization of the Brotherhood League, Mr. Brush fought staunchly
 +for his rights. Prominent National League players were taken by the
 +American League clubs, and this brought retaliation.</​p>​
 +<p>At length the National League opened negotiations to obtain
 +certain American League players and succeeded in doing so. Among
 +these were the manager of the Baltimore club, John J. McGraw, who
 +felt that he was acting perfectly within his rights in joining the
 +New York National League club. Directly upon his acceptance of the
 +management of the New York club Mr. Brush became its owner and the
 +era of prosperity was inaugurated in New York, which was soon
 +enjoyed by every club throughout the United States.</​p>​
 +<p>In its first year under the new management the team was not in
 +condition to make a good fight, but the next year it was ready and
 +since then has won four National League championships and one
 +World'​s Championship.</​p>​
 +<p>In the spring of 1911, at the very dawn of the National League
 +season, the grand stand of the New York National League club burned
 +to the ground. A man less determined would have been overcome by
 +such a blow. Nothing daunted and while the flames were not yet
 +quenched, Mr. Brush sent for engineers to devise plans for the
 +magnificent stadium which bears his name and which, on the Polo
 +Grounds in New York, is one of the greatest and the most massive
 +monument to professional Base Ball in the world.</​p>​
 +<p>In connection with this wonderful new edifice of steel and
 +stone, which is one of the wonders of the new world, it is
 +appropriate to add that two world'​s series have been played on the
 +field of the Polo Grounds since it has been erected.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The rules for these world'​s series were formulated and adopted
 +upon the suggestion and by the advice of Mr. Brush and since a
 +regular world'​s series season has been a feature of Base Ball the
 +national game has progressed with even greater strides than was the
 +case in the past.</​p>​
 +<p>At a meeting of the National League the following resolutions
 +were adopted:</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Whereas</​i>,​ The death of Mr. John T. Brush, president of the
 +New York National League Base Ball Club, comes as a sad blow to
 +organized professional Base Ball and particularly to us, his
 +associates in the National League.</​p>​
 +<p>As the dean of organized professional Base Ball, his wise
 +counsel, his unerring judgment, his fighting qualities and withal
 +his eminent fairness and integrity in all matters pertaining to the
 +welfare of the national game will be surely missed.</​p>​
 +<p>He was a citizen of sterling worth, of high moral standards and
 +of correct business principles, and his death is not only a
 +grievous loss to us, but to the community at large as well. Be it,
 +<​p><​i>​Resolved</​i>,​ That the members of the National League of
 +Professional Base Ball Clubs, in session to-day, express their
 +profound grief at the loss of their friend, associate and
 +counsellor and extend to the members of his bereaved family their
 +sincere sympathy in the great loss which they have sustained by his
 +death. Be it further</​p>​
 +<​p><​i>​Resolved</​i>,​ That a copy of these resolutions be spread on
 +the records of the league.</​p>​
 +<p>In connection with the death of Mr. Brush, Ben Johnson,
 +president of the American League, said: "Mr. Brush was a power in
 +Base Ball. He will be missed as much in the American League as in
 +the National League."</​p>​
 +<​p>​More than three hundred friends, relatives, business
 +acquaintances,​ lodge brothers and Base Ball associates attended the
 +funeral of Mr. Brush, on Friday, November 29, at St. Paul's
 +Episcopal Church, Indianapolis. Fifty or more of Mr. Brush'​s Base
 +Ball associates and acquaintances,​ principally from the East, were
 +<​p>​The service was conducted by the Rev. Lewis Brown, rector of St.
 +Paul'​s,​ and was followed by a Scottish Rite ceremony in charge of
 +William Geake, Sr., of Fort Wayne, acting thrice potent master, and
 +official head of the thirty-third degree in Indiana. The Scottish
 +Rite delegation numbered more than 150. There were also in
 +attendance fifty Knights Templars of Rapier Commandery, under the
 +leadership of Eminent Commander E.J. Scoonover.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Grand Army of the Republic, the Indianapolis Commercial Club
 +and a number of local and out-of-town clubs and social
 +organizations of which Mr. Brush was a member also were
 +<​p>​The Episcopal service was given impressively. The Rev. Dr.
 +Brown, in reviewing the life of Mr. Brush, spoke of him as one of
 +the remarkable men of America, who, in his youth, gave no promise
 +of being in later life a national figure. In the course of his
 +remarks Dr. Brown said:</​p>​
 +<​p>"​The death of John Tomlinson Brush removes from our midst one of
 +the most remarkable men of our generation. His life was that of a
 +typical American. He began in the most unpretentious manner and
 +died a figure of national importance.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​He went through the Civil War so quietly that the fact was
 +unknown to some of his most intimate friends. He was mustered out
 +with honor and entered the business world in Indianapolis. His
 +labors here put him at the forefront for sagacity, squareness,
 +honorable treatment and generosity.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​His love of sport made him a patron of the national game. In a
 +perfectly natural way, he went from manager of the local team to
 +proprietor of the New York Giants. He was a Bismarck in plan and a
 +Napoleon in execution. His aim was pre-eminence and he won place by
 +the consent of all. The recent spectacular outpouring of people and
 +colossal financial exhibit in the struggle for the pennant between
 +New York and Boston were but the legitimate outcome of his
 +marvelous skill.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​He was an early member of the Masonic fraternity. He took his
 +Blue Lodge degree in his native town and to demonstrate his
 +attachment he never removed his membership. Where he had been
 +raised to the sublime degree of a master there he wished to keep
 +his affiliation always.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​He became a Knight Templar in Rapier Commandery and was one of
 +its past eminent commanders. He was a member of the Scottish Rite
 +bodies in the Valley of Indianapolis in the early days and
 +performed his work with a ritual perfection unsurpassed. He
 +received the thirty-third and last degree as a merited honor for
 +proficiency and zeal.</​p>​
 +<​p>"​The conspicuous feature of his life was its indomitable
 +<a name="​RULE4_9"><​!-- RULE4 9 --></​a>​
 +<​h2>​THE WORLD'​S SERIES OF 1912</​h2>​
 +<​center>​BY JOHN B. FOSTER.</​center>​
 +<p>No individual, whether player, manager, owner, critic or
 +spectator, who went through the world'​s series of 1912 ever will
 +forget it. There never was another like it. Years may elapse before
 +there shall be a similar series and it may be that the next to come
 +will be equally sensational,​ perhaps more so.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Viewed from the very strict standpoint that all Base Ball games
 +should be played without mistake or blunder this world'​s series may
 +be said to have been inartistic, but it is only the hypercritical
 +theorist who would take such a cold-blooded view of the series.</​p>​
 +<​p>​From the lofty perch of the "​bleacherite"​ it was a series
 +crammed with thrills and gulps, cheers and gasps, pity and
 +hysteria, dejection and wild exultation, recrimination and
 +adoration, excuse and condemnation,​ and therefore it was what may
 +cheerfully be called "​ripping good" Base Ball.</​p>​
 +<​p>​There were plays on the field which simply lifted the spectators
 +out of their seats in frenzy. There were others which caused them
 +to wish to sink through the hard floor of the stand in humiliation.
 +There were stops in which fielders seemed to stretch like india
 +rubber and others in which they shriveled like parchment which has
 +been dried. There were catches of fly balls which were superhuman
 +and muffs of fly balls which were "​superawful."</​p>​
 +<​p>​There were beautiful long hits, which threatened to change the
 +outcome of games and some of them did. There were opportunities for
 +other beautiful long hits which were not made.</​p>​
 +<p>No ingenuity of stage preparation,​ no prearranged plot of man,
 +no cunningly devised theory of a world'​s series could have
 +originated a finale equal to that of the eighth and decisive
 +contest. Apparently on the verge of losing the series after the
 +Saturday game in Boston the Giants had gamely fought their way to a
 +tie with Boston, and it was one of the pluckiest and gamest fights
 +ever seen in a similar series, and just as the golden apple seemed
 +about to drop into the hands of the New York players they missed it
 +because Dame Fortune rudely jostled them aside.</​p>​
 +<p>As a matter of fact the New York players were champions of the
 +world for nine and one half innings, for they led Boston when the
 +first half of the extra inning of the final game was played. Within
 +the next six minutes they had lost all the advantage which they had
 +<p>It was a combination of bad fielding and lack of fielding which
 +cost the New York team its title. And if only Mathewson had not
 +given Yerkes a base on balls in the tenth inning the game might not
 +have been won, even with the fielding blunders, but Mathewson was
 +pitching with all the desperation and the cunning which he could
 +muster to fool the batter and failed to do so.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Such sudden and complete reversal on the part of the mental
 +demeanor of spectators was never before seen on a ball field in a
 +world'​s series. The Boston enthusiasts had given up and were
 +willing to concede the championship to New York. In the twinkling
 +of an eye there was a muffed fly, a wonderful catch by the same
 +player who muffed the ball&​mdash;​Snodgrass&​mdash;​a base on balls to
 +Yerkes, a missed chance to retire Speaker easily on a foul fly,
 +then a base hit by Speaker to right field, on which Engel scored,
 +another base on balls to Lewis and then the long sacrifice fly to
 +right field by Gardner, which sent Yerkes over the plate with the
 +winning run.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Before entering upon a description of the games it is
 +appropriate to say that the umpiring in this series was as near
 +perfection as it could be. It was by far the best of any since the
 +series had been inaugurated. The umpires were William Klem and
 +Charles Rigler of the National League and Frank O'​Loughlin and
 +William Evans of the American League.</​p>​
 +<​center>​FIRST GAME<​br>​
 +New York, Oct. 8, 1912.<​br>​
 +Boston 4, New York 3.<​br>​
 +Hits&​mdash;​Off Wood 8; off Tesreau 5; Crandall 1.<​br>​
 +Struck out&​mdash;​Wood 11; Tesreau 4; Crandall 2.<​br>​
 +Bases on balls&​mdash;​Wood 2; Tesreau 4.<​br>​
 +Attendance 35,​722.</​center>​
 +<p>In the description of the games of the world'​s series only those
 +innings will be touched upon in which there were men on bases.
 +Tesreau pitched the opening game for New York and the first man to
 +bat for Boston was Hooper. Tesreau gave him a base on balls. The
 +next three batters were retired in succession. Devore and Doyle,
 +the first two batters for New York, were retired and Snodgrass hit
 +cleanly to center field, the first base hit in the series. Murray
 +was given a base on balls, but Merkle flied to short. In the second
 +inning the Bostons started as bravely as they had in the first, as
 +Gardner, the first batter, was safe on Fletcher'​s fumble. Stahl
 +batted to Tesreau and Gardner was forced out. Wagner was given a
 +base on balls, after Stahl had been thrown out trying to steal
 +second, and Cady flied to Murray.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Bostons started with a man on base in the third. Wood was
 +given a base on balls by Tesreau and Hooper sacrificed. Doyle threw
 +Yerkes out and Speaker was given a base on balls, but Lewis died
 +easily on a weak fly to short.</​p>​
 +<p>In New York's half of this inning the Giants scored twice.
 +Tesreau, first at bat, struck out. Devore was given a base on balls
 +and Doyle batted wickedly to left field for two bases. Snodgrass
 +was fooled into striking out, but Murray smashed the ball to center
 +field for a single, and sent two men over the rubber, Murray was
 +caught at second trying to get around the bases while Doyle was
 +going home.</​p>​
 +<​p>​With one out Herzog hit safely in the fourth inning, but did not
 +score. In the fifth, with two out, Doyle batted safely, but failed
 +to score. In the sixth the Bostons made their first runs on
 +Speaker'​s triple to left field and Lewis' out. If Snodgrass, in
 +making a desperate effort to catch the fly, had permitted the ball
 +to go to Devore the chances are that Speaker'​s hit would have
 +resulted in an out, so that New York lost on the play.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Snodgrass was safe in the sixth on Wagner'​s fumble, but was
 +doubled off first when Murray drove a line hit straight to Stahl.
 +The seventh was the undoing of the Giants. With one out Wagner
 +batted safely to center field. Cady followed with another hit to
 +the same place. Wood batted to Doyle, who made a beautiful stop,
 +but with a double play in hand, was overbalanced and unable to
 +complete it. That cost New York three runs, although it was
 +unavoidable. Cady was forced out, but Hooper hit to right field for
 +two bases sending Wagner and Wood home. Yerkes followed with a
 +clean hit to left field for a base and won the first game for
 +Boston with that hit.</​p>​
 +<p>In New York's half of the inning, with one out, Meyers was hit
 +by a pitched ball, but no damage was done other than to Meyers'​
 +feelings. In the ninth Wagner batted Crandall for a two-base hit,
 +Crandall having been substituted for Tesreau in the eighth inning,
 +as McCormick had batted for Tesreau in the seventh. Cady made a
 +sacrifice, but the next two batters were easily retired.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Then began the exciting finish, and if the Giants had made but a
 +single more they probably would have begun the series with a
 +victory instead of a defeat. With one out Merkle batted the ball
 +over second base for a single and the spectators, who had started
 +toward the exits, halted. Herzog followed with a slow low fly to
 +right field, which fell safely. Meyers crashed into the ball for a
 +two-bagger that struck the wall in right field and the crowd began
 +to believe that Wood had gone up in "​smoke."</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Boston players encouraged him with all their best vocal
 +efforts, and when Fletcher came to the plate Wood was using all the
 +speed with which he was possessed. It was evident that Fletcher'​s
 +sole desire was to bat the ball safely to right field, for if he
 +did so, both of the runners could cross the plate and the Giants
 +would win. Twice he met the ball, and both times it sailed in the
 +right direction, but with no result, as it was foul. Then he struck
 +out. Crandall, perhaps one of the best pinch hitters in the major
 +leagues, also struck out, and the Boston enthusiasts who were
 +present fell back in their chairs from sheer exhaustion, but when
 +they had recovered, with their band leading them, marched across
 +the field and cheered Mayor Fitzgerald of Boston, who was present
 +as a spectator of the contest in company with Mayor Gaynor of New
 +York. Governor Foss of Massachusetts was also present at the
 +opening of the game. Klem umpired behind the bat in this game.</​p>​
 +<​center>​SECOND GAME<​br>​
 +Boston, Oct. 9, 1912.<​br>​
 +New York 6. Boston 6 (eleven innings).<​br>​
 +Hits&​mdash;​Off Collins 9, off Hall 2; Mathewson 10.<​br>​
 +Struck out&​mdash;​Collins 5, Bedient 1; Mathewson 4<br>
 +Bases on balls&​mdash;​Hall 4, Bedient 1.<​br>​
 +Attendance 30,​148.</​center>​
 +<p>In the second game of the series, which was played October 9 at
 +Boston, Mathewson pitched for the New York team and Collins, Hall
 +and Bedient for Boston. The game resulted in a tie, 6 to 6, at the
 +end of the eleventh inning, being called on account of darkness by
 +Umpire O'​Loughlin,​ who was acting behind the plate. This contest
 +was remarkable more for the misplays of the New York players, which
 +gave the Bostons a chance to save themselves from defeat, than for
 +any undue familiarity with the pitching of Mathewson. It was the
 +universal opinion of partisans of both teams that Mathewson
 +deserved to win because he outpitched his opponents. The weather
 +was fair and the ground in excellent condition. In the first inning
 +Snodgrass began with a clean two-base hit into the left field seats
 +but neither Doyle, Becker nor Murray was able to help him across
 +the plate. A run scored in that inning, with such a fine start,
 +would probably have won the game for the Giants.</​p>​
 +<p>In Boston'​s half Hooper hit safely to center field and stole
 +second base. Yerkes batted a line drive to Fletcher, and had the
 +New York shortstop held the ball, which was not difficult to catch,
 +Hooper could easily have been doubled at second, but Fletcher
 +muffed it. Speaker hit safely toward third base, filling the bases.
 +Lewis batted to Herzog, who made a fine play on the ball and caught
 +Hooper at the plate. This should have been the third out and would
 +have retired Boston without a run. Gardner was put out by a
 +combination play on the part of Mathewson, Doyle and Merkle,
 +scoring Yerkes, and Stahl came through with a hard line hit for a
 +base, which scored Speaker and Lewis. The inning netted Boston
 +three runs, which were not earned.</​p>​
 +<​p>​With one out in the second inning Herzog batted for three bases
 +to center field and scored on Meyers'​ single. Fletcher flied out
 +and Mathewson forced Meyers out. Hooper got a two-base hit in the
 +same inning, but two were out at the time and Fletcher easily threw
 +out Yerkes, who was the next batter.</​p>​
 +<p>In the fourth inning Murray began with a clean three-base hit to
 +center field. Merkle fouled out to the third baseman, but Herzog'​s
 +long fly to Speaker was an excellent sacrifice and Murray scored.
 +Meyers again hit for a single, but was left on the bases. The
 +Bostons got this run back in the last half of the fifth. With one
 +out Hooper hit to center field for a base, his third hit in
 +succession against Mathewson. Yerkes batted a three-bagger out of
 +the reach of Snodgrass and Hooper scored. Murray batted safely in
 +the sixth, with one out, but died trying to steal second, Carrigan
 +catching for Boston. In the Boston'​s half of the sixth Lewis began
 +with a single and got as far as third base, but could not
 +<​p>​The Giants started bravely in the seventh when Herzog hit the
 +ball for a base and stole second. There were three chances to get
 +him home, but Meyers, who had been hitting Collins hard, failed to
 +make a single and Fletcher and Mathewson were both retired.</​p>​
 +<p>In the eighth the New York players made one of the game rallies
 +for which they became famed all through the series and went ahead
 +of their rivals. Snodgrass was the first batter and lifted an easy
 +fly to Lewis. The Boston player got directly under the ball and
 +made a square muff of it. Doyle followed along with a sharp hit to
 +center field for a base and although he was forced out by Becker,
 +the latter drove the ball hard. Murray came through with a long
 +two-bagger to left center and Snodgrass and Becker scored. That
 +tied the score and also put an end to Collins'​ work in the box;
 +Stahl took him out and substituted Hall. Merkle fouled weakly to
 +the catcher, but Herzog caught the ball on the nose and hit sharp
 +and clean to center field for two bases, sending Murray home with
 +the run which put the Giants in the lead. Another base hit would
 +have won for New York, but Meyers perished on a hard hit to Wagner,
 +which was fielded to first ahead of the batter.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Unfortunately for New York, with two out in the last half of the
 +inning Lewis batted the ball to left field for two bases. Murray
 +made a desperate effort to get it. He tumbled backward over the
 +fence into the bleachers and for a few moments there were some who
 +thought that he had been seriously injured. Gardner followed with a
 +single to center and Stahl hit to right for a base, but Wagner
 +struck out and the Bostons were down with only a run.</​p>​
 +<p>In the ninth Hall gave a remarkable exhibition. Fletcher and
 +Mathewson were retired in succession. Then Snodgrass, Doyle and
 +Becker were given bases on balls, filling the bags. It seemed
 +certain that a run might score, and perhaps one would have scored
 +had it not been for an excellent stop by Wagner. Murray hit the
 +ball at him like a shot, but he got it and retired Becker at
 +<​p>​The Giants took the lead in the tenth and once more it appeared
 +as if the game would be theirs. Merkle began with a long three-base
 +hit to center field. Herzog batted to Wagner and Merkle played
 +safe, refusing to try to score while the batter was being put out
 +at first. Meyers was given a base on balls and Shafer ran for him.
 +Fletcher lifted a long fly to left field and Merkle scored from
 +third. Mathewson could not advance the runners and died on an
 +infield fly. Yerkes was the first batter for the Bostons and was
 +retired at first base. Speaker hit to deep center field. There were
 +some scorers who gave the batter but three bases on the hit,
 +insisting that Wilson, who was then catching for New York, should
 +have got the throw to the plate and retired the batter. In any
 +event Wilson missed the ball and Speaker scored. Lewis followed
 +with a two-bagger, which would have scored Speaker if the latter
 +had not tried to run home, so Wilson'​s failure to retrieve the
 +throw became more conspicuous. Other scorers gave Speaker a clean
 +home run and it is not far out of the way to say that he deserved
 +the benefit of the doubt.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Neither team scored in the eleventh inning, although Snodgrass
 +was hit by a pitched ball. He was the first batter. He tried to
 +steal second, but failed to make it.</​p>​
 +<​p>​This contest was conspicuous because of the wonderfully good
 +fielding of Doyle and Wagner. The former made two stops along the
 +right field line which seemed to be not far from superhuman. Wagner
 +killed at least two safe hits over second base for New York and
 +both of the plays were of the greatest benefit to the Boston
 +<​center>​THIRD GAME.<​br>​
 +Boston, Oct. 10, 1912.<​br>​
 +New York 2; Boston 1.<​br>​
 +Hits&​mdash;​Off Marquard 7; O'​Brien 6, Bedient 1.<​br>​
 +Struck out&​mdash;​Marquard 6, O'​Brien 3.<​br>​
 +Bases on balls&​mdash;​Marquard 1; O'​Brien 3.<​br>​
 +Attendance 34,​624.</​center>​
 +<​p>​Because of the tie game the teams remained over in Boston and
 +played on the following day, October 10. The pitchers were Marquard
 +for New York and O'​Brien and Bedient for Boston. Marquard pitched
 +one of the best games of his career and not a run was made against
 +him until the ninth inning. By far the most notable play of the
 +game on the field was made by Devore in the ninth inning, when he
 +ran for more than thirty feet and caught an almost impossible fly
 +ball which had been batted by Cady. Had he missed it the Bostons
 +might have scored two runs and won. Devore began the first inning
 +with a base hit, but was out trying to steal second. The next two
 +batters were retired. In the second inning Murray batted the ball
 +to center field for two bases. Merkle'​s clever sacrifice put him on
 +third and Herzog'​s sacrifice fly sent him over the rubber. Lewis
 +began the inning for Boston with a safe hit, but could not advance
 +further than second.</​p>​
 +<p>In the third Fletcher started with a base on balls and was
 +sacrificed to second, but was unable to score. In the fourth, with
 +one out, Speaker batted safely, but was forced out at second.
 +Gardner flied to Murray.</​p>​
 +<p>In the fifth Herzog began with a two-base hit to left field.
 +Meyers died at first, but Fletcher hit safely to right field and
 +Herzog scored. Fletcher stole second and Marquard was given a base
 +on balls. Devore forced him out and stole second and Doyle followed
 +with another base on balls. A long hit would have made the game
 +easy for New York and Snodgrass tried to get the ball into the
 +bleachers, but Lewis caught it. Stahl began the Bostons'​ half of
 +the fifth with a hit, but was out by ten feet trying to steal
 +<p>In the sixth, with two out, Yerkes hit safely, but Speaker
 +fouled out. In the seventh, with two out, Stahl batted the ball to
 +left field for two bases, but Wagner flied to Devore.</​p>​
 +<p>In the eighth the Giants looked dangerous again. Devore began
 +with a base-hit to left field. Doyle flied to Lewis. Snodgrass hit
 +safely to left field and Murray flied to Lewis. Merkle batted the
 +ball very hard, but Wagner made a good stop and caught Snodgrass at
 +second. With two out Hooper got a base on balls for Boston, but it
 +did Boston no good.</​p>​
 +<p>In the ninth Herzog was hit by a pitched ball and Meyers swung
 +solidly to center for a single, after Herzog had died trying to
 +steal. Fletcher lined to Speaker and Meyers was doubled. In
 +Boston'​s half, with one out, Lewis batted to right field for a
 +base. Gardner hit to the same place for two bases and Lewis scored
 +Boston'​s only run. Stahl rapped a grounder to Marquard, who threw
 +Gardner out at third. Wagner should have been an easy out, and the
 +game would have been over if Merkle had not dropped a throw to
 +first base. Wagner stole second, no attention being paid to him,
 +and then Devore made his wonderfully good catch of Cady's hard
 +drive and the Giants had won their first game in the series.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Marquard outpitched both of his Boston rivals and in only two
 +innings were the Bostons able to get the first man on the
 +<​center>​FOURTH GAME.<​br>​
 +New York, Oct. 11, 1912.<​br>​
 +Boston 3, New York 1.<​br>​
 +Hits&​mdash;​Off Wood 9; off Tesreau 5, Ames 3.<​br>​
 +Struck out&​mdash;​Wood 8; Tesreau 5.<​br>​
 +Bases on balls&​mdash;​Ames 1, Tesreau 2.<​br>​
 +Attendance 36,​502.</​center>​
 +<​p>​The fourth game of the series was played in New York on the
 +following day. For most of the forenoon it looked as if there would
 +be no game because of rain. Toward noon it cleared up slightly and
 +although the ground was a little soft it was decided to play, in
 +view of the fact that so many spectators had come a long distance
 +to witness the contest. The soft ground was in favor of the Boston
 +players, for the ball was batted very hard by New York most of the
 +afternoon, but the diamond held and the infielders were able to get
 +a good grasp on grounders which would ordinarily have been very
 +difficult to handle. Tesreau pitched for New York and Wood for
 +Boston, as was the case in the opening game of the series. Hooper,
 +who batted with much success on the Polo Grounds, began with a
 +single to center and although Yerkes was safe on Meyers'​ wild throw
 +the Giants got out of a bad predicament handily because of the
 +excellent stops which were made by Fletcher of hits by Speaker and
 +Lewis. With one out in New York's half of the inning Doyle batted
 +safely, but Snodgrass forced him out.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Gardner began the second inning with a three-base hit to right
 +field and scored on a wild pitch. The next three batters were
 +retired in order. With one out for New York, Merkle singled and
 +stole second, but was not helped to get home.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The third was started by a single by Wood and Hooper was given a
 +base on balls. Yerkes bunted and Tesreau whipped the ball to third
 +base ahead of Wood. Doyle and Fletcher made two fine stops and
 +Speaker and Lewis were retired.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Boston added another run in the fourth inning, being assisted by
 +Tesreau'​s wildness. Gardner, who batted first, was given a base on
 +balls. Stahl forced him out at second. Then Stahl stole second, to
 +the immediate surprise of the Boston players and the chagrin of the
 +New York catcher. Wagner'​s out at first helped him along and when
 +Cady pushed a weak single to center field, just out of the reach of
 +the players, Stahl scored. Wood was retired by Murray.</​p>​
 +<​p>​With one out in the fifth Yerkes batted for a base, but was
 +thrown out at second on Speaker'​s grounder and Speaker died trying
 +to steal. New York had one out in the same inning, when Herzog hit
 +safely, but neither Meyers nor Fletcher could help him.</​p>​
 +<p>In the sixth the New York players began with a rush. Tesreau,
 +the first batter, hit for a base. Devore followed with another
 +single. Doyle with a "clean up" could have won for the Giants, but
 +he lifted a high fly to Yerkes. Snodgrass batted to Yerkes, who
 +made an extraordinarily good stop and threw Devore out at second.
 +Murray forced Snodgrass at second and all. New York's early
 +advantage went for naught.</​p>​
 +<p>In the seventh the Giants scored their only run. After Merkle
 +had struck out, Herzog batted for a base. Meyers lifted a terrific
 +line drive to center field, but Speaker got under the ball.
 +Fletcher hit hard and safe to right field for two bases and Herzog
 +scored. McCormick batted for a base, but Fletcher, trying to score
 +on the ball, was thrown out at the plate by Yerkes.</​p>​
 +<p>In the eighth, with two out, Snodgrass was safe on Wagner'​s
 +fumble. Murray rapped a single to left field but Merkle struck out.
 +With two out for Boston Speaker batted a double to left field and
 +was left. Ames pitched in the eighth for New York. In the ninth the
 +Giants were scored upon again when Gardner hit for a single to
 +center field. Stahl sacrificed, Wagner was given a base on balls
 +and Cady forced Wagner, while Gardner was scoring.</​p>​
 +<​center>​FIFTH GAME.<​br>​
 +Boston, Oct. 12. 1912.<​br>​
 +Boston 2; New York 1.<​br>​
 +Hits&​mdash;​Off Mathewson 5; Bedient 3.<​br>​
 +Struck out&​mdash;​Mathewson 2; Bedient 4.<​br>​
 +Bases on balls&​mdash;​Bedient 3.<​br>​
 +Attendance 34,​683.</​center>​
 +<​p>​The game was played on Saturday with Mathewson in the box for
 +New York and Bedient for Boston. As was the case in the former game
 +pitched by Mathewson in Boston, the verdict was general that
 +perfect support would have won the contest for him, even though the
 +score was but 2 to 1 in favor of Boston. Devore received a base on
 +balls in the first inning and after Doyle was out on a long fly to
 +right was forced out by Snodgrass in a double play. By the way this
 +game was played under very adverse conditions so far as the weather
 +was concerned. It was cold and gloomy. Hooper, the first Boston
 +batter, as usual, began with his single to center field. Yerkes
 +flied out to shortstop. Speaker hit safely and Lewis batted to
 +Herzog, who made a beautiful stop on third, and touched the base
 +ahead of Hooper. Gardner struck out.</​p>​
 +<p>In the second inning Murray started off with a base on balls and
 +the next three batters were retired in succession. With one out for
 +Boston, Wagner batted safely to right field. The next two men were
 +retired without reaching first.</​p>​
 +<​p>​With one out in the third, Mathewson batted a single to center
 +field and Devore followed with a base on balls, but Bedient got the
 +next two batters.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The third was the inning which broke the backs of the Giants.
 +Hooper batted the ball to left center for three bases. Yerkes
 +followed with a triple to center and Hooper scored. Speaker
 +contributed with a ground hit, which Doyle should have got, but
 +fumbled. Had he recovered the ball Boston would have made but one
 +run in the inning. As it was, Yerkes scored on the misplay and that
 +run lost the game for the Giants. The next two batters were retired
 +and for the remainder of the contest Boston never had a man on
 +first base, Mathewson pitching marvelous ball, by far the best game
 +of the series, as it should easily have been a one run contest with
 +not a base on balls nor a wild pitch.</​p>​
 +<p>In the seventh inning Merkle began with a two-base hit to left
 +field Herzog flied out to Wagner. Meyers flied out, but McCormick
 +who batted for Fletcher, made a hit and Merkle scored. That spurt
 +gave the Giants their sole run and they returned to New York that
 +night with the series three to one against them.</​p>​
 +<​center>​SIXTH GAME.<​br>​
 +New York, Oct. 14, 1912<​br>​
 +New York 5; Boston 2.<​br>​
 +Hits&​mdash;​Off Marquard 7; O'​Brien 6, Collins 5.<​br>​
 +Struck out&​mdash;​Marquard 3; O'​Brien 1, Collins 1.<​br>​
 +Bases on balls&​mdash;​Marquard 1.<​br>​
 +Attendance 30,​622.</​center>​
 +<​p>​With a Sunday in which to rest the series was resumed in New
 +York on Monday, October 14. Marquard pitched for the Giants and
 +O'​Brien for the Bostons. Rest seemed to have recuperated the New
 +York players more than their opponents. In the first inning of the
 +game the Giants scored five runs and the contest was never in doubt
 +after that. O'​Brien made a costly balk in the first inning and the
 +Boston players generally seemed to be less energetic and less
 +confident than would have been expected from a team which had but
 +one game to win to make the championship assured.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The first inning really settled the outcome of the contest.
 +After the Giants had made five runs Boston played through the other
 +eight innings perfunctorily. The crowd of Boston enthusiasts,​ which
 +had come to New York to see the finishing touches put on the
 +Giants, was bitterly disappointed,​ while the New York enthusiasts,​
 +not over hopeful on account of the disposition of the Giants to
 +blunder badly at vital moments, were at least in a much better
 +frame of mind because of the rally by their team.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Hooper was first at bat and as usual hit for a base. He was
 +caught napping off first. Yerkes was easily retired. Speaker was
 +given a base on balls and Lewis flied out.</​p>​
 +<p>In New York's half Devore was retired at first. Doyle hit safely
 +to center field. He stole second after Snodgrass struck out. Murray
 +batted a single to left field and Doyle went to third. O'​Brien made
 +a palpable balk and Doyle scored from third, Murray going to
 +second. Merkle banged a hard double to right field, Herzog followed
 +with a double to left field, Meyers singled to left field, and
 +actually stole second under the noses of the Boston players.
 +Fletcher singled to right field and Meyers scored the fifth run of
 +the inning; the other men who had crossed the plate being Doyle,
 +Murray, Merkle and Herzog.</​p>​
 +<p>In Boston'​s half of the second inning the Boston players scored
 +twice and that was all they made in the game. Gardner was safe at
 +first on Marquard'​s wild throw; Stahl singled to center. The next
 +two batters were easily retired, but Engle, who batted for O'​Brien,​
 +hit to left field for two bases, Devore missing the ball by pushing
 +it away from him as he was running into it, and Gardner and Stahl
 +<​p>​Boston began the third inning and the fourth inning with
 +singles, but the runners failed to get around. In the eighth, with
 +one out, Yerkes made a single, but was unable to score.</​p>​
 +<​p>​With one out in the third for New York, Murray singled to right
 +field, but was out trying to stretch the hit. Merkle hit for a base
 +to left field and was out trying to steal.</​p>​
 +<p>In the fourth, with one out, Meyers batted to left field for
 +three bases, but was unable to score. These latter hits were made
 +against Collins, who had taken O'​Brien'​s place in the box.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Devore began the fifth with a hit, but Doyle flied to short, and
 +Devore was doubled off first in a play from right field. Collins
 +continued to be effective in the next three innings, but the
 +mischief had been done, so far as Boston was concerned, and the Red
 +Sox simply did not have a rally in them.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The teams again took a special train for Boston after the game
 +and the remainder of the cavalcade followed over at midnight.</​p>​
 +<​center>​SEVENTH GAME.<​br>​
 +Boston, Oct. 15, 1912.<​br>​
 +New York 11; Boston 4.<​br>​
 +Hits&​mdash;​Off Tesreau 9; Wood 7, Hall 9.<​br>​
 +Struck-out&​mdash;​Tesreau 6; Hall 1.<​br>​
 +Bases on balls&​mdash;​Hall 5; Tesreau 5.<​br>​
 +Attendance 32,​630.</​center>​
 +<​p>​The seventh game was played on Fenway Park, with Wood pitching
 +for Boston and Tesreau for the Giants. Wood pitched for one inning
 +and was hammered in every direction by the New York players, who
 +ran riot on the field. They simply overwhelmed Boston and this
 +contest, more than any other in the series, was so "one sided" as
 +to be devoid of interest, except to the New York fans, who were
 +eager to see the Giants win the championship. Devore, the first
 +batter, hit safely to left field. Doyle rapped a single to center.
 +Devore and Doyle made a double steal and that began the fireworks.
 +Snodgrass pushed a double to right field. Murray'​s hit was a
 +sacrifice. Merkle singled to center field. Herzog batted to Wood
 +and Merkle was run down between second and third. Meyers singled to
 +left field, Fletcher doubled to right field, and Tesreau made his
 +first hit of the series, a single to left field. That counted all
 +told six runs for the Giants and Tesreau added cruelty to the
 +sufferings of the Red Sox by trying to steal second base and almost
 +making it.</​p>​
 +<p>In the second inning Gardner made a home run. Hall took the
 +place of Wood in the box for Boston and Devore was given a base on
 +balls. He stole second and Doyle got a base on balls. Devore was
 +caught napping, but Snodgrass singled to right, scoring Doyle. The
 +two next batters were retired.</​p>​
 +<p>In the third Hall was safe on Fletcher'​s wild throw and Hooper
 +singled but neither scored. Herzog and Meyers began with singles
 +for New York, but neither of them got home. With one out in the
 +fourth, Gardner was hit by a pitched ball and Stahl singled to left
 +field. Neither of these players scored.</​p>​
 +<p>In the fifth Hall began with a two-bagger to left. Hooper was
 +given a base on balls and was forced out by Yerkes. Speaker was
 +given a base on balls. The next two batters were retired, leaving
 +Hall on third. There were two out for New York when Meyers made his
 +third single, but he failed to get home.</​p>​
 +<​p>​With one out in the sixth for Boston Wagner hit safely, but Cady
 +was easily retired. Hall was given a base on balls, but Hooper
 +struck out, ending the inning. In New York's half, with one out,
 +Devore was given a base on balls. Doyle batted the ball over the
 +fence in right field for a home run and Devore scored ahead of
 +<p>In Boston'​s half of the seventh, with one out, Speaker singled
 +to center. Lewis batted to left field for two bases. That put
 +Speaker on third. While Fletcher was getting Gardner out of the
 +way, Speaker scored and Lewis reached home on Doyle'​s fumble of
 +Stahl'​s grounder. In New York's half of this inning Merkle began
 +with a single to center. Herzog flied to left field. Meyers made
 +his fourth single of the afternoon, but Fletcher flied to right
 +field. Tesreau hit to right for a base and Merkle scored.</​p>​
 +<p>In the eighth Doyle muffed Cady's fly. Hall singled to right.
 +Hooper'​s sacrifice fly gave Cady a run, Doyle began for New York
 +with a single, but the next three batters were retired in
 +<p>In the ninth Herzog began with a base on balls. Wilson, who was
 +catching, singled to center. He was doubled up with Fletcher on a
 +long fly hit. Herzog, however, eventually scored his run, which was
 +the seventh of the game for New York.</​p>​
 +<p>In this contest the Giants ran bases with such daring that they
 +had the Boston players confused and uncertain. Cady did not know
 +whether to throw the ball or hold it, and the general exhibition of
 +speed on the bases which was made by New York was characteristic of
 +the team's dash in the race for the championship of the National
 +League, and a system which the Boston players could not fathom.</​p>​
 +<​center>​EIGHTH GAME.<​br>​
 +Boston, Oct. 16, 1912.<​br>​
 +Boston 3; New York 2 (ten innings.)<​br>​
 +Hits&​mdash;​Off Bedient 6, Wood 3; Mathewson 8.<​br>​
 +Struck out&​mdash;​Bedient 2, Wood 2; Mathewson 4.<​br>​
 +Bases on balls&​mdash;​Bedient 3, Wood 1; Mathewson 5.<​br>​
 +Attendance 16,​970.</​center>​
 +<p>On the following day, before the smallest crowd of the series,
 +the final game was played in Boston. Many Boston fans, disgruntled
 +at the manner in which some of them had been seated, deliberately
 +remained away. The air was cold and bleak and in addition to all
 +the rest the enthusiasts of Boston had given up the fight. Which
 +merely goes to show the uncertainty of Base Ball. The New York
 +players unquestionably had the championship won for nine and one
 +half innings of the final game and then, by the simplest of errors,
 +overturned all of the good which they had accomplished in their
 +wonderful rally of the two days preceding. After outplaying the
 +Bostons in a manner which showed some thing of the caliber of the
 +teams when both were going at top speed, the New York team stopped
 +short. As one wit dryly put it: "​Boston did not win the
 +championship,​ but New York lost it."</​p>​
 +<​p>​Mathewson pitched for New York and Bedient for Boston until the
 +end of the seventh inning.</​p>​
 +<​p>​With two out for the Giants in the first Snodgrass was given a
 +base on balls, but Murray was retired. Two were out for Boston when
 +Speaker hit for a single to right field, but Lewis struck out.
 +Again in the second two were out for New York when Meyers was safe
 +on Speaker'​s muff. Fletcher singled over second, but Mathewson
 +flied out.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Hooper began the third with a base hit, but was left. Devore
 +started for New York with a base on balls. Doyle and Snodgrass were
 +out in succession, Devore advancing, and then Murray doubled to
 +center field and Devore scored. In the fourth Herzog started with a
 +two-bagger and if the ground rule had not been changed he would
 +have had an easy triple, and ultimately a run, which would have
 +changed all the outcome of the game. As it was, he did not score.
 +In the fifth Devore began with a single and was out stealing second
 +after Doyle had flied out and Hooper had made the most wonderful
 +catch of the series, reaching over the right field fence to get the
 +ball with his bare band. Snodgrass singled and Murray fouled
 +<p>In the sixth Meyers received a base on balls with two out but
 +did not score. With one out Yerkes singled to right field and
 +Speaker got a base on balls but no run followed.</​p>​
 +<p>In the seventh Mathewson began with a single and was forced out
 +by Devore, who was left on bases while two batters were retired.
 +For Boston, with one out, Stahl hit safely to center field. It was
 +a pop fly, which fell between three men, Fletcher, Murray and
 +Snodgrass. Wagner was given a base on balls and Cady was an easy
 +out. Henriksen, batting for Bedient, with two strikes against him,
 +drove the ball on a line toward third base. In fact, it hit third
 +base. It bounded so far back that Stahl scored the tieing run of
 +the game.</​p>​
 +<p>No runs were scored by either team in the eighth or the ninth
 +innings. In the tenth, with one out, Murray lined a double to left
 +field and scored on Merkle'​s hard single over second. That put the
 +Giants in the lead, with Merkle on second. Herzog struck out and
 +Wood threw out Meyers. The ball had been batted so hard by Meyers
 +to Wood that it crippled the pitcher'​s hand and compelled him to
 +cease playing. It was fortunate for Boston that the hit kept low.
 +So much speed had been put into it by the stalwart Indian catcher
 +that had the ball got into the outfield it would have gone to the
 +fence. It was the undoing of Wood, but it really led to the victory
 +of Boston.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Engle batted for Wood in the tenth. He rapped a long fly to
 +center field which was perfectly played by Snodgrass, but the
 +center fielder dropped the ball. Engle went to second base.</​p>​
 +<p>On top of his simple muff Snodgrass made a magnificent catch of
 +Hooper'​s fly, which seemed to be good for three bases. Mathewson
 +bent every energy to strike out Yerkes, but the batter would not go
 +after the wide curves which were being served to him by the New
 +York pitcher and finally was given a base on balls.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Speaker hit the first ball pitched for an easy foul which should
 +have been caught by Merkle. The ball dropped between Merkle, Meyers
 +and Mathewson. As was afterward proved the capture of this foul
 +would have saved the championship for the Giants.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Speaker,​ with another life, singled to right and Engle scored
 +the tieing run. The Giants still had a chance, but a feeble one,
 +for Yerkes was on third, with but one out. Gardner flied to Devore.
 +The New York outfielder caught the ball and made a game effort to
 +stop the flying Yerkes at the plate, but failed to do so, and the
 +game was over and the series belonged to Boston.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Yet so keen had been the struggle, so great the excitement, so
 +wonderful the rally of the New York club after having once given
 +the series away, that it was the opinion generally that the
 +defeated were as great in defeat as the victors were great in
 +<​p>​The scores of the games are as follows:</​p>​
 +BOSTON. ​       AB. R. H. P. A. E.    NEW YORK.      AB. R. H. P. A. E.
 +Hooper, r.f.    3  1  1  1  0  0   ​Devore,​ l.f.      3  1  0  0  0  0
 +Yerkes, 2b      4  0  1  0  1  0   ​Doyle,​ 2b         ​4 ​ 1  2  2  7  0
 +Speaker, c.f    3  1  1  0  1  0   ​Snodgrass,​ c.f.   ​4 ​ 0  1  2  0  0
 +Lewis, l.f.     ​4 ​ 0  0  2  0  0   ​Murray,​ r.f.      3  0  1  1  0  0
 +Gardner, 3b     ​4 ​ 0  0  1  1  0   ​Merkle,​ 1b        3  1  1 12  0  0
 +Stahl, 1b       ​4 ​ 0  0  6  1  0   ​Herzog,​ 3b        4  0  2  1  1  0
 +Wagner, ss      3  1  2  5  3  1   ​Meyers,​ c         ​3 ​ 0  1  6  1  0
 +Cady, c         ​3 ​ 0  1 11  1  0   ​Fletcher,​ ss      4  0  0  3  1  1
 +Wood, p         ​3 ​ 1  0  1  1  0   ​Tesreau,​ p        2  0  0  0  2  0
 +                                   ​McCormick[1] ​     1  0  0  0  0  0
 +                                   ​Crandall,​ p       ​1 ​ 0  0  0  1  0
 +                                   ​Becker[2] ​        ​0 ​ 0  0  0  0  0
 +               -- -- -- -- -- --                    -- -- -- -- -- --
 +Totals ​        ​31 ​ 4  6 27  9  1   ​Totals ​          ​33 ​ 3  8 27 13  1
 +<p>1: McCormick batted for Tesreau in the seventh inning. 2: Becker
 +ran for Meyers in ninth inning.</​p>​
 +Boston ​        ​0 ​ 0  0  0  0  1  3  0  0  0-4
 +New York       ​0 ​ 0  2  0  0  0  0  0  0  1-3
 +<​p>​Sacrifice hits&​mdash;​Hooper,​ Cady. Two-base hits&​mdash;​Hooper,​
 +Wagner, Doyle. Three-base hit&​mdash;​Speaker. Double
 +play&​mdash;​Stahl and Wood. Pitching record&​mdash;​Off Tesreau, 5
 +hits and 4 runs in 25 times at bat in 7 innings; off Crandall, 1
 +hit, 0 runs in 6 times at bat in 2 innings. Struck out&​mdash;​By
 +Wood 11, Devore, Snodgrass, Merkle, Herzog, Meyers, Fletcher 3,
 +Tesreau 2, Crandall; by Tesreau 4, Hooper, Speaker, Stahl, Gardner;
 +by Crandall 2, Stahl, Gardner. Bases on balls&​mdash;​By Wood 2,
 +Devore, Murray; by Tesreau 4, Hooper, Speaker, Wagner, Wood. First
 +base on errors&​mdash;​Boston 1, New York 1. Fumbles&​mdash;​Wagner,​
 +Fletcher. Hit by pitched ball&​mdash;​By Wood, Meyers. Left on
 +bases&​mdash;​Boston 6, New York 6. Umpires&​mdash;​Klem and Evans;
 +field umpires&​mdash;​Rigler and O'​Loughlin. Scorers&​mdash;​Richter
 +and Spink. Time of game&​mdash;​2.10. Weather&​mdash;​Clear and
 +NEW YORK.          AB. R. H. P. A. E.    BOSTON. ​   AB. R. H. P. A. E.
 +Snodgrass, l.f-r.f ​ 4  1  1  0  0  0   ​Hooper,​ r.f.  5  1  3  3  0  0
 +Doyle, 2b           ​5 ​ 0  1  2  5  0   ​Yerkes,​ 2b    5  1  1  3  4  0
 +Becker, c.f.        4  1  0  0  1  0   ​Speaker,​ c.f. 5  2  2  2  0  0
 +Murray, r.f-l.f ​    ​5 ​ 2  3  3  0  0   ​Lewis,​ l.f.   ​5 ​ 2  2  2  0  1
 +Merkle, 1b          5  1  1 19  0  1   ​Gardner,​ 3b   ​4 ​ 0  0  2  0  0
 +Herzog, 3b          4  1  3  2  4  0   ​Stahl,​ 1b     ​5 ​ 2  2 10  0  0
 +Meyers, c           ​4 ​ 0  2  5  0  0   ​Wagner,​ ss    5  0  0  5  5  5
 +Fletcher, ss        4  0  0  1  3  3   ​Carrigan,​ c   ​5 ​ 0  0  6  4  0
 +McCormick[1] ​       0  0  0  0  0  0   ​Collins,​ p    3  0  0  0  1  0
 +Mathewson, p        5  0  0  1  6  0   Hall, p       ​1 ​ 0  0  0  0  0
 +Shafer[2], ss       ​0 ​ 0  0  0  3  0   ​Bedient,​ p    1  0  0  0  0  0
 +Wilson[3], c        0  0  0  0  1  1
 +                   -- -- -- -- -- --                -- -- -- -- -- --
 +Totals ​            ​40 ​ 6 11 33 23  5    Totals ​     44  6 10 33 14  1
 +<p>1: McCormick batted for Fletcher in tenth inning. 2: Shafer ran
 +for Meyers in tenth inning and succeeded Fletcher as shortstop in
 +same inning. 3: Wilson succeeded Meyers as catcher in tenth
 +New York       ​0 ​ 1  0  1  0  0  0  3  0  1  0-6
 +Boston ​        ​3 ​ 0  0  0  1  0  0  1  0  1  0-8
 +<​p>​Left on bases&​mdash;​New York 9, Boston 6. First base on
 +errors&​mdash;​New York 1, Boston 3. Two-base hits&​mdash;​Snodgrass,​
 +Murray, Herzog, Lewis 2, Hooper. Three-base hits&​mdash;​Murray,​
 +Merkle. Herzog, Yerkes, Speaker. Stolen bases&​mdash;​Snodgrass,​
 +Herzog, Hooper 2, Stahl. Sacrifice hit&​mdash;​Gardner. Sacrifice
 +flies&​mdash;​Herzog,​ McCormick. Double play&​mdash;​Fletcher and
 +Herzog. Pitching record&​mdash;​Off Collins, 9 hits and 3 runs in 30
 +times at bat in 7-1/3 innings; off Hall, 2 hits and 3 runs in 9
 +times at bat in 2-2/3 innings; off Bedient, no hits or runs in 1
 +time at bat in 1 inning. Struck out&​mdash;​By Mathewson 4, Stahl,
 +Collins 2, Wagner; by Collins 6, Doyle, Merkle, Mathewson 2,
 +Snodgrass; by Bedient 1, Doyle. Bases on balls&​mdash;​By Hall 4,
 +Snodgrass, Doyle, Becker, Meyers; by Bedient 1, Becker.
 +Fumbles&​mdash;​Fletcher 2. Muffed flies&​mdash;​Fletcher,​ Lewis.
 +Muffed foul fly&​mdash;​Merkle. Muffed thrown ball&​mdash;​Wilson. Hit
 +by pitcher&​mdash;​By Bedient, Snodgrass. Umpires&​mdash;​O'​Loughlin
 +and Rigler; field umpires&​mdash;​Klem and Evans.
 +Scorers&​mdash;​Richter and Spink. Time of game&​mdash;​2.38.
 +Weather&​mdash;​Cool and cloudy.</​p>​
 +NEW YORK.       AB. R. H. P. A. E.    BOSTON. ​      AB. R. H. P. A. E.
 +Devore, 1.f.     ​4 ​ 0  2  2  0  0   ​Hooper,​ r.f.     ​3 ​ 0  0  1  0  0
 +Doyle, 2b        3  0  0  3  1  0   ​Yerkes,​ 2b       ​4 ​ 0  1  3  1  0
 +Snodgrass, c.f.  4  0  1  0  0  0   ​Speaker,​ c.f.    4  0  1  3  1  0
 +Murray, l.f.     ​4 ​ 1  1  5  0  0   ​Lewis,​ l.f.      4  1  2  4  0  0
 +Merkle, 1b       ​3 ​ 0  0  5  0  1   ​Gardner,​ 3b      3  0  1  0  2  0
 +Herzog, 3b       ​2 ​ 1  1  1  3  0   ​Stahl,​ 1b        4  0  2 11  1  0
 +Meyers, c        4  0  1  8  1  0   ​Wagner,​ ss       ​4 ​ 0  0  1  3  0
 +Fletcher, ss     ​3 ​ 0  1  3  2  0   ​Carrigan,​ c      2  0  0  3  1  0
 +Marquard, p      1  0  0  0  2  0   ​Engle[1] ​        ​1 ​ 0  0  0  0  0
 +                                    O'​Brien,​ p       ​2 ​ 0  0  1  5  0
 +                                    Ball[2] ​         1  0  0  0  0  0
 +                                    Cady, c          1  0  0  0  1  0
 +                                    Bedient, p       ​0 ​ 0  0  0  0  0
 +                                    Henriksen[3] ​    ​0 ​ 0  0  0  0  0
 +                -- -- -- -- -- --                   -- -- -- -- -- --
 +Totals ​         28  2  7 27  9  1     ​Totals ​       31  1  7 27 15  0
 +<p>1: Engle batted for Carrigan in eighth inning. 2: Ball batted
 +for O'​Brien in eighth inning. 3: Henriksen ran for Stahl in ninth
 +New York       ​0 ​ 1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0-2
 +Boston ​        ​0 ​ 0  0  0  0  0  0  0  1-1
 +<​p>​Left on bases&​mdash;​New York 6, Boston 7. First base on
 +errors&​mdash;​Boston 1. Two-base hits&​mdash;​Murray,​ Herzog, Stahl,
 +Gardner. Stolen bases&​mdash;​Devore,​ Fletcher, Wagner. Sacrifice
 +hits&​mdash;​Merkle,​ Marquard, Gardner. Sacrifice fly&​mdash;​Herzog.
 +Double play&​mdash;​Speaker and Stahl. Pitching record&​mdash;​Off
 +O'​Brien,​ 6 hints and 2 runs in 26 times at bat in 8 innings; off
 +Bedient, 1 hit and 0 runs in 2 times at bat in 1 inning. Struck
 +out&​mdash;​By Marquard 6, Hooper, Yerkes, Wagner, O'​Brien 2, Ball;
 +by O'​Brien 3, Devore, Merkle, Meyers. Bases on balls&​mdash;​O'​Brien
 +3, Fletcher, Doyle, Marquard; by Marquard 1, Hooper. Muffed thrown
 +ball&​mdash;​Merkle. Hit by pitcher&​mdash;​By Bedient, Herzog.
 +Umpires&​mdash;​Evans and Klem; field umpires&​mdash;​ O'​Loughlin and
 +Rigler. Scorers&​mdash;​Richter and Spink. Time of game&​mdash;​2.16.
 +Weather&​mdash;​Clear and cool.</​p>​
 +BOSTON. ​      AB. R. H. P. A. E.      NEW YORK.     AB. R. H. P. A. E.
 +Hooper, r.f.   ​4 ​ 0  1  1  0  0    Devore, l.f.      4  0  1  0  0  0
 +Yerkes, 2b     ​3 ​ 0  1  2  5  0    Doyle, 2b         ​4 ​ 0  1  4  1  0
 +Speaker, c.f.  4  0  1  2  0  0    Snodgrass, c.f.   ​4 ​ 0  0  2  0  0
 +Lewis, l.f.    4  0  0  1  0  0    Murray, r.f.      4  0  1  3  0  0
 +Gardner, 3b    3  2  2  0  2  0    Merkle, 1b        4  0  1  8  0  0
 +Stahl, 1b      3  1  0  9  0  0    Herzog, 3b        4  1  2  2  1  0
 +Wagner, ss     ​3 ​ 0  0  2  3  1    Meyers, c         ​4 ​ 0  0  5  1  1
 +Cady, c        4  0  1 10  0  0    Fletcher, ss      4  0  1  3  6  0
 +Wood, p        4  0  2  0  2  0    Tesreau, p        2  0  1  0  2  0
 +                                   ​McCormick[1] ​     1  0  1  0  0  0
 +                                   Ames, p           ​0 ​ 0  0  0  1  0
 +              -- -- -- -- -- --                     -- -- -- -- -- --
 +Totals ​       32  3  8 27 12  1      Totals ​        ​35 ​ 1  9 27 12  1
 +<p>1: McCormick batted for Tesreau in seventh inning.</​p>​
 +Boston ​        ​0 ​ 1  0  1  0  0  0  0  1-3
 +New York       ​0 ​ 0  0  0  0  0  1  0  0-1
 +<​p>​Left on bases&​mdash;​Boston 7, New York 7. First base on
 +errors&​mdash;​Boston 1, New York 1. Two-base hits&​mdash;​Speaker,​
 +Fletcher. Three-base hit&​mdash;​Gardner. Stolen bases&​mdash;​Stahl,​
 +Merkle. Sacrifice hits&​mdash;​Yerkes,​ Stahl. Double
 +play&​mdash;​Fletcher and Merkle. Pitching record&​mdash;​Off Tesreau,
 +5 hits and 2 runs in 24 times at bat in 7 innings; off Ames, 3 hits
 +and 1 run in 8 times at bat in 2 innings. Struck out&​mdash;​By Wood
 +8, Devore, Snodgrass. Murray 2, Merkle 2, Meyers, Tesreau; by
 +Tesreau 5, Lewis, Stahl, Wagner, Cady 2. Bases on balls&​mdash;​By
 +Tesreau 2, Hooper, Gardner; by Ames 1, Wagner. Fumble&​mdash;​Wagner.
 +Wild throw&​mdash;​Meyers. Wild pitch&​mdash;​Tesreau.
 +Umpires&​mdash;​Rigler and O'​Loughlin;​ field umpires&​mdash;​Evans and
 +Klem. Scorers&​mdash;​ Richter and Spink. Time of game&​mdash;​2.06.
 +Weather&​mdash;​Cool and cloudy, and ground heavy.</​p>​
 +BOSTON. ​       AB. R. H. P. A. E.    NEW YORK.      AB. R. H. P. A. E.
 +Hooper, r.f.    4  l  2  4  0  0   ​Devore,​ l.f.      2  0  0  0  0  0
 +Yerkes, 2b      4  1  1  3  3  0   ​Doyle,​ 2b         ​4 ​ 0  0  0  3  1
 +Speaker, c.f.   ​3 ​ 0  1  3  0  0   ​Snodgrass,​ c.f.   ​4 ​ 0  0  2  0  0
 +Lewis, l.f.     ​3 ​ 0  0  1  0  0   ​Murray,​ r.f.      3  0  0  0  1  0
 +Gardner, 3b     ​3 ​ 0  0  3  2  1   ​Merkle,​ 1b        4  1  1 15  0  0
 +Stahl, 1b       ​3 ​ 0  0  7  0  0   ​Herzog,​ 3b        4  0  0  2  3  0
 +Wagner, ss      3  0  1  1  1  0   ​Meyers,​ c         ​3 ​ 0  1  2  0  0
 +Cady, c         ​3 ​ 0  0  5  0  0   ​Fletcher,​ ss      2  0  0  2  2  0
 +Bedient, p      3  0  0  0  0  0   ​McCormick[1] ​     1  0  0  0  0  0
 +                                   ​Shafer[2],​ ss     ​0 ​ 0  0  1  1  0
 +                                   ​Mathewson,​ p      3  0  1  0  3  0
 +               -- -- -- -- -- --                    -- -- -- -- -- --
 +Totals ​        ​29 ​ 2  5 27  6  1     ​Totals ​        ​30 ​ 1  3 24 13  1
 +<p>1: McCormick batted for Fletcher in seventh inning. 2: Shafer
 +ran for McCormick in seventh inning and then played shortstop.</​p>​
 +Boston ​        ​0 ​ 0  2  0  0  0  0  0  X&​mdash;​2
 +New York       ​0 ​ 0  0  0  0  0  1  0  0&​mdash;​1
 +<​p>​Left on bases&​mdash;​New York 5, Boston 3. First base on
 +errors&​mdash;​New York 1, Boston 1. Two-base hit&​mdash;​Merkle.
 +Three-base hits&​mdash;​Hooper,​ Yerkes. Double play&​mdash;​Wagner,​
 +Yerkes and Stahl. Struck out&​mdash;​By Mathewson 2, Gardner, Wagner;
 +by Bedient 4, Devore, Snodgrass, Merkle, Mathewson. Bases on
 +balls&​mdash;​By Bedient 3, Devore 2, Murray. Fumbles&​mdash;​Doyle,​
 +Gardner. Umpires&​mdash;​O'​Loughlin and Rigler; field
 +umpires&​mdash;​Klem and Evans. Scorers&​mdash;​Richter and Spink. Time
 +of game&​mdash;​1.43. Weather&​mdash;​Warm and cloudy.</​p>​
 +NEW YORK.      AB. R. H. P. A. E.      BOSTON. ​     AB. R. H. P. A. E.
 +Devore, l.f.    4  0  1  2  0  1    Hooper, r.f.     ​4 ​ 0  1  2  2  0
 +Doyle, 2b       ​4 ​ 1  1  1  1  0    Yerkes, 2b       ​4 ​ 0  2  3  1  1
 +Snodgrass, c.f. 4  0  1  6  0  0    Speaker, c.f.    3  0  0  5  0  0
 +Murray, r.f.    3  1  2  7  0  0    Lewis, l.f.      4  0  0  0  0  0
 +Merkle, 1b      3  1  2  4  1  0    Gardner, 3b      4  1  0  0  1  0
 +Herzog, 3b      3  1  1  1  1  0    Stahl, 1b        4  1  2  8  0  0
 +Meyers, c       ​3 ​ 1  2  6  0  0    Wagner, 3b       ​4 ​ 0  0  3  0  0
 +Fletcher, ss    3  0  1  0  2  0    Cady, c          3  0  1  3  2  1
 +Marquard, p     ​3 ​ 0  0  0  2  1    O'​Brien,​ p       ​0 ​ 0  0  0  1  0
 +                                    Engle[1] ​        ​1 ​ 0  1  0  0  0
 +                                    Collins, p       ​2 ​ 0  0  0  2  0
 +               -- -- -- -- -- --                    -- -- -- -- -- --
 +Totals ​        ​30 ​ 5 11 27  7  2      Totals ​       33  2  7 24  9  2
 +<p>1: Engle batted for O'​Brien in second inning.</​p>​
 +New York       ​5 ​ 0  0  0  0  0  0  0  X&​mdash;​5
 +Boston ​        ​0 ​ 2  0  0  0  0  0  0  0&​mdash;​2
 +<​p>​Left on bases&​mdash;​Boston 5, New York 1. First base on
 +errors&​mdash;​Boston 1. Two-base hits&​mdash;​Engle,​ Merkle, Herzog.
 +Three-base hit&​mdash;​Meyers. Stolen bases&​mdash;​Speaker,​ Doyle,
 +Herzog, Meyers. Double plays&​mdash;​Fletcher,​ Doyle and Merkle;
 +Hooper and Stahl. Pitching record&​mdash;​Off O'​Brien,​ 6 hits and 5
 +runs in 8 times at bat in 1 inning; off Collins, 5 hits and 0 runs
 +in 22 times at bat in 7 innings. Struck out&​mdash;​By Marquard 3,
 +Wagner, Gardner, Stahl; by O'​Brien 1, Snodgrass; by Collins 1,
 +Devore. Base on balls&​mdash;​By Marquard, Speaker.
 +Fumble&​mdash;​Devore. Wild throw&​mdash;​Marquard. Muffed foul
 +fly&​mdash;​Cady. Balk&​mdash;​O'​Brien. Wild throw&​mdash;​Yerkes. Time
 +of game&​mdash;​1.58. Umpires&​mdash;​Klem and Evans; field
 +umpires&​mdash;​O'​Loughlin and Rigler. Scorers&​mdash;​Richter and
 +Spink. Weather&​mdash;​Warm and cloudy.</​p>​
 +NEW YORK.         AB. R. H. P. A. E.  BOSTON. ​      AB. R. H. P. A. E.
 +Devore, r.f.       ​4 ​ 2  1  3  1  1   ​Hooper,​ r.h.   ​3 ​ 0  1  1  1  0
 +Doyle, 2b          4  3  3  2  3  2   ​Yerkes,​ 2b     ​4 ​ 0  0  1  4  0
 +Snodgrass, c.f.    5  1  2  1  0  0   ​Speaker,​ c.f.  4  1  1  4  0  1
 +Murray, l.f.       ​4 ​ 0  0  1  0  0   ​Lewis,​ l.f.    4  1  1  3  0  0
 +Merkle, 1b         ​5 ​ 1  2 10  0  1   ​Gardner,​ 3b    4  1  1  2  0  1
 +Herzog, 3b         ​4 ​ 2  1  0  2  0   ​Stahl,​ 1b      5  0  1 11  1  0
 +Meyers, c          4  1  3  6  0  0   ​Wagner,​ ss     ​5 ​ 0  1  4  4  0
 +Wilson, c[1]       ​1 ​ 0  1  2  0  0   Cady, c        4  1  0  1  2  0
 +Fletcher, ss       ​5 ​ 1  1  2  4  0   Wood, p        0  0  0  0  1  0
 +Tesreau, p         ​4 ​ 0  2  0  6  0   Happ, p        3  0  3  0  5  1
 +                  -- -- -- -- -- --                 -- -- -- -- -- --
 +Totals ​           40 11 16 27 16  4    Totals ​      ​36 ​ 4  9  27 18  3
 +<p>1: Wilson relieved Meyers in eighth inning.</​p>​
 +New York       ​6 ​ 1  0  0  0  2  1  0  1&​mdash;​11
 +Boston ​        ​0 ​ 1  0  0  0  0  2  1  0&​mdash;​ 4
 +<​p>​Left on bases&​mdash;​New York 8, Boston 12. First base on
 +errors&​mdash;​Boston 1. Stolen bases&​mdash;​Devore 2, Doyle.
 +Sacrifice hit&​mdash;​Murray. Sacrifice fly&​mdash;​Hooper. Two-base
 +hits&​mdash;​Snodgrass,​ Hall, Lewis. Home runs&​mdash;​Doyle,​ Gardner.
 +Double plays&​mdash;​Devore and Meyers; Speaker, unassisted. Pitching
 +record&​mdash;​Off Wood, 7 hits and 6 runs in 8 times at bat in 1
 +inning; off Hall, 9 hits and 5 runs in 32 times at bat in 8
 +innings. Struck out&​mdash;​By Tesreau 6, Hooper 2, Yerkes, Gardner,
 +Wagner, Cady; by Hall 1, Herzog. Bases on balls&​mdash;​By Tesreau 5,
 +Hooper, Yerkes, Speaker, Lewis, Hall; by Hall 5, Devore 2, Doyle,
 +Herzog, Tesreau. Fumbles&​mdash;​Doyle,​ Devore. Muffed thrown
 +ball&​mdash;​Gardner. Wild throws&​mdash;​Merkle,​ Hall, Speaker. Muffed
 +fly&​mdash;​Doyle. Wild pitches&​mdash;​Tesreau 2. Hit by pitched
 +ball&​mdash;​By Tesreau, Gardner. Time of game&​mdash;​2.21.
 +Umpires&​mdash;​Evans and Klem; field umpires&​mdash;​O'​Loughlin and
 +Rigler. Scorers&​mdash;​Richter and Spink. Weather&​mdash;​Cold and
 +BOSTON. ​         AB. R. H. P. A. E.    NEW YORK.    AB. R. H. P. A. E.
 +Hooper, r.f.      5  0  0  3  0  0   ​Devore,​ r.f.    3  1  1  3  1  0
 +Yerkes, 2b        4  1  1  0  3  0   ​Doyle,​ 2b       ​5 ​ 0  0  1  5  1
 +Speaker, c.f.     ​4 ​ 0  2  2  0  1   ​Snodgrass,​ c.f. 4  0  1  4  1  1
 +Lewis, l.f.       ​4 ​ 0  0  1  0  0   ​Murray,​ l.f.    5  1  2  3  0  0
 +Gardner, 3b       ​3 ​ 0  1  1  4  2   ​Merkle,​ 1b      5  0  1 10  0  0
 +Stahl, 1b         ​4 ​ 1  2 15  0  1   ​Herzog,​ 3b      5  0  2  2  1  0
 +Wagner, ss        3  0  1  3  5  1   ​Meyers,​ c       ​3 ​ 0  0  4  1  0
 +Cady, c           ​4 ​ 0  0  5  3  0   ​Fletcher,​ ss    3  0  1  2  3  0
 +Bedient, p        2  0  0  0  1  0   ​McCormick[1] ​   1  0  0  0  0  0
 +Henriksen[2] ​     1  0  1  0  0  0   ​Mathewson,​ p    4  0  1  0  3  0
 +Wood, p           ​0 ​ 0  0  0  2  0   ​Shafer[3],​ ss   ​0 ​ 0  0  0  0  0
 +Engle[4] ​         1  1  0  0  0  0
 +                 -- -- -- -- -- --                  -- -- -- -- -- --
 +Totals ​          ​35 ​ 3  8 30 18  5     ​Totals ​      ​38 ​ 2  9*29 15 2
 +<p>*: Two out in tenth inning when winning run was scored.</​p>​
 +<p>1: McCormick batted for Fletcher in ninth inning. 2: Henriksen
 +batted for Bedient in seventh inning. 3: Shafer player shortstop in
 +tenth inning. 4: Engle batted for Wood in tenth inning.</​p>​
 +Boston ​        ​0 ​ 0  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  2&​mdash;​3
 +New York       ​0 ​ 0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  1&​mdash;​2
 +<​p>​Left on bases&​mdash;​New York 11, Boston 9. First base on
 +errors&​mdash;​New York 1, Boston 1. Two-base hits&​mdash;​Murray 2,
 +Herzog, Gardner, Stahl, Henriksen. Sacrifice hit&​mdash;​Meyers.
 +Sacrifice fly&​mdash;​Gardner. Stolen base&​mdash;​Devore. Pitching
 +record&​mdash;​Off Bedient, 6 hits and 1 run in 26 times at bat in 7
 +innings; off Wood, 3 hits and 1 run in 12 times at bat in 3
 +innings. Struck out&​mdash;​By Mathewson 4, Yerkes, Speaker, Lewis,
 +Stahl; by Bedient 2, Merkle, Fletcher; by Wood 2, Mathewson,
 +Herzog. Bases on balls&​mdash;​By Mathewson 5, Yerkes, Speaker,
 +Lewis, Gardner, Wagner; by Bedient 3, Devore, Snodgrass, Meyers; by
 +Wood 1, Devore. Muffed fly&​mdash;​Snodgrass. Muffed foul
 +fly&​mdash;​Stahl. Muffed thrown balls&​mdash;​Doyle,​ Wagner, Gardner.
 +Fumbles&​mdash;​Speaker,​ Gardner. Time of game&​mdash;​2.39.
 +Umpires&​mdash;​O'​Loughlin and Rigler; field umpires&​mdash;​Klem and
 +Evans. Scorers&​mdash;​Richter and Spink. Weather&​mdash;​Clear and
 +<​p>​Following is a composite score of the eight games played, thus
 +arranged to show at a glance the total work in every
 +                               G. AB. R. H. SB. SH. PO. A. E.
 +Hooper........................ 8  31  3  9  2   ​2 ​  ​16 ​ 3  ..
 +Yerkes........................ 8  32  3  8  ..  1   ​15 ​ 22 1
 +Speaker....................... 8  30  4  9  1   ​.. ​ 21  2  2
 +Lewis......................... 8  32  4  5  ..  ..  14  .. 1
 +Gardner....................... 8  28  4  5  ..  3   ​9 ​  12 4
 +Stahl......................... 8  32  3  9  2   ​1 ​  ​77 ​ 3  1
 +Wagner........................ 8  30  1  5  1   ​.. ​ 24  24 3
 +Cady.......................... 7  22  1  3  ..  1   ​35 ​ 9  1
 +Wood.......................... 4  7   ​1 ​ 2  ..  ..  1   ​6 ​ ..
 +Carrigan...................... 2  7   .. .. ..  ..  9   ​5 ​ ..
 +Collins....................... 2  5   .. .. ..  ..  ..  3  ..
 +Hall.......................... 2  4   .. 3  ..  ..  ..  5  1
 +Bedient....................... 4  6   .. .. ..  ..  ..  1  ..
 +[1]Engle...................... 3  3   ​1 ​ 1  ..  ..  ..  .. ..
 +O'​Brien....................... 2  2   .. .. ..  ..  1   ​6 ​ ..
 +[2]Ball....................... 1  1   .. .. ..  ..  ..  .. ..
 +[3]Henriksen.................. 2  1   .. 1  ..  ..  ..  .. ..
 +                                 ​-- ​  -- -- --  --  --  -- --
 +                                273   25 60 6   ​8 ​ 222 101 14
 +                               G. AB. R. H. SB. SH. PO. A. E.
 +Devore........................ 7  24  4  6  4   ​.. ​ 10  2  2
 +Doyle......................... 8  33  5  8  2   ​.. ​ 15  26 4
 +Snodgrass..................... 8  33  2  7  1   ​.. ​ 17  1  1
 +Murray........................ 8  31  5 10 ..    1  23  1  ..
 +Merkle........................ 8  33  5  9  1    1  83  1  3
 +Herzog........................ 8  30  6 12  2    2  11  16 ..
 +[4]Becker..................... 2   ​4 ​ 1 .. ..   ​.. ​ ..  1  ..
 +Meyers........................ 8  28  2 10  1    1  42  4  1
 +Fletcher...................... 8  28  1  5  1   ​.. ​ 16  23 4
 +Wilson........................ 3   1 ..  1 ..   ​.. ​  ​2 ​ 1  1
 +Shafer........................ 3  .. .. .. ..   ​.. ​  ​1 ​ 4  ..
 +Tesreau....................... 3   8 ..  3 ..   ​.. ​ ..  10 ..
 +[5]McCormick.................. 5   4 ..  1 ..    1  ..  .. ..
 +Crandall...................... 1   1 .. .. ..   ​.. ​ ..  1  ..
 +Mathewson..................... 3  12 ..  2 ..   ​.. ​  ​2 ​ 12 ..
 +Marquard...................... 2   4 .. .. ..    1  ..  4  1
 +Ames.......................... 1  .. .. .. ..   ​.. ​ ..  1  ..
 +                                 --- -- -- --   ​-- ​ --  --  --
 +                                 274 31 74 12   ​7[6]22l 108 17
 +<p>1: Engle batted for Carrigan in eighth inning of third game; for
 +O'​Brien in second inning of sixth game, and for Wood in tenth
 +inning of eighth game.</​p>​
 +<p>2: Ball batted for O'​Brien in eighth inning of third game.</​p>​
 +<p>3: Henriksen ran for Stahl in ninth inning of third game; and
 +batted for Bedient in seventh inning of eighth game.</​p>​
 +<p>4: McCormick batted for Tesreau in seventh inning of first game;
 +for Fletcher in tenth inning of second game; for Tesreau in seventh
 +inning of fourth game; for Fletcher in seventh inning of fifth
 +game; and for Fletcher in ninth inning of eighth game.</​p>​
 +<p>5: Becker ran for Meyers in ninth inning of first game.</​p>​
 +<p>6: Two out in tenth inning of eighth game when winning run
 +           ​1 ​ 2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11  Tl.
 +Boston ​    ​3 ​ 4  2  1  1  1  6  2  2  3  0&​mdash;​25
 +New York  11  3  3  1  1  2  3  3  2  2  0&​mdash;​31
 +<​p>​Left on bases&​mdash;​Boston 55, New York 53.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Two-base hits&​mdash;​Boston:​ Lewis 3, Gardner 2, Stahl 2, Hooper
 +2, Henriksen 1, Hall 1, Engle 1, Speaker 1, Wagner 1; total 14. New
 +York: Murray 4, Herzog 4, Snodgrass 2, Merkle 2, Fletcher 1, Doyle
 +1; total 14.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Three-base hits&​mdash;​Boston:​ Speaker 2, Yerkes 2, Gardner 1,
 +Hooper 1; total 6. New York: Murray 1, Merkle 1, Herzog 1, Meyers
 +1; total 4.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Home runs&​mdash;​Boston:​ Gardner 1. New York: Doyle 1.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Double plays&​mdash;​For Boston: Stahl and Wood 1; Speaker and
 +Stahl 1; Wagner, Yerkes and Stahl 1; Hooper and Stahl 1; Speaker 1
 +(unassisted). For New York: Fletcher and Herzog 1; Fletcher and
 +Merkle 1; Fletcher, Doyle and Merkle 1; Devore and Meyers 1.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Struck out by Boston pitchers&​mdash;​By Wood: Merkle 3, Tesreau
 +3, Fletcher 3, Devore 2, Snodgrass 2, Herzog 2, Meyers 2, Murray 2,
 +Crandall 1, Mathewson 1, total 21. By Collins: Doyle 1, Merkle 1,
 +Snodgrass 1, Devore 1, Mathewson 2; total 6. By Bedient: Doyle 1,
 +Devore 1, Snodgrass 1, Mathewson 1, Fletcher 1, Merkle 2; total 7.
 +By O'​Brien:​ Devore 1, Merkle 1, Meyers 1, Snodgrass 1; total 4. By
 +Hall: Herzog 1; total 1. Grand total 39.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Struck out by New York pitchers&​mdash;​By Tesreau: Hooper 3, Cady
 +3, Stahl 2, Gardner 2, Wagner 2. Speaker 1, Yerkes 1, Lewis 1;
 +total 15. By Mathewson: Stahl 2, Collins 2, Wagner 2, Gardner 1,
 +Yerkes 1, Speaker 1, Lewis 1; total 10. By Marquard: Wagner 2,
 +O'​Brien 2, Hooper 1, Yerkes 1, Ball 1, Gardner 1, Stahl 1; total 9.
 +By Crandall: Stahl 1, Gardner 1; total 2. Grand total 36.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Bases on balls off Boston pitchers&​mdash;​Off Wood: Devore 2,
 +Murray 1; total 3. Off Hall: Doyle 2, Devore 2, Snodgrass 1, Becker
 +1. Meyers 1, Tesreau 1, Herzog 1; total 9. Off Bedient: Devore 3,
 +Becker 1, Murray 1, Snodgrass 1, Meyers 1; total 7. Off O'​Brien:​
 +Fletcher 1, Doyle 1. Marquard 1; total 3. Grand total 22.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Bases on balls off New York pitchers&​mdash;​Off Tesreau: Hooper
 +3, Speaker 2, Wagner 1, Wood 1, Gardner 1, Yerkes 1, Lewis 1, Hall
 +1: total 11. Off Marquard: Hooper 1, Speaker 1; total 2. Off Ames:
 +Wagner 1; total 1. Off Mathewson: Yerkes 1, Speaker 1, Lewis 1,
 +Gardner 1, Wagner 1; total 6. Grand total 19.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Relief pitchers'​ records&​mdash;​Off Tesreau, 5 hits, 4 runs, in
 +25 times at bat in 7 innings; off Crandall, 1 hit, 0 runs, in 6
 +times at bat in 2 innings in game of October 8. Off Collins, 9
 +hits. 3 runs, in 30 times at bat in 7-1/3 innings: off Hall, 2
 +hits, 3 runs, in 9 times at bat in 2-2/3 innings; off Bedient, 0
 +hits, 0 runs, in 1 time at bat in 1 inning, in game of October 9;
 +off O'​Brien,​ 6 hits, 2 runs, in 26 times at bat in 8 innings; off
 +Bedient, 1 hit, 0 runs, in 2 times at bat in 1 inning, in game of
 +October 10. Off Tesreau, 5 hits, 2 runs, in 24 times at bat in 7
 +innings; off Ames, 3 hits, 1 run, in 8 times at bat in 2 innings,
 +in game of October 11. Off O'​Brien,​ 8 hits, 5 runs, in 8 times at
 +bat in 1 inning; off Collins, 5 hits, 0 runs, in 22 times at bat in
 +7 innings, in game of October 14. Off Wood, 7 hits, 6 runs, in 8
 +times at bat in 1 inning; off Hall, 9 hits. 5 rung, in 32 times at
 +bat in 8 innings, in game of October 15. Off Bedient, 6 hits, 1
 +run, in 26 times at bat in 7 innings; off Wood, 3 hits, 1 runs, in
 +12 times at bat in 3 innings, in game of October 16.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Wild pitches&​mdash;​Tesreau 3.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Balk&​mdash;​O'​Brien 1.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Muffed fly Balls&​mdash;​Fletcher 1, Lewis 1. Doyle 1, Snodgrass
 +1; total 4.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Muffed foul fly&​mdash;​Merkle 1, Cady 1, Stahl 1; total 3.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Muffed thrown balls&​mdash;​Wilson 1, Merkle 1, Gardner 2, Doyle
 +1, Wagner 1; total 6.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Wild throws&​mdash;​Meyers 1, Marquard 1, Yerkes 1, Merkle 1, Hall
 +1, Speaker 1; total 6.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Fumbles&​mdash;​Wagner 2, Fletcher 3, Doyle 2, Gardner 2, Devore
 +2, Speaker 1; total 12.</​p>​
 +<​p>​First base on errors&​mdash;​Boston 11, New York 5.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Sacrifice flies&​mdash;​Herzog 2, McCormick 1, Hooper 1, Gardner
 +1; total 5.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Hit by pitcher&​mdash;​By Bedient: Snodgrass 1, Herzog 1. By Wood:
 +Meyers. By Tesreau: Gardner.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Umpires&​mdash;​Evans and O'​Loughlin,​ of the American League; Klem
 +and Rigler, of the National League.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Official scorers&​mdash;​Francis C. Richter of Philadelphia,​ and
 +J. Taylor Spink of St. Louis, all games.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Average time&​mdash;​2.13 7-8.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Average attendance&​mdash;​3l,​505.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Weather&​mdash;​Clear and cool.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Following are the official batting averages of all players
 +participating in the World'​s Championship Series of 1912. They show
 +that New York clearly outhit Boston. The team average of the Giants
 +was 50 points higher than that of Boston. The Boston team had only
 +four batters in the .300 class, while New York had five. Of the men
 +who played all through the series, Herzog was high with .400. The
 +figures are:</​p>​
 +            G.   ​AB. ​  ​R. ​  ​H. ​  ​SB. ​  ​SH. ​  PC.
 +Henriksen ​   2     ​1 ​  ​-- ​   1   ​-- ​   --   1000
 +Hall         ​2 ​    ​4 ​  ​-- ​   3   ​-- ​   --   .750
 +Engle        3     ​3 ​   1    1   ​-- ​   --   .333
 +Speaker ​     8    30    4    9    1    --   .300
 +Hooper ​      ​8 ​   31    3    9    2     ​2 ​  .290
 +Wood         ​4 ​    ​7 ​   1    2   ​-- ​   --   .286
 +Stahl        8    32    3    9    2     ​1 ​  .281
 +Yerkes ​      ​8 ​   32    3    8   ​-- ​    ​1 ​  .250
 +Gardner ​     8    28    4    5   ​-- ​    ​3 ​  .179
 +Wagner ​      ​8 ​   30    1    5    1    --   .167
 +Lewis        8    32    4    5   ​-- ​   --   .156
 +Cady         ​7 ​   22    1    3   ​-- ​    ​1 ​  .136
 +Carrigan ​    ​2 ​    ​7 ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +Collins ​     2     ​5 ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +Bedient ​     4     ​6 ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +O'​Brien ​     2     ​2 ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +Ball         ​1 ​    ​1 ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +            G.   ​AB. ​  ​R. ​  ​H. ​  ​SB. ​  ​SH. ​  PC.
 +Wilson ​      ​2 ​    ​1 ​  ​-- ​   1   ​-- ​   --   1000
 +Herzog ​      ​8 ​   30    6   ​12 ​   2     ​2 ​  .400
 +Tesreau ​     3     ​8 ​  ​-- ​   3   ​-- ​   --   .375
 +Meyers ​      ​8 ​   28    2   ​10 ​   1     ​1 ​  .357
 +Murray ​      ​8 ​   31    5   ​10 ​  ​-- ​    ​1 ​  .323
 +Merkle ​      ​8 ​   33    5    9    1     ​1 ​  .273
 +Devore ​      ​7 ​   24    4    6    4    --   .250
 +McCormick ​   5     ​4 ​  ​-- ​   1   ​-- ​    ​1 ​  .250
 +Doyle        8    33    5    8    2    --   .242
 +Snodgrass ​   8    33    2    7    1    --   .212
 +Fletcher ​    ​8 ​   28    1    5    1    --   .179
 +Mathewson ​   3    12   ​-- ​   2   ​-- ​   --   .167
 +Becker ​      ​2 ​    ​4 ​   1   ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +Shafer ​      ​3 ​   --   ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +Crandall ​    ​1 ​    ​1 ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +Marquard ​    ​2 ​    ​4 ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +Ames         ​1 ​   --   ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   .000
 +<​p>​Team batting average: New York, .270; Boston, .220.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The individual and team fielding averages show Boston leading by
 +a slight margin of .958 to .951. The figures follow:</​p>​
 +                              CATCHERS.
 +            G. PO. A. PB. E. PC. |            G. PO. A. PB. E. PC.
 +Carrigan ​   2   ​9 ​ 5         ​1000|Cady ​       7  35  9      1  .978
 +Meyers ​     8  42  4       1 .979|Wilson ​     2   ​2 ​ 1      1  .750
 +                                PITCHERS.
 +                G. PO. A. E. PC. |                G. PO. A. E. PC.
 +Tesreau ​        ​3 ​    ​10 ​    ​1000|Collins ​        ​2 ​     3     1000
 +Crandall ​       1      1     ​1000|Bedient ​        ​4 ​     1     1000
 +Mathewson ​      ​4 ​ 1  12     ​1000|O'​Brien ​        ​2 ​ 1   ​6 ​    1000
 +Wood            4  1   ​6 ​    ​1000|Hall ​           2      5  1  .833
 +Ames            1      1     ​1000|Marquard ​       2      4  1  .800
 +                              FIRST BASEMEN.
 +Stahl       ​8 ​ 77  3   ​1 ​    ​.988|Merkle ​         8 83   ​1 ​ 3  .966
 +                             ​SECOND BASEMEN.
 +Yerkes ​     8  15 22   ​1 ​    ​.974|Doyle ​          8 15  26  4  .911
 +                              SHORTSTOPS.
 +Shafer ​         3  1   ​4 ​    ​1000|Fletcher ​       8 16  23  4  .907
 +Wagner ​         8 24  24  3  .941
 +                             THIRD BASEMEN.
 +Herzog ​         8 11  16     ​1000|Gardner ​        ​8 ​ 9  12  4  .840
 +                              OUTFIELDERS.
 +Murray ​         8 23   ​1 ​    ​1000|Lewis ​          8 14      1  .933
 +Becker ​         1      1     ​1000|Speaker ​        8 21   ​2 ​ 2  .920
 +Hooper ​         8 16   ​3 ​    ​1000|Devore ​         7 10   ​2 ​ 2  .857
 +Snodgrass ​      8 17   ​1 ​ 1  .947|
 +<​p>​Team fielding average: Boston, .958; New York, .951.</​p>​
 +<​p>​THE PITCHERS'​ RECORDS.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The pitching averages show Marquad and Bedient the only pitchers
 +with clean records. Marquad won two games and did not meet defeat,
 +and Bedient won one without a defeat. Wood won three and lost one.
 +Following are the figures:</​p>​
 +              G.  W.  L.  T. TO.    PC. H.  BB.  HB.  SO.  IP.    AB.
 +Bedient ​      ​4 ​  ​1 ​      ​1 ​  ​1 ​  ​1000 ​ 10   ​7 ​   2    7   ​17 ​     59
 +Marquard ​     2   ​2 ​              ​1000 ​ 14   ​2 ​        ​9 ​  ​18 ​     66
 +Wood          4   ​3 ​  ​1 ​      ​1 ​  ​.750 ​ 27   ​3 ​   1   ​21 ​  ​22 ​     88
 +Tesreau ​      ​3 ​  ​1 ​  ​2 ​      ​2 ​  ​.333 ​ 19  11    1   ​15 ​  ​23 ​     85
 +Collins ​      ​2 ​          ​1 ​  ​1 ​  ​.000 ​ 14             ​6 ​  ​14-1/​3 ​ 52
 +Hall          2           ​1 ​  ​1 ​  ​.000 ​ 11   ​9 ​        ​1 ​  ​10-2/​3 ​ 41
 +Mathewson ​    ​3 ​      ​2 ​  ​1 ​      ​.000 ​ 23   ​5 ​       10   ​29-2/​3 108
 +Ames          1                   ​.000 ​  ​3 ​  ​1 ​             2       8
 +Crandall ​     1                   ​.000 ​  ​1 ​            ​2 ​   2       6
 +O'​Brien ​      ​2 ​      ​2 ​      ​2 ​  ​.000 ​ 12   ​3 ​        ​4 ​   9      34
 +<​p>​Wild pitches&​mdash;​Tesreau 3.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Wiltse,​ Ames, Hall and Crandall did not pitch a full game and
 +are charged with neither defeat nor victory. Tesreau pitched first
 +7 innings of first game and is charged with defeat. Crandall
 +finished game. Collins pitched first 7-1/3 innings of second game,
 +Hall followed for 2-2/3 innings and Bedient for 1 inning, but as
 +game was tie no one has defeat or victory charged against him.
 +O'​Brien pitched 8 innings of third game and is charged with defeat.
 +Bedient pitched in the last inning. In fourth game Tesreau pitched
 +first 7 innings and is marked with defeat. Ames finished the game.
 +In sixth game O'​Brien pitched only 1 inning, but lost the game.
 +Collins completed the game. Wood pitched only one inning of seventh
 +game and is charged with a defeat. Hall pitched the last 8 innings.
 +Bedient pitched first 7 innings of eighth game and retired to
 +permit Henriksen to bat for him with New York leading. Boston then
 +tied score and Wood, who succeeded Bedient, finally won out in the
 +tenth inning, Wood getting credit for game.</​p>​
 +<​p>​FINANCIAL RESULT.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The attendance and receipts of the 1912 World'​s Championship
 +Series were the highest of any series ever played, excelling even
 +the receipts of the 1911 Athletic-Giant series, which reached
 +proportions of such magnitude that it was thought they would not
 +soon be exceeded, or even equaled. In the 1911 Athletic-Giant
 +series the total attendance was 179,851 paid; the receipts,
 +$342,364; each club's share, $90,108.72; National Commission'​s
 +share, $34,236.25; the players'​ share for four days, $127,​910.61;​
 +each player'​s share on the Athletic team, $3,654.58; and each
 +player'​s share on the New York team, $2,436.30. For purposes of
 +comparison we give the official statement of the 1911 World'​s
 +                                   ​Attendance. ​   Receipts.
 +First game, New York................ 38,​281 ​      ​$77,​359.00
 +Second game, Philadelphia........... 26,​286 ​       42,962.50
 +Third game, New York................ 37,​216 ​       75,593.00
 +Fourth game, Philadelphia........... 24,​355 ​       40,957.00
 +Fifth game, New York................ 33,​228 ​       69.384.00
 +Sixth game, Philadelphia............ 20,​485 ​       36,109.00
 +                                  --------- ​   -------------
 +Totals ............................ 179,​851 ​     $342,364.50
 +Each club's share................................ $90,108.72
 +National Commission'​s share....................... 34,236.25
 +Players'​ share for four games................ ​    ​127,​910.61
 +<​p>​Herewith is given the official attendance and receipts of the
 +Giant-Red Sox world'​s Series of 1912, together with the division of
 +the receipts, as announced by the National Commission. The players
 +shared only in the first four games, divided 60 percent, to the
 +winning team and 40 per cent, to the losing team.</​p>​
 +                                    Attendance. ​   Receipts.
 +First game, New York................ 35,​722 ​      ​$75,​127.00
 +Second game, Boston................. 30,​148 ​       58,369.00
 +Third game, Boston.................. 34,​624 ​       63,142.00
 +Fourth game, New York............... 36,​502 ​       76,644.00
 +Fifth game, Boston.................. 34,​683 ​       63,201.00
 +Sixth game, New York................ 30,​622 ​       66,654.00
 +Seventh game, Boston................ 32,​630 ​       57,004.00
 +Eighth game, Boston ................ 16,​970 ​       30,308.00
 +                                  --------- ​   -------------
 +Totals............................. 251,​901 ​     $490,449.00
 +Each club's share............................... $146,915.91
 +National Commission'​s share....................... 49,044.90
 +Players'​ share for four games.................... 147,572.28
 +<a name="​RULE4_10"><​!-- RULE4 10 --></​a>​
 +<​h2>​NATIONAL LEAGUE SEASON OF 1912</​h2>​
 +<​center>​BY JOHN B. FOSTER.</​center>​
 +<​p>​Spurts of energy on the part of different clubs, unexpected ill
 +fortune on the part of others, and marked variations of form, which
 +ranged from the leaders almost to the lowliest teams of the second
 +division, injected spasmodic moments of excited interest into the
 +National League race for 1912 and marked it by more vicissitudes
 +than any of its immediate predecessors.</​p>​
 +<p>By careful analysis it is not a difficult matter to ascertain
 +why the New Yorks won. Their speed as a run-getting machine was
 +much superior to that of any of their opponents. Every factor of
 +Base Ball which can be studied demonstrates that fact. They led the
 +National League in batting and they led it in base running. They
 +were keenly alive to the opportunities which were offered to them
 +to win games. Indeed, their fall from the high standard which they
 +had set prior to the Fourth of July was quite wholly due to the
 +fact that they failed to take advantage of the situations daily, as
 +they had earlier in the season, and their return to that winning
 +form later in the season, which assured them of the championship,​
 +was equally due to the fact that they had regained their ability to
 +make the one run which was necessary to win. That, after all, is
 +the vital essential of Base Ball. To earn the winning run, not by
 +hook or crook, but to earn it by excelling opponents through
 +superior play in a department where the opponents are weak, is the
 +story of capturing a pennant.</​p>​
 +<​p>​They were dangerous men to be permitted to get on bases, and
 +their dearest and most bitter enemies on the ball field, with
 +marked candor, confessed that such was the case. Opposing leaders
 +admitted that when two or three of the New York players were
 +started toward home plate one or two of them were likely to cross
 +the plate and that, too, when one run might tie the score and two
 +runs might win the game.</​p>​
 +<​p>​While there were some who were quite sanguine before the
 +beginning of the season that the Giants would win the championship,​
 +there were others who were convinced that they would have a hard
 +time to hold their title, and after the season was over both
 +factions were fairly well satisfied with their preliminary
 +<​p>​The runaway race which New York made up to the Fourth of July
 +gave abundant satisfaction to those who said they would win, and
 +the setback which the team received after the Fourth of July until
 +the latter part of August afforded solace to those who were certain
 +in their own minds that the New Yorks would have much trouble to
 +repeat their victory of 1911.</​p>​
 +<p>It must not be forgotten, too, that the New York team had the
 +benefit of excellent pitching throughout the year. In the new
 +record for pitchers, which has been established this season by
 +Secretary Heydler of the National League, and which in part was the
 +outcome of the agitation in the GUIDE for a new method of records,
 +in which the various Base Ball critics of the major league cities
 +so ably contributed their opinions, Tesreau leads all the pitchers
 +in the matter of runs which were earned from his delivery.
 +Mathewson is second, Ames is fifth, Marquard seventh and Wiltse and
 +Crandall lower, and while both the latter were hit freely in games
 +in which they were occasionally substituted for others, they
 +pitched admirably in games which they won on their own account.</​p>​
 +<p>In the opinion of the writer this new method, which has been put
 +into usage by Secretary Heydler, is far superior to anything which
 +has been offered in years as a valuable record of the actual work
 +of pitchers. It holds the pitcher responsible for every run which
 +is made from his delivery. It does not hold him responsible for any
 +runs which may have been made after the opportunity has been
 +offered to retire the side, nor does it hold him responsible for
 +runs which are the result of the fielding errors of his fellow
 +players. On the other hand, if he gives bases on balls, if he is
 +batted for base hits, if he makes balks, and if he makes wild
 +pitches, he must stand for his blunders and have all such runs
 +charged against him as earned runs.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Nothing proves more conclusively the strength of this manner of
 +compiling pitchers'​ records than that Rucker, by the old system,
 +dropped to twenty-eighth place in the list of National League
 +pitchers, finished third in the earned run computation,​ showing
 +that if he had been given proper support he probably would have
 +been one of the topmost pitchers of the league, even on the basis
 +of percentage of games won, which is more vainglorious than
 +absolutely truthful.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Giants are to be commended for playing clean, sportsmanlike
 +Base Ball. There were less than a half dozen instances in which
 +they came into conflict with the umpires. The president of the
 +National League complimented Manager McGraw in public upon the
 +excellent conduct of his team upon the field and the players
 +deserved the approbation of the league'​s chief executive.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The general work of the Pittsburgh team throughout the year was
 +good. It must have been good to have enabled the players to finish
 +second in the championship contest, but the team, speaking in the
 +broadest sense, seemed to be just good enough not to win the
 +championship. As one man dryly but graphically put it: "​Pittsburgh
 +makes me think of a wedding cake without the frosting."</​p>​
 +<​p>​Fred. Clarke, manager of the team, adhered resolutely to his
 +determination not to play. It was not for the reason that the
 +impulse to play did not seize upon him more than once, but he had
 +formed a conviction, or, at least, he seemed to have formed one,
 +that it would be better for the organization if the younger blood
 +were permitted to make the fight. It was the opinion of more than
 +one that Clarke incorrectly estimated his own ball playing ability,
 +in other words, that he was a better ball player than he credited
 +himself with being.</​p>​
 +<p>As batters the Pittsburghs were successful. As fielders they
 +were superior to the team that won the championship. As run-getters
 +they were not the equal of the Giants. In brief, fewer
 +opportunities were accepted to make runs by a much larger
 +percentage than was the case with the New York club, which can
 +easily be verified by a careful study of the scores of the two
 +teams as they opposed one another, and as they played against the
 +other clubs of the league.</​p>​
 +<p>It took more driving power to get the Pittsburgh players around
 +the bases than it did those of New York. In tight games, where the
 +advantage of a single run meant victory, the greater speed of the
 +New York players could actually be measured by yards in the
 +difference of results. Naturally it was not always easy for the
 +Pittsburgh enthusiasts to see why a team, which assuredly fielded
 +better than the champions and batted almost equally as well, could
 +not gain an advantage over its rivals, but the inability of
 +Pittsburgh Base Ball patrons to comprehend the lack of success on
 +the part of their team existed in the fact that they had but few
 +opportunities,​ comparatively speaking, to watch the New York
 +players and found it difficult to grasp the true import of that one
 +great factor of speed, which had been so insistently demanded by
 +the New York manager of the men who were under his guidance.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Pittsburgh had an excellent pitching staff. Even better results
 +would have been obtained from it if Adams had been in better
 +physical condition. An ailing arm bothered him. While he fell below
 +the standard of other years, one splendid young pitcher rapidly
 +developed in Hendrix, and Robinson, a left-hander,​ with practically
 +no major league experience, pushed his way to a commanding position
 +in the work which he did.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Until the Giants made their last visit to Pittsburgh in the
 +month of August the western team threatened to come through with a
 +finish, which would give them a chance to swing into first place
 +during the month of September, but the series between New York and
 +Pittsburgh turned the scale against the latter.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Fired with the knowledge that they were at the turning point in
 +the race the New York players battled desperately with their rivals
 +on Pittsburgh'​s home field and won. Even the Pittsburgh players
 +were filled with admiration for the foe whom they had met, and
 +while they were not in the mood to accept defeat with equanimity,
 +they did accept it graciously and congratulated the victors as they
 +left Pittsburgh after playing the last game of the season which had
 +been scheduled between them on Forbes Field.</​p>​
 +<​p>​First base had long bothered Clarke. Frequent experiments had
 +been made to obtain a first baseman, who could play with accuracy
 +on the field and bat to the standard of the team generally. Clarke
 +transferred Miller from second base to first and the change worked
 +well. More graceful and more accurate first basemen have been
 +developed than Miller, but in his first year of play at the bag he
 +steadied the team perceptibly and unquestionably gave confidence to
 +the other men.</​p>​
 +<​p>​But making a first baseman out of Miller took away a second
 +baseman and second base gave Clarke more or less concern all of the
 +season. At that, Pittsburgh was not so poorly off in second base
 +play as some other of the teams of the senior circuit.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Two important factors contributed to the success of the Chicagos
 +in 1912. For a few days they threatened to assume the leadership of
 +the National League. With the opportunity almost within their grasp
 +the machine, which had been patched for the moment, fell to pieces,
 +and the Cubs, brought to a climax in their work by all the personal
 +magnetism and the driving power of which Chance was capable, were
 +exhausted by their strongest effort. The courage and the wish were
 +there, but the team lacked the playing strength.</​p>​
 +<p>To return to the factors which contributed to the club's
 +success. They were the restoration to health of Evers, and a
 +complete change in the manner of playing second base, added to the
 +consistent and powerful batting of Zimmerman. The latter led the
 +league in batting and repeatedly pulled his club through close
 +contests by the forceful manner in which he met the ball with men
 +on bases.</​p>​
 +<p>A third contributing force, though less continuous, was the
 +brief spurt which was made by the Chicago pitchers in the middle of
 +the season. They were strongest at the moment that the New York
 +team was playing its poorest game, and their temporary success
 +assisted in pushing the Chicagos somewhat rapidly toward the top of
 +the league. They were not resourceful enough nor strong enough to
 +maintain their average of victories and finished the season
 +somewhat as they had begun.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The most of Chicago'​s success began to date from the early part
 +of July, when Lavender, pitching for the Cubs, won from Marquard of
 +the Giants, who, to that time, had nineteen successive victories to
 +his credit. Chicago continued to win, and the New York team made a
 +very poor trip through the west.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Lavender'​s physical strength held up well for a month and then
 +it became quite evident that he had pitched himself out. Then was
 +the time that the Chicagos could have used to good advantage two
 +and certainly one steady and reliable pitcher, who had been through
 +the fire of winning pennants and would not be disturbed by the
 +importance which attached to games in which his club was for the
 +moment the runner-up in the championship race.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Chicago managed to hold its own fairly well against the New York
 +team. Indeed, the Cubs beat the New Yorks on the series for the
 +season, but there were other clubs, Pittsburgh, St. Louis and
 +Cincinnati, which won from Chicago when victories were most needed
 +by the Cubs, and their hope to capture the pennant deserted them as
 +they were making their last trip through the east.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The race was not without its bright side for Chicago. Even if
 +the Cubs did finish third for the first time since Chance had been
 +manager of the organization,​ it was a welcome sight to see Evers
 +apparently in as good form as ever and Zimmerman so strong with the
 +bat that the leadership of the batters finally returned to Chicago
 +after it had been absent for years.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Cincinnati,​ under the management of Henry O'Day, finished fourth
 +in the race. It was by no means a weak showing for the new manager,
 +in view of the team which he was compelled to handle. Until the New
 +York club played its first series in Cincinnati, which began May
 +18, the Reds were booming along at the top of the league,
 +apparently with no intention that they might ever drop back. It was
 +New York that won three out of the five games played and took the
 +lead in the race, and when that happened Cincinnati never was in
 +front again.</​p>​
 +<p>To the other managers, who had been watching the work of the
 +Cincinnatis it was apparent that sooner or later the break would
 +have to come for the reason that, as the season progressed, better
 +pitching would have to be faced by the Cincinnati club, while it
 +was doubtful whether the Cincinnati pitchers could do any better
 +than they were doing. The manager seemed to have known this, for
 +when the break did come and the Reds began to totter, he said in
 +reference to their downfall that no team could be expected to win
 +with only ordinary pitching to assist it.</​p>​
 +<p>In this manner Cincinnati played through the middle of the
 +season always just a little behind most of its opponents. As the
 +latter days of the year began to dawn the Reds began to improve and
 +not the least of which was in the better work of the pitchers.</​p>​
 +<​p>​They did well enough to beat Philadelphia for fourth place, and
 +while O'Day did not have the satisfaction of finding his first year
 +as a manager generous enough to him to make him the runner-up for
 +the championship team, he actually put his club in the first
 +division, which is something in which many managers have failed and
 +some of them managers of long experience.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Misfortune and ill luck always attaches itself in a minor degree
 +to every team which engages in a championship contest, but most
 +assuredly Philadelphia had more of its share of reverses through
 +accidents to players and illness than any team of the National
 +League. Yet the Philadelphias were courageous players from whom
 +little complaint was heard. They took their misfortunes with what
 +grace they could and played ball with what success they could
 +achieve, whether they had their best team in the field or their
 +<​p>​Strangely enough they played an important part in the results of
 +the race. Frequently they defeated the Chicagos, all too frequently
 +for the comfort of the Chicago Base Ball enthusiasts,​ and when the
 +loss of a game or two by the Philadelphias to the Chicagos might
 +have turned the race temporarily one way or the other, the
 +Philadelphias,​ with decided conviction, refused to lose.</​p>​
 +<p>It may not be necessary to call attention to the fact of
 +absolute fairness in the contests for championships in the various
 +leagues which comprise Base Ball in its organized form. The day has
 +passed when the Base Ball enthusiast permits his mind to dwell much
 +upon that sort of thing, if ever he did. But if it were necessary
 +to advance an argument as to the integrity of the sport and the
 +high class of the men who are engaged in the summer season in
 +playing professional Base Ball, there could be nothing better to
 +prove that the price of victory is the one great consideration,​
 +greater than the fact of Philadelphia'​s success against a team
 +which was a strong contender against that which finally won the
 +<p>As much as Philadelphia desired that New York should be beaten,
 +for there was no love lost between the teams in a ball playing way,
 +the fighting spirit and the predominant desire to add to the column
 +of victories as many games as possible brought forth the best
 +efforts of the team of ill fortune against Chicago and struck
 +telling blows against Chicago'​s success at the most timely
 +<p>As a whole the St. Louis team did not play as well in 1912 as it
 +did in the preceding year. There was some bad luck for St. Louis as
 +well as Philadelphia. The players did not get started as well as
 +they had in the previous two years. Their spring training was more
 +or less disastrous, for they were one of the clubs to run into the
 +most contrary of spring weather.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Perhaps the worst trouble which the St. Louis team had, take the
 +season through from beginning to finish, was in regard to the
 +pitchers. There were two or three young men on the team who seemed
 +at the close of the season of 1911 to be likely to develop into
 +high class pitchers in 1912. They pitched well in 1912 at
 +intervals. One day it seemed as if they at last had struck their
 +stride and the next they faltered and their unsteadiness gave their
 +opponents the advantage which they sought.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Perhaps,​ if the St. Louis team had been a little stronger to
 +batting it would have rated higher among the organization of the
 +National League. Several games were lost which would have been
 +taken into camp by a better display at bat. In fielding the team
 +was much stronger and the success of the infield, combined with
 +some excellent outfield work now and then, frequently held the team
 +up in close battles, but when the pitchers faltered on the path the
 +fielders were not able to bear the force of the attack.</​p>​
 +<​p>​For three seasons in succession Brooklyn seems to have been
 +fated to start the season with bad luck and misfortune. The spring
 +training trip did not bring to Brooklyn all that had been expected
 +owing to the inclement weather.</​p>​
 +<​p>​When the team began the season at Washington Park a tremendous
 +crowd filled the stands. Long before it was time for the game to
 +begin the spectators became unruly and swarmed over the field. It
 +was impossible for the ground police to do anything with the
 +excited enthusiasts and at last the city police were asked to
 +assist. They tried to clear the field, but only succeeded in
 +driving the crowd from the infield. Spectators were so thick in the
 +outfield that they crowded upon the bases and prevented the players
 +from doing their best. For that matter the outfielders could not do
 +much of anything.</​p>​
 +<p>A ground rule of two bases into the crowd was established,​ and
 +the New York players, who were the opponents of Brooklyn, took
 +advantage of it to drive the ball with all their force, trusting
 +that it would sail over the heads of the fielders and drop into the
 +crowd. They were so successful that they made a record for two-base
 +hits and Brooklyn was overwhelmed.</​p>​
 +<​p>​This unfortunate beginning appeared to depress the Brooklyn
 +team. The players recovered slightly, but had barely got into their
 +stride again when accidents to the men began to happen. Some of
 +them became ill, and the manager was put to his wits end to get a
 +team on the field which should make a good showing.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Fighting against these odds Brooklyn made the best record that
 +it could. As the season warmed into the hotter months the infield
 +had to be rearranged. There was disappointment in the playing of
 +some of the infielders. It was also necessary to reconstruct the
 +outfield. Unable to get all of the men whom he would have desired
 +the manager continued to experiment and his experiments brought
 +forth good fruit, for unquestionably the excellent work of Moran,
 +who played both right field and center field for Brooklyn, was a
 +great help to the pitchers. By the time that the Base Ball playing
 +year was almost concluded Brooklyn had so far recovered that it was
 +able to place a better nine on the diamond than had been the case
 +all of the year.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Boston never was expected to be a championship organization. The
 +material was not there for a championship organization,​ but Boston
 +did play better ball than in 1911 and that is to the credit of
 +players, manager and owner. The club had changed hands, but the new
 +owner had not been able to readjust all of the positions to suit
 +him. He put the best nine possible in the field with what he had.
 +Never threatening to become a championship winning team Boston
 +played steadily with what strength it possessed and always a little
 +better than in 1911, so that the year could not fairly be
 +considered unsuccessful at its finish.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Going back to the beginning of the year and looking over the
 +contest for the National League championship of 1912, it is not
 +uninteresting,​ indeed it is of much interest to call attention to
 +the remarkably odd record which was made by New York to win the
 +pennant. In that record stands the story of the fight, with
 +striking shifts from week to week.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The first game played by the Giants was against Brooklyn, as has
 +been related, and it was won by New York and that, by the way, was
 +the game in which Marquard began his admirable record as a pitcher
 +for the season.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Giants lost the next three games. Two of them were to
 +Brooklyn and one to Boston, and the players of the New York team
 +began to wonder a little as to what had happened to them.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Then New York won nine straight games from the eastern clubs,
 +being stopped finally by Philadelphia on the Polo Grounds. But that
 +defeat did not check them. They started on another winning spurt
 +and played throughout the west without a defeat until they arrived
 +in Cincinnati. This total of victories was nine. All of the games
 +on the schedule were not played because of inclement weather.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Cincinnati won twice from New York and then the Giants turned
 +the tables on the Reds, who had been leading the league. They threw
 +them out of the lead, which they never regained, and won another
 +succession of nine victories. That made three times consecutively
 +that they had won a total of twenty-seven games in groups of nine,
 +assuredly an unusual result.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Losing one game they again entered the winning class. This time
 +they won six games in succession. Then they lost a game. After this
 +single defeat they won but three games. Their charm of games in
 +blocks of nine had deserted them. They were beaten twice after
 +winning three, and Pittsburgh was the team.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Then they won another single game and immediately after that
 +victory lost to Brooklyn. But that was the last defeat for a long
 +time. Well into the race, with their condition excellent, and
 +playing better ball than they had played since their wonderful
 +spurt of the month of September in 1911, they won sixteen games in
 +<​p>​The morning of the Fourth of July dawned hot and sultry. The air
 +was thick and muggy and without life. The Giants were scheduled to
 +play two games that day with Brooklyn, the first in the morning and
 +the second in the afternoon. If they won both of them they would
 +tie a former record, which had been made by the New York team, for
 +consecutive victories.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Perhaps it may have been reaction after the long strain of
 +winning or it may have been an uncommonly good streak of batting on
 +the part of Brooklyn. Surely Brooklyn batted well enough, as the
 +morning game went to the latter team by the score of 10 to 4. In
 +the afternoon Brooklyn again beat the Giants by the score of 5 to
 +2. Wiltse pitched for New York and Stack for Brooklyn.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The New York team went to Chicago and won twice. Then it lost.
 +The fourth game was won from Chicago and then the Giants lost two
 +in succession.</​p>​
 +<​p>​They won one game and immediately after that lost four in
 +succession. Chicago began to have visions of winning the
 +<​p>​From Chicago the Giants went to Pittsburgh, stood firm in a
 +series of three games, winning two and losing one. Their next call
 +was at Cincinnati and beginning with that series they got back to
 +form a trifle and won five games in succession.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Returning home they were beaten on the Polo Grounds three games
 +in succession by Chicago. After that New York settled into a
 +winning stride again and won six games in succession. Pittsburgh
 +came to the Polo Grounds and stopped the winning streak of the
 +champions by defeating them three times in succession. That was a
 +hard jolt for any team to stand. Yet the Giants rallied and won the
 +test game of the Pittsburgh series.</​p>​
 +<p>It was but a momentary pause, for after another victory St.
 +Louis beat New York. The Giants won another game and the next day
 +lost to St. Louis. That finished the home games for New York and
 +the team started west, facing a desperate fight. They lost the
 +first game to Chicago, won the next and lost the third. Going from
 +Chicago to St. Louis they won three games in succession, returning
 +to Chicago, lost a postponed game with the Cubs.</​p>​
 +<​p>​From Chicago their path led them to Pittsburgh where they lost
 +the first contest. Then they made the stand of the season when they
 +beat the Pittsburghs four games in succession.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Cincinnati turned the tables on the Giants to the consternation
 +of the New York fans and won twice, when it seemed as if the Giants
 +were about to start on a career which would safely land the
 +championship. The Giants returned home and beat Brooklyn in the
 +first game and lost the second. They won the next two and then lost
 +again. The championship was still in abeyance. Again they won and
 +then lost to Philadelphia.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Here came another test in a Philadelphia series at Philadelphia
 +which contained postponed games, and once more rallying with all
 +their might, won four games and lost the last of this series of
 +<​p>​Following that they won three games and then lost to St. Louis.
 +They won three times in succession and then lost four games to
 +Chicago and Cincinnati, but all of this time Chicago was gradually
 +falling away because it was necessary that the Cubs should continue
 +to win successive victories if they were to beat New York for the
 +<​p>​The Giants atoned for the four defeats at the hands of Chicago
 +and Cincinnati by winning the next four games in succession, and
 +while this did not actually settle the championship,​ that is, the
 +definite championship game had not been played, the race was
 +practically over and all that was left to fight for in the National
 +League was second place, in which Chicago and Pittsburgh were most
 +interested. The pitching staff of the Chicagos had worn out under
 +the strain and the Cubs were beaten out by Pittsburgh.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The semi-monthly standing of the race by percentages
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON APRIL 30.
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.        Club.         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +Cincinnati ​       10    3   ​.769 ​  ​Pittsburgh ​          ​5 ​   7   .417
 +New York           ​8 ​   3   ​.727 ​  ​Philadelphia ​        ​4 ​   6   .400
 +Boston ​            ​6 ​   6   ​.500 ​  St. Louis            5    8   .385
 +Chicago ​           5    7   ​.417 ​  ​Brooklyn ​            ​4 ​   7   .364
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON MAY 15.
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.        Club.         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York          18    4   ​.810 ​  St. Louis           ​10 ​  ​16 ​  .385
 +Cincinnati ​       19    5   ​.792 ​  ​Boston ​              ​9 ​  ​15 ​  .375
 +Chicago ​          ​12 ​  ​12 ​  ​.500 ​  ​Philadelphia ​        ​7 ​  ​13 ​  .350
 +Pittsburgh ​        ​9 ​  ​12 ​  ​.429 ​  ​Brooklyn ​            ​7 ​  ​14 ​  .333
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON MAY 31.
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.        Club.         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York          28    7   ​.800 ​  St. Louis           ​20 ​  ​22 ​  .455
 +Cincinnati ​       23   ​17 ​  ​.675 ​  ​Philadelphia ​      ​.14 ​  ​19 ​  .426
 +Chicago ​          ​19 ​  ​17 ​  ​.628 ​  ​Brooklyn ​           12   ​22 ​  .353
 +Pittsburgh ​       18   ​17 ​  ​.514 ​  ​Boston ​             13   ​26 ​  .333
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON JUNE 15.
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.        Club.         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York          37   ​10 ​  ​.787 ​  ​Philadelphia ​       20   ​24 ​  .455
 +Pittsburgh ​       27   ​20 ​  ​.574 ​  St. Louis           ​23 ​  ​31 ​  .426
 +Chicago ​          ​26 ​  ​21 ​  ​.563 ​  ​Brooklyn ​           16   ​30 ​  .348
 +Cincinnati ​       25   ​23 ​  ​.553 ​  ​Boston ​             16   ​35 ​  .314
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON JUNE 30.
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.        Club.         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York          50   ​11 ​  ​.820 ​  ​Philadelphia ​       24   ​33 ​  .421
 +Pittsburgh ​       37   ​25 ​  ​.597 ​  ​Brooklyn ​           24   ​36 ​  .400
 +Chicago ​          ​34 ​  ​26 ​  ​.567 ​  St. Louis           ​27 ​  ​42 ​  .391
 +Cincinnati ​       35   ​32 ​  ​.522 ​  ​Boston ​             20   ​46 ​  .303
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON JULY 15.
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.       ​Club. ​         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York          58   ​19 ​  ​.753 ​  ​Philadelphia ​       34   ​38 ​  .472
 +Chicago ​          ​47 ​  ​28 ​  ​.627 ​  St. Louis           ​34 ​  ​49 ​  .410
 +Pittsburgh ​       45   ​31 ​  ​.592 ​  ​Brooklyn ​           30   ​48 ​  .385
 +Cincinnati ​       41   ​39 ​  ​.513 ​  ​Boston ​             22   ​59 ​  .272
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON JULY 31.
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.       ​Club. ​         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York          67   ​24 ​  ​.736 ​  ​Cincinnati ​         45   ​49 ​  .479
 +Chicago ​          ​57 ​  ​34 ​  ​.626 ​  St. Louis           ​41 ​  ​55 ​  .427
 +Pittsburgh ​       52   ​37 ​  ​.684 ​  ​Brooklyn ​           35   ​59 ​  .372
 +Philadelphia ​     45   ​43 ​  ​.511 ​  ​Boston ​             25   ​66 ​  .275
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON AUGUST 15.
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.       ​Club. ​         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York          73   ​30 ​  ​.709 ​  ​Cincinnati ​         50   ​58 ​  .463
 +Chicago ​          ​69 ​  ​36 ​  ​.657 ​  St. Louis           ​47 ​  ​60 ​  .439
 +Pittsburgh ​       65   ​40 ​  ​.619 ​  ​Brooklyn ​           39   ​69 ​  .361
 +Philadelphia ​     50   ​54 ​  ​.481 ​  ​Boston ​             28   ​76 ​  .269
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON AUGUST 31.
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.       ​Club. ​         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York          82   ​36 ​  ​.695 ​  ​Cincinnati ​         57   ​65 ​  .467
 +Chicago ​          ​79 ​  ​42 ​  ​.653 ​  St. Louis           ​53 ​  ​59 ​  .434
 +Pittsburgh ​       71   ​50 ​  ​.587 ​  ​Brooklyn ​           44   ​76 ​  .367
 +Philadelphia ​     59   ​60 ​  ​.496 ​  ​Boston ​             37   ​84 ​  .306
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON SEPTEMBER 15
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.       ​Club. ​         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York          95   ​40 ​  ​.704 ​  ​Philadelphia ​       63   ​70 ​  .474
 +Chicago ​          ​83 ​  ​61 ​  ​.619 ​  St. Louis           ​57 ​  ​80 ​  .416
 +Pittsburgh ​       82   ​53 ​  ​.607 ​  ​Brooklyn ​           50   ​85 ​  .370
 +Cincinnati ​       68   ​68 ​  ​.500 ​  ​Boston ​             42   ​93 ​  .311
 +                  STANDING OF CLUBS ON SEPTEMBER 30
 +     ​Club. ​      Won. Lost.  PC.       ​Club. ​         Won. Lost.  PC.
 +New York         ​101 ​  ​45 ​  ​.692 ​  ​Philadelphia ​       70   ​77 ​  .476
 +Pittsburgh ​       91   ​57 ​  ​.615 ​  St. Louis           ​62 ​  ​88 ​  .413
 +Chicago ​          ​89 ​  ​68 ​  ​.605 ​  ​Brooklyn ​           57   ​91 ​  .385
 +Cincinnati ​       74   ​76 ​  ​.493 ​  ​Boston ​             42  100   .324
 +  Club.      N.Y. Pitts. Chi. Cin. Phil. St.L. Bkln. Bos.  Won.  PC.
 +New York      --    12     ​9 ​  ​16 ​  ​17 ​    ​15 ​   16   ​18 ​  ​103 ​ .682
 +Pittsburgh ​    ​8 ​   --    13   ​11 ​  ​14 ​    ​15 ​   14   ​18 ​   92  .616
 +Chicago ​      ​13 ​    ​8 ​   --   ​11 ​  ​10 ​    ​15 ​   17   ​17 ​   91  .607
 +Cincinnati ​    ​6 ​   11    10   ​-- ​   8     ​13 ​   16   ​11 ​   75  .490
 +Philadelphia ​  ​5 ​    ​8 ​   10   ​14 ​  ​-- ​    ​11 ​   13   ​12 ​   73  .480
 +St. Louis      7     ​7 ​    ​7 ​   9   ​11 ​    ​-- ​   10   ​12 ​   63  .412
 +Brooklyn ​      ​6 ​    ​8 ​    ​5 ​   6    9     ​11 ​   --   ​13 ​   58  .379
 +Boston ​        ​3 ​    ​4 ​    ​6 ​  ​11 ​  ​10 ​    ​10 ​    ​9 ​  ​-- ​   52  .340
 +              --    --    --   ​-- ​  ​-- ​    ​-- ​   --   --
 +    Lost      48    58    59   ​78 ​  ​79 ​    ​90 ​   95  101
 +<​p>​The Chicago-Pittsburgh game at Chicago, October 2, was protested
 +by the Pittsburgh club and thrown out of the records, taking a
 +victory from the Chicago club and a defeat from the Pittsburgh
 +<a name="​RULE4_11"><​!-- RULE4 11 --></​a>​
 +<​h2>​AMERICAN LEAGUE SEASON OF 1912</​h2>​
 +<​center>​BY IRVING E. SANBORN, CHICAGO.</​center>​
 +<​p>​Pre-season predictions in Base Ball do not carry much weight
 +individually,​ but when many minds, looking at the game from
 +different angles, agree on the main points there usually is good
 +reason behind such near unanimity. Outside of Boston it is doubtful
 +if any experienced critic of Base Ball in the country expected the
 +Red Sox to be converted from a second division team into pennant
 +winners in one short season. If such expectancy existed in Boston
 +it was partially a case of the wish fathering the thought. The
 +majority of men believed the machine with which Connie Mack had
 +achieved two league and two world'​s championships was good for at
 +least one more American League pennant. That expectation was based
 +on the comparative youth of the important cogs in the Athletic
 +machine. Yet this dope went all wrong. The Athletics were beaten
 +out by two teams which were in the second division in 1911, one of
 +them as low as seventh place.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The reason for these form reversals were several. The Boston and
 +Washington teams improved magically in new hands, while the
 +Athletics went back a bit, partly because of too much prosperity
 +and partly because of adversity. Having come from behind in 1911
 +and made a winning from a wretched start, the Mackmen apparently
 +thought they could do it again and delayed starting their fight
 +until it was too late. The loss of the services of Dan Murphy for
 +more than half of the season also was a prime factor.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The White Sox were the season'​s sensations both ways and for a
 +time kept everybody guessing by their whirlwind start under new
 +management. They walked over every opponent they tackled for the
 +first few weeks, then began to slip and it required herculean
 +efforts to keep them in the first division at the finish. The
 +Chicago team always was a puzzle to all parties to the race,
 +including itself.</​p>​
 +<​p>​From the outset there was almost no hope for the other four
 +teams in the league. Cleveland and Detroit occasionally broke into
 +the upper circles for a day or two in the early weeks of the
 +season, but not far enough to rouse any false anticipations among
 +their supporters. St. Louis and New York quickly gravitated to the
 +lower strata and remained there, the Yankees finally losing out in
 +their battle with the Browns to keep out of last place.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Five American League teams started the season under new
 +managers. One of the three which began the race under leaders
 +retained from the previous year changed horses in mid-stream. Jake
 +Stahl, Harry Wolverton, Clark Griffith, Harry Davis and James
 +Callahan were the new faces in the managerial gallery. Some of them
 +were not exactly new to the job but were in new jobs. Of these
 +Stahl, Griffith and Callahan proved successful leaders and the
 +first named became the hero of a world'​s championship team when the
 +last ball of the series was caught. Davis resigned during the
 +season and was succeeded by Joe Birmingham, who almost duplicated
 +the feat of George Stovall in 1911, putting new life into the
 +Cleveland team and starting a spurt which made the race for
 +position interesting. Wolverton stuck the season out in spite of
 +handicaps that would have discouraged anybody, then handed in his
 +resignation. Wallace, who started the year at the helm again in St.
 +Louis, cheerfully handed over the management to Stovall, who had
 +been transplanted into the Mound City in the hope of making Davis'
 +task easier in Cleveland. Stovall made the Browns a hard team to
 +beat and had the mild satisfaction of hoisting them out of the
 +cellar which they had occupied for the better part of three
 +<p>An unpleasant feature of the season, but one which had
 +beneficial results, was the strike of the Detroit players,
 +entailing the staging of a farcical game in Philadelphia between
 +the Athletics and a team of semi-professionals. This incident grew
 +out of an attack on a New York spectator by Ty Cobb while in
 +uniform and the immediate suspension of the player for an
 +indefinite period.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The prompt and unyielding stand taken by President Johnson
 +against the action of the Detroit players and the diplomatic
 +efforts of President Navin of that club averted serious or extended
 +trouble and undoubtedly furnished a warning against any similar act
 +in the near future. Another, excellent result was the effort made
 +by club owners to prevent the abuse of the right of free speech by
 +that small element of the game's patronage which finds its greatest
 +joy in abusing the players, secure in the knowledge that it is
 +practically protected from personal injury in retaliation.</​p>​
 +<p>In the development of new players of note the league enjoyed an
 +average season, and a considerable amount of new blood was injected
 +into the game in the persons of players who made good without
 +attracting freakish attention. The rise of the Washington team from
 +seventh to second place brought its youngsters into the limelight
 +prominently,​ and of these Foster and Moeller were commended highly.
 +Gandil, who had his second tryout in fast company, plugged the hole
 +at first base which had worried Washington managers for some time.
 +Shanks also made a reputation for himself as a fielder. These men
 +were helped somewhat by the showing of their team, but the case of
 +Gandil would have been notable In any company. His first advent
 +into the majors with the White Sox showed him to be an exceedingly
 +promising player, but for some reason his work fell off until he
 +was discarded into the International League. There he quickly
 +recovered his stride and, when he did come back shortly after the
 +season opened last spring, he demonstrated that he had the ability
 +to hit consistently and proved a tower of strength to Griffith'​s
 +<​p>​Baumgardner of the St. Louis Browns was an example of a
 +youngster making good in spite of comparatively poor company. His
 +pitching record with a team which finished in seventh place stamps
 +him as one of the best, if not the best, of the slab finds of the
 +year. Jean Dubuc of Detroit was another find of rare value and
 +still another was Buck O'​Brien of Boston, but these had the
 +advantage over Baumgardner of getting better support both in the
 +field and at bat. O'​Brien in particular was fortunate to break in
 +with a championship team.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The White Sox introduced three youngsters who made good and
 +promise to keep on doing so. Two of them, George Weaver and Morris
 +Rath, started the season with Chicago and the third, Baker Borton,
 +joined the team late in the summer. Still later Kay Schalk started
 +in to make what looks like a name for himself as a catcher.</​p>​
 +<p>No better illustration of the slight difference between a
 +pennant winning machine and a losing team in the American League
 +has occurred recently than the Boston Red Sox furnished last year.
 +It did not differ materially from the team of 1910 which compelled
 +the use of the nickname "Speed Boys." Jake Stahl was a member of
 +that team, and except for the absence of Stahl in 1911, the
 +champions of 1912 were composed of practically the same men who
 +finished in the second division only the year before. But for the
 +showing of 1910 the whole credit for last season'​s transformation
 +might be attributed to Manager Stahl. Much of it unquestionably is
 +his by right, and there is no intent here to deprive him of any of
 +the high honors he achieved.</​p>​
 +<p>To Stahl'​s arrangement of his infield probably is due much of
 +the improvement in the team. The outfield trio of wonderful
 +performers did not perform any more wonders last year than in the
 +previous season, but what had been holes on the infield were
 +plugged tightly. Many looked askance when Larry Gardner, supposedly
 +a second baseman, was assigned to third, but the results more than
 +justified the move, and it made room at second for Yerkes, a player
 +who had proved only mediocre on the other side of the diamond. This
 +switch and the return of Stahl, who is a grand mark to throw at on
 +first base, gave the infield the same dash and confidence as the
 +outfield possessed, and the addition of some pitching strength in
 +Bedient and O'​Brien did the rest. It is the ability to discover
 +just the right combination that differentiates the real manager
 +from the semi-failure.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Red Sox were in the race from the start, but they were
 +eclipsed for a time by the White Sox. In spite of that the
 +Bostonians never faltered but kept up a mighty consistent gait all
 +the way and wore down all competitors before the finish. Stahl'​s
 +men never were lower than second place in the race with the
 +exception of three days early in May. when Washington poked its
 +nose in front of the Red Sox and started after the White Sox, only
 +to be driven back into third place by the men of Callahan
 +themselves. For more than a week in April Boston was in the lead.
 +Then Chicago went out and established a lead so long that it lasted
 +until near the middle of June. Boston attended strictly to its
 +knitting, however. Without stopping in their steady stride, the Red
 +Sox hung on, waiting for the Callahans to slump. When their chance
 +came in June the Bostonians jumped into the lead&​mdash;​June 10 was
 +the exact date&​mdash;​and never thereafter did they take any team's
 +<p>By the Fourth of July Boston had a lead of seven games over the
 +Athletics. The Red Sox kept right along at their even gait and a
 +month later were leading by the same margin over Washington, which
 +had displaced the former champions. On September 1 Boston'​s lead
 +was thirteen games, but it was not until September 18 that the
 +American League pennant was actually cinched beyond the possibility
 +of losing it.</​p>​
 +<​p>​All season Stahl'​s men were known as a lucky ball team. Delving
 +into the files for the dope, revealed the fact that the newspaper
 +reports of about every third game they played on the average
 +contained some reference to "​Boston'​s luck." This does not detract
 +anything from their glory. No team ever won a major league pennant
 +unless it was lucky. No team ever had as steady a run of luck as
 +Boston enjoyed in 1912, unless that team made a lot of its own luck
 +by persistently hammering away when luck was against it and keeping
 +ever on the alert to take advantage of an opening.</​p>​
 +<​p>​That is the explanation of the unusual consistency that marked
 +the work of the Red Sox all season and the fact they did not
 +experience a serious slump. In the first month of the season they
 +won twelve games and lost eight. The second month of the race was
 +their poorest one&​mdash;​the nearest they came to a slump. In that
 +month they won eight and lost ten games. In the third month Boston
 +won twenty-three and lost seven games. The fourth month saw them
 +win twenty games and lose eight and in the fifth month their record
 +was twenty victories and five defeats. In the final stages of the
 +race the Red Sox were not under as strong pressure from behind and
 +naturally did not travel as fast after sighting the wire, but the
 +figures produced explain why Boston won the pennant. It started
 +well and kept going faster until there was no longer need for
 +speed. The annexation of the world'​s championship in a record
 +breaking world'​s series with the New York Giants was a fitting
 +climax to their season'​s achievement.</​p>​
 +<​p>​When Clark Griffith stalked through the west on his first
 +invasion of the season with a team of youngsters, some of them
 +practically unknown, and declared he was going after the pennant,
 +everybody laughed or wanted to. A few weeks later everybody who had
 +laughed was sorry, and those who only wanted to laugh were glad
 +they didn'​t. For Griffith kept his men keyed up to the fighting
 +pitch during the greater part of the season, and when they did
 +start slumping in September, he made a slight switch on his
 +infield, applied the brakes and started them going up again. The
 +result was that Washington finished second for the first time in
 +its major league history, winning that position in the closing days
 +of the race after a bitter tussle with the passing world'​s
 +<​p>​The acquisition of Gandil from Montreal plugged a hole at first
 +base which had defied the efforts of several predecessors to stop
 +and it helped make a brilliant infield, for it gave the youngsters
 +something they were not afraid to throw at. In giving credit for
 +the work of Griffith'​s infield, the inclination is to overestimate
 +the worth of the new stars. But there was a tower of strength at
 +short in George McBride, who has been playing steadily and
 +consistently at that position for several seasons without being
 +given one-tenth the credit his work has merited.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Washington team at one time or another occupied every
 +position in the race except the first and last. The Senators were
 +in seventh place for a few days in the opening weeks of the season,
 +but not anywhere nearly as long as they were in second place later
 +on. They climbed out of the second division by rapid stages and
 +after May 1 they were driven back into it only once during the rest
 +of the year. That was for three days in the beginning of June. In
 +the meantime they had knocked Boston out of second place for a
 +short while in May and, most of the way, had enjoyed a close fight
 +with Philadelphia for third and fourth spots. Near the middle of
 +June, after the Red Sox had ousted their White namesakes from first
 +place, the Senators also passed Chicago and started after Boston.
 +But the youngsters were not yet hardened to the strain and soon
 +fell back to third and fourth. On July 5 Washington went into
 +second place and held onto it, with the exception of three days,
 +for a period of two months. September brought a slump and
 +Griffith'​s men surrendered the runner-up position to the Athletics
 +for about two weeks, then came back and took it away from the
 +Mackmen at the end.</​p>​
 +<​p>​What happened to the world'​s champion Athletics the public did
 +not really know until after the middle of the season. Then the
 +suspensions of Chief Bender and Rube Oldring blazoned the fact that
 +Manager Mack's splendid system of handling a Base Ball team by
 +moral suasion had fallen down in the face of overconfidence and too
 +much prosperity. Few people saw any reason for changing their
 +belief in the prowess of the Athletics during the first half of the
 +season, because they were in as good position most of the time as
 +they had been the year previous at the same stage of the race. They
 +were expected to make the same strong finish that swept everything
 +before it in 1911. Not until the second half of the season was well
 +under way did the adherents of the Mackmen give up the battle.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Philadelphia'​s sterling young infield seemed to stand up all
 +right all the year, but the outfield and the slab staff gave Connie
 +Mack sleepless nights. When Dan Murphy was injured in Chicago in
 +June it was discovered what he had meant to the team. Dan was what
 +the final punch is to a boxing star. His timely batting was missed
 +in knocking out opponents, and the injury kept him out all the rest
 +of the season. The strain which Jack Coombs gave his side in the
 +world'​s series of 1911 proved more serious and lasting than was
 +expected, and if Eddie Plank had not come back into grand form it
 +would have been a tougher season than it was for the Athletics.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Mackmen made a bad beginning for champions, and on May 1
 +were in the second division. During all of May and part of June
 +they climbed into the first division and fell out of it with great
 +regularity. Not until near the middle of June did the Athletics
 +gain a strangle hold on the upper half of the league standing, from
 +that time on they kept above the .500 mark, and toward the end of
 +June they met the White Sox coming back. There was a short scuffle
 +during the early part of July among the Athletics, Senators and
 +White Sox for the possession of the position next to Boston. Then
 +Chicago was pushed back, leaving Philadelphia and Washington to
 +fight it out the rest of the way. Trimming the Phillies four out of
 +five games in their city series did not lessen the gloom of the
 +<​p>​The White Sox by their meteoric career demonstrated the value of
 +good condition at the start. Although the Chicagoans experienced
 +tough weather in Texas last spring they fared better than any of
 +the other teams in their league, and that fact, combined with the
 +readiness with which youth gets into playing trim, enabled the
 +White Sox to walk through the early weeks of their schedule with an
 +ease that astonished everybody. Even prophets who were friendly to
 +them had expected no such showing. So fast did the Callahans travel
 +that on May 3 they had lost only four games, having won thirteen in
 +that time. But Boston was hanging on persistently. Chicago'​s margin
 +over the Red Sox varied from four to five and a half games; during
 +May, on the fourteenth of that month the White Sox had won
 +twenty-one games and lost only five, giving them the percentage of
 +.808. During part of this time they were on their first invasion of
 +the east. May 18 saw the Chicago men five and a half games in the
 +lead and their constituents were dreaming of another world'​s
 +pennant almost every night.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Even the doubters were beginning to believe Manager Callahan had
 +found the right combination. Just then came the awakening. The luck
 +which had been coming their way began breaking against them with
 +remarkable persistency. Plays that had won game after game went
 +wrong and youth was not resourceful enough to offset the breaks.
 +The White Sox began to fall away fast in percentage, but managed to
 +cling to the lead until June 10. Boston passed them right there and
 +the Chicagoans kept on going.</​p>​
 +<p>By mid-season Manager Callahan was fighting to keep his men in
 +the first division and their slump did not end until they landed in
 +fifth place for a couple of days in August. Then in desperation
 +Callahan began switching his line-up and by herculean
 +effort&​mdash;​and the help of Ed Walsh&​mdash;​climbed back into the
 +upper quartet and stuck there to the finish. It was a desperate
 +remedy to take Harry Lord off third base, where he had played
 +during most of his professional career, and try to convert him into
 +an outfielder, a position in which he had had no experience at all.
 +But Lord was too good an offensive player to take out of the game,
 +in spite of his slump at third base, and he was willing to try the
 +outfield. Results justified the move. Lord learned outfielding
 +rapidly, and Zeider proved that third base was his natural
 +position. The acquisition of Borton for first base enabled Callahan
 +to put Collins in the outfield, and the White Sox in reality were a
 +stronger team when they finished than when they started their
 +runaway race in April. With one more reliable pitcher to take his
 +turn regularly on the slab all season the White Sox would have kept
 +in the race. Callahan'​s men made up for some of the disappointment
 +they produced by beating the Cubs in a nine-game post-season
 +series, after the Cubs had won three victories. Two of the nine
 +games were drawn and one other went into extra innings, making a
 +more extended combat than the world'​s series.</​p>​
 +<​p>​Cleveland'​s 1912 experience was almost identical with that of
 +1911, even to swapping managers in mid-season. Harry Davis, for
 +years first lieutenant to Connie Mack, took the management or the
 +Naps under a severe handicap. He succeeded a temporary manager,
 +George Stovall, who had made good in the latter half of the
 +previous season, but who could not be retained without abrogating a
 +previous agreement with Davis. The public did not take kindly to
 +the situation when the Naps failed to get into the fight, and the
 +new management had a pitching staff of youngsters with out much of
 +a catching staff to help them out when in trouble.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The Cleveland team never was prominent in the race after the
 +first fortnight, although it retained a respectable position at the
 +top of the second division, with an occasional journey into the
 +first division during the first month or six weeks. In the middle
 +of June the Naps dropped back into sixth place, below Detroit, for
 +a while, then took a brace and reclaimed the leadership of the
 +second squad for part of July. Midway in August found Cleveland
 +apparently anchored in sixth spot and, with the consent of the
 +Cleveland club owners, Manager Davis resigned his position.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The management was given to Joe Birmingham, who took hold of it
 +with enthusiasm but without experience, just as Stovall did the
 +previous year. He infused new life into the team, shook it up a
 +bit, and improved its playing so much that Cleveland passed Detroit
 +before the end of the race, and was threatening to knock Chicago
 +out of fourth place at one time. This would have happened but for
 +the brace of the White Sox. Profiting by previous experience the
 +club owners did not look around for a permanent manager until they
 +saw what Birmingham could do, and in consequence were in position
 +to offer him the leadership of the Naps for the season of 1913.</​p>​
 +<​p>​What was left to Manager Jennings from the great Detroit team
 +that had won three straight pennants was slowing up, with the
 +exception of Tyrus Cobb, who has yet to reach the meridian of his
 +career, and the Georgian got into trouble fairly early in the
 +season, with the result that he was suspended for a considerable
 +period. That and the strike of the Tigers in Philadelphia threw a
 +monkey-wrench into the machinery, resulting in a tangle which
 +Jennings was unable to straighten out all the season. There was a
 +problem at first base which he had a hard time solving. The break
 +in Del Gainor'​s wrist the season before had not mended as it should
 +have done, and he was unable to play the position regularly.
 +Moriarty was pressed into service there and did good work in an
 +unfamiliar position; then the infield was shifted several times
 +without marked benefit. Donovan, who had always been of great help
 +on the slab in hot weather, was not equal to the task of another
 +year and was made manager of the Providence team. Jean Dubuc was
 +the only one of the young pitchers who proved a star, but his work
 +kept the Tigers from being a lot more disappointing proposition
 +than they were.</​p>​
 +<​p>​St. Louis and New York were outclassed from the start. Two weeks
 +after the season opened it was apparent they were doomed to fight
 +it out for the last round on the ladder. That the Browns finally
 +escaped the cellar in the closing days of the race was due largely
 +to the efforts of Stovall, who was made manager to succeed Wallace
 +near the middle of the season.</​p>​
 +<p>As early as the first of May it was seen the Browns and Yankees
 +were destined to trail. The New York team quickly gravitated to the
 +bottom. It started without the services of Catcher Eddie Sweeney,
 +who held out for a larger salary, and it had a manager at the helm
 +who was inexperienced in major league leadership. Not until April
 +24 did New York win a game and in that time it had lost seven
 +straight, postponements accounting for the rest of the time.</​p>​
 +<​p>​St. Louis got a little better start and for a while was inclined
 +to dispute sixth place with Detroit, but on May 1 the Browns found
 +only New York between them and the basement. In the middle of May
 +the Yankees passed St. Louis and ran seventh in the race until
 +July. 4. But accident and injury, and the loss of Cree, shot the
 +Yankees to pieces. For nearly six weeks, however, it was a battle
 +royal between New York and St. Louis to escape the last hole, but
 +in the middle of August the Yankees again established their
 +superiority,​ retaining seventh place until after the middle of
 +September. In the homestretch the new blood given Stovall enabled
 +him to pull his men out of the last notch just before the schedule
 +ran out. This feat was soon forgotten in the defeat of the Browns
 +by the Cardinals in their post-prandial series for the championship
 +of the Mound City.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The year was not prolific of freak or record-breaking
 +performances in the American League. Walter Johnson of Washington,
 +and Joe Wood of Boston were credited with sixteen straight
 +victories, which raised the American League record in that respect
 +from fourteen straight, formerly held by Jack Chesbro of the
 +Yankees. Mullin of Detroit and Hamilton of St. Louis added their
 +names to the list of hurlers who have held opponents without a safe
 +hit in nine innings. Mullin performed his hitless feat against St.
 +Louis and Hamilton retaliated by holding Detroit without a safety.
 +The number of games in which pitchers escaped with less than four
 +hits against them was smaller than usual, however. There were only
 +seventy-eight shut-out games recorded last season by comparison
 +with the American League'​s record of 145.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The longest game of the younger league'​s season lasted nineteen
 +innings, Washington defeating Philadelphia in that combat 5 to 4,
 +and it was played late in September when the two teams were
 +scrapping for second place. The American League record for overtime
 +is twenty-four innings, held by Philadelphia and Boston. There were
 +a lot of slugging games in 1912, but not as many as during the
 +season of 1911. Philadelphia piled up the highest total, 25, in
 +eight innings, but it was made against the semi-professional team
 +which wore Detroit uniforms on the day the Tigers struck. The
 +highest genuine total of hits was twenty-three,​ made by the
 +Athletics against New York pitchers. The Athletics also run up the
 +highest score of the league'​s season when they compounded
 +twenty-four runs against Detroit In May.</​p>​
 +<​p>​The semi-monthly standing of the race by percentages
 +  Club.                Won.    Lost.   PC.
 +  Chicago ​              ​11 ​      ​4 ​   .733
 +  Boston ​                ​9 ​      ​5 ​   .643
 +  Washington ​            ​8 ​      ​6 ​   .615
 +  Cleveland ​             7       ​6 ​   .538
 +  Athletics ​             7       ​7 ​   .600
 +  Detroit ​               6      10    .375
 +  St. Louis              5       ​9 ​   .357
 +  New York               ​3 ​     10    .231
 +  Chicago ​              ​21 ​      ​6 ​   .778
 +  Boston ​               16       ​8 ​   .667
 +  Washington ​           12      12    .500
 +  Cleveland ​            ​11 ​     11    .500
 +  Detroit ​              ​13 ​     14    .481
 +  Athletics ​            ​10 ​     12    .466
 +  New York               ​6 ​     15    .286
 +  St. Louis              6      17    .261
 +  Chicago ​              ​29 ​     12    .707
 +  Boston ​               25      14    .641
 +  Detroit ​              ​21 ​     20    .512
 +  Athletics ​            ​17 ​     17    .500
 +  Cleveland ​            ​18 ​     19    .486
 +  Washington ​           19      21    .476
 +  New York              12      23    .343
 +  St. Louis             ​12 ​     27    .308
 +  Boston ​               33      19    .635
 +  Chicago ​              ​33 ​     21    .611
 +  Washington ​           33      21    .611
 +  Athletics ​            ​27 ​     21    .563
 +  Detroit ​              ​26 ​     29    .473
 +  Cleveland ​            ​23 ​     28    .451
 +  New York              17      31    .364
 +  St. Louis             ​15 ​     37    .288
 +  Boston ​               47      21    .691
 +  Athletics ​            ​39 ​     25    .609
 +  Chicago ​              ​38 ​     28    .576
 +  Washington ​           37      31    .551
 +  Cleveland ​            ​33 ​     38    .492
 +  Detroit ​              ​33 ​     36    .478
 +  New York              18      44    .290
 +  St. Louis             ​18 ​     45    .288
 +  Boston ​               56      26    .683
 +  Washington ​           60      33    .602
 +  Athletics ​            ​46 ​     36    .668
 +  Chicago ​              ​44 ​     35    .567
 +  Cleveland ​            ​42 ​     42    .500
 +  Detroit ​              ​40 ​     43    .488
 +  New York              22      53    .298
 +  St. Louis             ​22 ​     56    .282
 +  Boston ​               67      31    .684
 +  Washington ​           61      37    .622
 +  Athletics ​            ​55 ​     41    .573
 +  Chicago ​              ​49 ​     36    .516
 +  Detroit ​              ​48 ​     42    .485
 +  Cleveland ​            ​45 ​     43    .464
 +  New York              31      53    .333
 +  St. Louis             ​30 ​     56    .312
 +  Boston ​               76      34    .691
 +  Athletics ​            ​66 ​     43    .606
 +  Washington ​           67      44    .604
 +  Chicago ​              ​54 ​     55    .495
 +  Detroit ​              ​55 ​     58    .487
 +  Cleveland ​            ​51 ​     59    .464
 +  New York              36      73    .327
 +  St. Louis             ​36 ​     74    .321
 +  Boston ​             87     ​37 ​  .702
 +  Washington ​         77     ​49 ​  .611
 +  Athletics ​          ​73 ​    ​50 ​  .593
 +  Chicago ​            ​62 ​    ​61 ​  .504
 +  Detroit ​            ​57 ​    ​70 ​  .449
 +  Cleveland ​          ​54 ​    ​71 ​  .432
 +  New York            45     ​78 ​  .366
 +  St. Louis           ​43 ​    ​82 ​  .344
 +  Boston ​             97     ​39 ​  .713
 +  Athletics ​          ​81 ​    ​56 ​  .591
 +  Washington ​         82     ​57 ​  .590
 +  Chicago ​            ​67 ​    ​69 ​  .493
 +  Detroit ​            ​64 ​    ​75 ​  .461
 +  Cleveland ​          ​62 ​    ​75 ​  .453
 +  New York            48     ​88 ​  .353
 +  St. Louis           ​47 ​    ​89 ​  .346
 +  Boston ​            ​103 ​    ​48 ​  .691
 +  Washington ​         89     ​60 ​  .567
 +  Athletics ​          ​89 ​    ​60 ​  .567
 +  Chicago ​            ​74 ​    ​76 ​  .493
 +  Cleveland ​          ​72 ​    ​77 ​  .483
 +  Detroit ​            ​69 ​    ​80 ​  .463
 +  St. Louis           ​52 ​    ​98 ​  .347
 +  New York            49    100   .329
 +               ​Bos. ​ Wash. Ath. Chic. Clev. Det. S.L. N.Y. Won  PC
 +  Boston ​        ​-- ​  ​12 ​   15   ​16 ​  ​11 ​   15    17   ​19 ​ 105  .691
 +  Washington ​    ​10 ​  ​-- ​    ​7 ​  ​13 ​  ​18 ​   14    14   ​15 ​  ​91 ​ .599
 +  Athletics ​      ​7 ​  ​18 ​   --   ​10 ​  ​14 ​   13    16   ​17 ​  ​99 ​ .592
 +  Chicago ​        ​6 ​   9    12   ​-- ​  ​11 ​   14    13   ​13 ​  ​78 ​ .506
 +  Cleveland ​     11    4     ​8 ​  ​11 ​  ​-- ​   13    15   ​13 ​  ​75 ​ .490
 +  Detroit ​        ​6 ​   8     ​9 ​   8    9    --    13   ​16 ​  ​69 ​ .451
 +  St. Louis       ​5 ​   8     ​6 ​   9    7     ​9 ​   --    9   ​58 ​ .344
 +  New York        3    7     ​5 ​   9    8     ​6 ​   13   ​-- ​  ​50 ​ .329
 +                 ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --    --   --
 +         ​Lost ​   47   ​61 ​   62   ​76 ​  ​78 ​   84   ​101 ​  102
 +                 N.Y. Pitts.Chi. Cin. Phil.St.L. Bkln. Bos. Won. PC.
 +New York           ​-- ​  ​12 ​   9   ​16 ​  ​17 ​  ​15 ​  ​16 ​   18  103  .682
 +Pittsburgh ​         8   ​-- ​  ​13 ​  ​11 ​  ​14 ​  ​15 ​  ​14 ​   18   ​93 ​ .616
 +Chicago ​           13    8   ​-- ​  ​11 ​  ​10 ​  ​15 ​  ​17 ​   17   ​91 ​ .607
 +Cincinnati ​         6   ​11 ​  ​10 ​  ​-- ​   8   ​13 ​  ​16 ​   11   ​75 ​ .498
 +Philadelphia ​       5    8   ​10 ​  ​14 ​  ​-- ​  ​11 ​  ​13 ​   12   ​73 ​ .480
 +St. Louis           ​7 ​   7    7    9   ​11 ​  ​-- ​  ​10 ​   12   ​63 ​ .412
 +Brooklyn ​           6    8    5    6    9   ​11 ​  ​-- ​   13   ​58 ​ .379
 +Boston ​             3    4    6   ​11 ​  ​10 ​  ​10 ​   9    --   ​52 ​ .340
 +                   ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​  ​-- ​   --   ​-- ​ ----
 +Lost               ​48 ​  ​58 ​  ​59 ​  ​78 ​  ​79 ​  ​90 ​  ​95 ​  101
 +<​p>​The Chicago-Pittsburgh game at Chicago, October 2, was protested
 +by the Pittsburgh club and thrown out of the records, taking a
 +victory from the Chicago club and a defeat from the Pittsburgh
 +1871- Athletics ​ .759 | 1885- Chicago ​   .770 | 1899- Brooklyn ​  .682
 +1872- Boston ​    .830 | 1886- Chicago ​   .726 | 1900- Brooklyn ​  .603
 +1873- Boston ​    .729 | 1887- Detroit ​   .637 | 1901- Pittsburgh .647
 +1874- Boston ​    .717 | 1888- New York   .641 | 1902- Pittsburgh .741
 +1875- Boston ​    .899 | 1889- New York   .659 | 1903- Pittsburgh .650
 +1876- Chicago ​   .788 | 1890- Brooklyn ​  .667 | 1904- New York   .693
 +1877- Boston ​    .646 | 1891- Boston ​    .630 | 1905- New York   .668
 +1878- Boston ​    .683 | 1892- Boston ​    .680 | 1906- Chicago ​   .765
 +1879- Providence .702 | 1893- Boston ​    .667 | 1907- Chicago ​   .704
 +1880- Chicago ​   .798 | 1894- Baltimore ​ .695 | 1908- Chicago ​   .643
 +1881- Chicago ​   .667 | 1895- Baltimore ​ .669 | 1909- Pittsburgh .724
 +1882- Chicago ​   .655 | 1896- Baltimore ​ .698 | 1910- Chicago ​   .676
 +1883- Boston ​    .643 | 1897- Boston ​    .795 | 1911- New York   .647
 +1884- Providence .750 | 1898- Boston ​    .685 |
 +<​p>​Following are the Official Batting Averages of National League
 +players who participated in any manner in at least fifteen
 +championship games during the season of 1912:</​p>​
 +Name and Club          G.  A.B.  R.  H.  T.B. 2B  3B  HR  SH  SB  PC
 +Zimmerman, Chicago ​   145  557   95 207  318  41  14  14  18  23 .372
 +Meyers, New York      126  371   60 133  177  16   ​5 ​  ​6 ​  ​9 ​  8 .358
 +Sweeney, Boston ​      ​153 ​ 593   84 204  264  81  13   ​1 ​ 33  27 .344
 +Evers, Chicago ​       143  478   73 163  211  23  11   ​1 ​ 14  16 .341
 +Bresnaban, St. Louis   ​48 ​ 108    8  36   ​50 ​  ​7 ​  ​2 ​  ​1 ​ --   4 .333
 +McCormick, New York    42   ​39 ​   4  13   ​19 ​  ​4 ​  ​1 ​ --  --   1 .333
 +Doyle, New York       ​143 ​ 558   98 184  263  33   ​8 ​ 10  13  36 .330
 +Kuisely, Cincinnati ​   21   ​67 ​  ​10 ​ 22   ​35 ​  ​7 ​  ​8 ​ --   ​1 ​  3 .328
 +Lobert, Philadelphia ​  ​65 ​ 257   ​37 ​ 84  112  12   ​5 ​  ​2 ​ 10  13 .327
 +Wiltse, New York       ​28 ​  ​46 ​   5  15   ​17 ​  ​2 ​ --  --   ​1 ​  1 .326
 +Wagner, Pittsburgh ​   145  558   91 181  277  36  20   ​7 ​ 11  26 .324
 +Hendrix, Pittsburgh ​   46  121   ​25 ​ 39   ​64 ​ 10   ​6 ​  ​1 ​  ​2 ​  1 .322
 +Kirke, Boston ​        ​103 ​ 359   53 115  146  11   ​4 ​  ​4 ​  ​9 ​  7 .320
 +Kelly, Pittsburgh ​     48  132   ​20 ​ 42   ​52 ​  ​3 ​  ​2 ​  ​1 ​  ​7 ​  8 .318
 +Marsans, Cincinnati ​  ​110 ​ 416   59 132  168  19   ​7 ​  ​1 ​  ​9 ​ 35 .317
 +Kling, Boston ​         81  252   ​26 ​ 80  102  10   ​3 ​  ​2 ​  ​7 ​  8 .317
 +Donlin, Pittsburgh ​    ​77 ​ 244   ​27 ​ 77  108   ​9 ​  ​8 ​  ​2 ​ 10   8 .316
 +Stengel, Brooklyn ​     17   ​57 ​   9  38   ​22 ​  ​1 ​ --   ​1 ​  ​1 ​  5 .316
 +Paskert, Philadelphia 145  540  102 170  221  38   ​5 ​  ​1 ​ 11  35 .315
 +Konetchy, St. Louis   ​143 ​ 538   81 169  245  26  13   ​8 ​ 17  35 .314
 +Crandall, New York     ​50 ​  ​80 ​   9  25   ​25 ​  ​6 ​  ​2 ​ --   ​3 ​ -- .313
 +  Philadelphia-Boston 141  502   99 155  224  32  11   ​5 ​ 15  11 .309
 +Merkle, New York      129  479   82 148  215  22   ​6 ​ 11   ​8 ​ 37 .309
 +Daubert, Brooklyn ​    ​145 ​ 559   81 173  232  19  16   ​3 ​ 14  39 .308
 +W. Miller, Chicago ​    ​86 ​ 241   ​45 ​ 74   ​93 ​ 11   ​4 ​ --   ​8 ​ 11 .307
 +S. Magee, Phila       ​132 ​ 464   79 142  203  25   ​9 ​  ​6 ​ 29  30 .306
 +Wheat, Brooklyn ​      ​123 ​ 453   70 138  204  28   ​7 ​  ​8 ​  ​7 ​ 16 .305
 +Huggins, St. Louis    120  431   82 131  154  15   ​4 ​ --  11  35 .304
 +Carey, Pittsburgh ​    ​150 ​ 587  114 177  231  23   ​8 ​  ​5 ​ 37  45 .302
 +Edington, Pittsburgh ​  ​15 ​  ​53 ​   4  16   ​20 ​ --   ​2 ​ --   ​3 ​ -- .302
 +Simon, Pittsburgh ​     42  113   ​10 ​ 34   ​38 ​  ​2 ​  ​1 ​ --  --   1 .301
 +<hr class="​full">​
spalding_s_baseball_guide_-_1913.txt ยท Last modified: 2020/02/07 23:07 by briancarnell