All of the recent stories on the coming shortages in water seem to have overlooked
a key point – there are enormous amounts of recoverable water that go wasted
every year. A more rational, market-based system for water distribution would
go along way toward relieving water shortages by boosting efficiency and encouraging
recovery of wasted water.
India appears to be finally catching on to this. A recent Associated Press
story on India’s water storage notes that much of the country’s water reclamation
efforts are poorly managed. The Indian government spent billions of rupees setting
up 14 desalination plants in Ramanathpuram, for example. Today only one of those
plants is still operational; the rest have all failed due to poor maintenance
by government workers.
Similarly although many parts of India receive up to 38 inches of rainfall
annually, only 10 to 20 percent of it is actually captured – the rest washes
out to sea. Again, although there are literally thousands of tanks and water
reservoirs dotting the landscape of southern India, they are poorly maintained.
The New Delhi-based Center for Science and Environment estimates that merely
capturing the rainwater and runoff on 2 percent of India’s land area could supply
26 gallons of water per person.
India is taking an important step in starting to maintain and rebuild its
water capture and desalination facilities, but an important complement must
be market prices that give individuals and companies incentives to spend the
time and money to capture and use water efficiently.
India’s farmers tap into demand for water. Neelesh Misra, Associated Press,
March 8, 1999.